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/*
 * see COPYRIGHT
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <math.h>

#ifndef WINDOWS
#	include <netinet/in.h>
#	include <unistd.h>
#else
#	include "windows.h"
#endif

#include "ttf.h"
#include "pt1.h"
#include "global.h"

/* big and small values for comparisons */
#define FBIGVAL	(1e20)
#define FEPS	(100000./FBIGVAL)

/* names of the axes */
#define X	0
#define	Y	1

/* the GENTRY extension structure used in fforceconcise() */

struct gex_con {
	double d[2 /*X, Y*/]; /* sizes of curve */
	double sin2; /* squared sinus of the angle to the next gentry */
	double len2; /* squared distance between the endpoints */

/* number of reference dots taken from each curve */
#define NREFDOTS	3

	double dots[NREFDOTS][2]; /* reference dots */

	int flags; /* flags for gentry and tits joint to the next gentry */
/* a vertical or horizontal line may be in 2 quadrants at once */
#define GEXF_QUL	0x00000001 /* in up-left quadrant */
#define GEXF_QUR	0x00000002 /* in up-right quadrant */
#define GEXF_QDR	0x00000004 /* in down-right quadrant */
#define GEXF_QDL	0x00000008 /* in down-left quadrant */
#define GEXF_QMASK	0x0000000F /* quadrant mask */

/* if a line is nearly vertical or horizontal, we remember that idealized quartant too */
#define GEXF_QTO_IDEAL(f)	(((f)&0xF)<<4)
#define GEXF_QFROM_IDEAL(f)	(((f)&0xF0)>>4)
#define GEXF_IDQ_L	0x00000090 /* left */
#define GEXF_IDQ_R	0x00000060 /* right */
#define GEXF_IDQ_U	0x00000030 /* up */
#define GEXF_IDQ_D	0x000000C0 /* down */

/* possibly can be joined with conditions: 
 * (in order of increasing preference, the numeric order is important) 
 */
#define GEXF_JLINE	0x00000100 /* into one line */
#define GEXF_JIGN	0x00000200 /* if one entry's tangent angle is ignored */
#define GEXF_JID	0x00000400 /* if one entry is idealized to hor/vert */
#define GEXF_JFLAT	0x00000800 /* if one entry is flattened */
#define GEXF_JGOOD	0x00001000 /* perfectly, no additional maodifications */

#define GEXF_JMASK	0x00001F00 /* the mask of all above */
#define GEXF_JCVMASK	0x00001E00 /* the mask of all above except JLINE */

/* which entry needs to be modified for conditional joining */
#define GEXF_JIGN1	0x00002000
#define GEXF_JIGN2	0x00004000
#define GEXF_JIGNDIR(dir)	(GEXF_JIGN1<<(dir))
#define GEXF_JID1	0x00008000
#define GEXF_JID2	0x00010000
#define GEXF_JIDDIR(dir)	(GEXF_JID1<<(dir))
#define GEXF_JFLAT1	0x00020000
#define GEXF_JFLAT2	0x00040000
#define GEXF_JFLATDIR(dir)	(GEXF_JFLAT1<<(dir))

#define GEXF_VERT	0x00100000 /* is nearly vertical */
#define GEXF_HOR	0x00200000 /* is nearly horizontal */
#define GEXF_FLAT	0x00400000 /* is nearly flat */

#define GEXF_VDOTS	0x01000000 /* the dots are valid */

	signed char isd[2 /*X,Y*/]; /* signs of the sizes */
};
typedef struct gex_con GEX_CON;

/* convenience macros */
#define	X_CON(ge)	((GEX_CON *)((ge)->ext))
#define X_CON_D(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->d)
#define X_CON_DX(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->d[0])
#define X_CON_DY(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->d[1])
#define X_CON_ISD(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->isd)
#define X_CON_ISDX(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->isd[0])
#define X_CON_ISDY(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->isd[1])
#define X_CON_SIN2(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->sin2)
#define X_CON_LEN2(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->len2)
#define X_CON_F(ge)	(X_CON(ge)->flags)

/* performance statistics about guessing the concise curves */
static int ggoodcv=0, ggoodcvdots=0, gbadcv=0, gbadcvdots=0;

int      stdhw, stdvw;	/* dominant stems widths */
int      stemsnaph[12], stemsnapv[12];	/* most typical stem width */

int      bluevalues[14];
int      nblues;
int      otherblues[10];
int      notherb;
int      bbox[4];	/* the FontBBox array */
double   italic_angle;

GLYPH   *glyph_list;
int    encoding[ENCTABSZ];	/* inverse of glyph[].char_no */
int    kerning_pairs = 0;

/* prototypes */
static void fixcvdir( GENTRY * ge, int dir);
static void fixcvends( GENTRY * ge);
static int fgetcvdir( GENTRY * ge);
static int igetcvdir( GENTRY * ge);
static int fiszigzag( GENTRY *ge);
static int iiszigzag( GENTRY *ge);
static GENTRY * freethisge( GENTRY *ge);
static void addgeafter( GENTRY *oge, GENTRY *nge );
static GENTRY * newgentry( int flags);
static void debugstems( char *name, STEM * hstems, int nhs, STEM * vstems, int nvs);
static int addbluestems( STEM *s, int n);
static void sortstems( STEM * s, int n);
static int stemoverlap( STEM * s1, STEM * s2);
static int steminblue( STEM *s);
static void markbluestems( STEM *s, int nold);
static int joinmainstems( STEM * s, int nold, int useblues);
static void joinsubstems( STEM * s, short *pairs, int nold, int useblues);
static void fixendpath( GENTRY *ge);
static void fdelsmall( GLYPH *g, double minlen);
static void alloc_gex_con( GENTRY *ge);
static double fjointsin2( GENTRY *ge1, GENTRY *ge2);
static double fcvarea( GENTRY *ge);
static double fcvval( GENTRY *ge, int axis, double t);
static void fsampledots( GENTRY *ge, double dots[][2], int ndots);
static void fnormalizege( GENTRY *ge);
static void fanalyzege( GENTRY *ge);
static void fanalyzejoint( GENTRY *ge);
static void fconcisecontour( GLYPH *g, GENTRY *ge);
static double fclosegap( GENTRY *from, GENTRY *to, int axis,
	double gap, double *ret);

int
isign(
     int x
)
{
	if (x > 0)
		return 1;
	else if (x < 0)
		return -1;
	else
		return 0;
}

int
fsign(
     double x
)
{
	if (x > 0.0)
		return 1;
	else if (x < 0.0)
		return -1;
	else
		return 0;
}

static GENTRY *
newgentry(
	int flags
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge;

	ge = calloc(1, sizeof(GENTRY));

	if (ge == 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "***** Memory allocation error *****\n");
		exit(255);
	}
	ge->stemid = -1;
	ge->flags = flags;
	/* the rest is set to 0 by calloc() */
	return ge;
}

/*
 * Routines to print out Postscript functions with optimization
 */

void
rmoveto(
	int dx,
	int dy
)
{
	if (optimize && dx == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d vmoveto\n", dy);
	else if (optimize && dy == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d hmoveto\n", dx);
	else
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d rmoveto\n", dx, dy);
}

void
rlineto(
	int dx,
	int dy
)
{
	if (optimize && dx == 0 && dy == 0)	/* for special pathologic
						 * case */
		return;
	else if (optimize && dx == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d vlineto\n", dy);
	else if (optimize && dy == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d hlineto\n", dx);
	else
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d rlineto\n", dx, dy);
}

void
rrcurveto(
	  int dx1,
	  int dy1,
	  int dx2,
	  int dy2,
	  int dx3,
	  int dy3
)
{
	/* first two ifs are for crazy cases that occur surprisingly often */
	if (optimize && dx1 == 0 && dx2 == 0 && dx3 == 0)
		rlineto(0, dy1 + dy2 + dy3);
	else if (optimize && dy1 == 0 && dy2 == 0 && dy3 == 0)
		rlineto(dx1 + dx2 + dx3, 0);
	else if (optimize && dy1 == 0 && dx3 == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d hvcurveto\n",
			dx1, dx2, dy2, dy3);
	else if (optimize && dx1 == 0 && dy3 == 0)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d vhcurveto\n",
			dy1, dx2, dy2, dx3);
	else
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d %d %d rrcurveto\n",
			dx1, dy1, dx2, dy2, dx3, dy3);
}

void
closepath(void)
{
	fprintf(pfa_file, "closepath\n");
}

/*
 * Many of the path processing routines exist (or will exist) in
 * both floating-point and integer version. Fimally most of the
 * processing will go in floating point and the integer processing
 * will become legacy.
 * The names of floating routines start with f, names of integer 
 * routines start with i, and those old routines existing in one 
 * version only have no such prefix at all.
 */

/*
** Routine that checks integrity of the path, for debugging
*/

void
assertpath(
	   GENTRY * from,
	   char *file,
	   int line,
	   char *name
)
{
	GENTRY         *first, *pe, *ge;
	int	isfloat;

	if(from==0)
		return;
	isfloat = (from->flags & GEF_FLOAT);
	pe = from->prev;
	for (ge = from; ge != 0; pe = ge, ge = ge->next) {
		if( (ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ^ isfloat ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
			fprintf(stderr, "float flag changes from %s to %s at 0x%p (type %c, prev type %c)\n",
				(isfloat ? "TRUE" : "FALSE"), (isfloat ? "FALSE" : "TRUE"), ge, ge->type, pe->type);
			abort();
		}
		if (pe != ge->prev) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
			fprintf(stderr, "unidirectional chain 0x%x -next-> 0x%x -prev-> 0x%x \n",
				pe, ge, ge->prev);
			abort();
		}

		switch(ge->type) {
		case GE_MOVE:
			break;
		case GE_PATH:
			if (ge->prev == 0) {
				fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
				fprintf(stderr, "empty path at 0x%x \n", ge);
				abort();
			}
			break;
		case GE_LINE:
		case GE_CURVE:
			if(ge->frwd->bkwd != ge) {
				fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
				fprintf(stderr, "unidirectional chain 0x%x -frwd-> 0x%x -bkwd-> 0x%x \n",
					ge, ge->frwd, ge->frwd->bkwd);
				abort();
			}
			if(ge->prev->type == GE_MOVE) {
				first = ge;
				if(ge->bkwd->next->type != GE_PATH) {
					fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
					fprintf(stderr, "broken first backlink 0x%x -bkwd-> 0x%x -next-> 0x%x \n",
						ge, ge->bkwd, ge->bkwd->next);
					abort();
				}
			}
			if(ge->next->type == GE_PATH) {
				if(ge->frwd != first) {
					fprintf(stderr, "**! assertpath: called from %s line %d (%s) ****\n", file, line, name);
					fprintf(stderr, "broken loop 0x%x -...-> 0x%x -frwd-> 0x%x \n",
						first, ge, ge->frwd);
					abort();
				}
			}
			break;
		}

	}
}

void
assertisfloat(
	GLYPH *g,
	char *msg
)
{
	if( !(g->flags & GF_FLOAT) ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyph %s is not float: %s\n", g->name, msg);
		abort();
	}
	if(g->lastentry) {
		if( !(g->lastentry->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyphs %s last entry is int: %s\n", g->name, msg);
			abort();
		}
	}
}

void
assertisint(
	GLYPH *g,
	char *msg
)
{
	if( (g->flags & GF_FLOAT) ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyph %s is not int: %s\n", g->name, msg);
		abort();
	}
	if(g->lastentry) {
		if( (g->lastentry->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyphs %s last entry is float: %s\n", g->name, msg);
			abort();
		}
	}
}


/*
 * Routines to save the generated data about glyph
 */

void
fg_rmoveto(
	  GLYPH * g,
	  double x,
	  double y)
{
	GENTRY         *oge;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: f rmoveto(%g, %g)\n", g->name, x, y);

	assertisfloat(g, "adding float MOVE");

	if ((oge = g->lastentry) != 0) {
		if (oge->type == GE_MOVE) {	/* just eat up the first move */
			oge->fx3 = x;
			oge->fy3 = y;
		} else if (oge->type == GE_LINE || oge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: MOVE in middle of path\n", g->name);
		} else {
			GENTRY         *nge;

			nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
			nge->type = GE_MOVE;
			nge->fx3 = x;
			nge->fy3 = y;

			oge->next = nge;
			nge->prev = oge;
			g->lastentry = nge;
		}
	} else {
		GENTRY         *nge;

		nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
		nge->type = GE_MOVE;
		nge->fx3 = x;
		nge->fy3 = y;
		nge->bkwd = (GENTRY*)&g->entries;
		g->entries = g->lastentry = nge;
	}

	if (0 && ISDBG(BUILDG))
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);
}

void
ig_rmoveto(
	  GLYPH * g,
	  int x,
	  int y)
{
	GENTRY         *oge;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: i rmoveto(%d, %d)\n", g->name, x, y);

	assertisint(g, "adding int MOVE");

	if ((oge = g->lastentry) != 0) {
		if (oge->type == GE_MOVE) {	/* just eat up the first move */
			oge->ix3 = x;
			oge->iy3 = y;
		} else if (oge->type == GE_LINE || oge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: MOVE in middle of path, ignored\n", g->name);
		} else {
			GENTRY         *nge;

			nge = newgentry(0);
			nge->type = GE_MOVE;
			nge->ix3 = x;
			nge->iy3 = y;

			oge->next = nge;
			nge->prev = oge;
			g->lastentry = nge;
		}
	} else {
		GENTRY         *nge;

		nge = newgentry(0);
		nge->type = GE_MOVE;
		nge->ix3 = x;
		nge->iy3 = y;
		nge->bkwd = (GENTRY*)&g->entries;
		g->entries = g->lastentry = nge;
	}

}

void
fg_rlineto(
	  GLYPH * g,
	  double x,
	  double y)
{
	GENTRY         *oge, *nge;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: f rlineto(%g, %g)\n", g->name, x, y);

	assertisfloat(g, "adding float LINE");

	nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
	nge->type = GE_LINE;
	nge->fx3 = x;
	nge->fy3 = y;

	if ((oge = g->lastentry) != 0) {
		if (x == oge->fx3 && y == oge->fy3) {	/* empty line */
			/* ignore it or we will get in troubles later */
			free(nge);
			return;
		}
		if (g->path == 0) {
			g->path = nge;
			nge->bkwd = nge->frwd = nge;
		} else {
			oge->frwd = nge;
			nge->bkwd = oge;
			g->path->bkwd = nge;
			nge->frwd = g->path;
		}

		oge->next = nge;
		nge->prev = oge;
		g->lastentry = nge;
	} else {
		WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: LINE outside of path\n", g->name);
		free(nge);
	}

	if (0 && ISDBG(BUILDG))
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);
}

void
ig_rlineto(
	  GLYPH * g,
	  int x,
	  int y)
{
	GENTRY         *oge, *nge;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: i rlineto(%d, %d)\n", g->name, x, y);

	assertisint(g, "adding int LINE");

	nge = newgentry(0);
	nge->type = GE_LINE;
	nge->ix3 = x;
	nge->iy3 = y;

	if ((oge = g->lastentry) != 0) {
		if (x == oge->ix3 && y == oge->iy3) {	/* empty line */
			/* ignore it or we will get in troubles later */
			free(nge);
			return;
		}
		if (g->path == 0) {
			g->path = nge;
			nge->bkwd = nge->frwd = nge;
		} else {
			oge->frwd = nge;
			nge->bkwd = oge;
			g->path->bkwd = nge;
			nge->frwd = g->path;
		}

		oge->next = nge;
		nge->prev = oge;
		g->lastentry = nge;
	} else {
		WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: LINE outside of path\n", g->name);
		free(nge);
	}

}

void
fg_rrcurveto(
	    GLYPH * g,
	    double x1,
	    double y1,
	    double x2,
	    double y2,
	    double x3,
	    double y3)
{
	GENTRY         *oge, *nge;

	oge = g->lastentry;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: f rrcurveto(%g, %g, %g, %g, %g, %g)\n"
			,g->name, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);

	assertisfloat(g, "adding float CURVE");

	if (oge && oge->fx3 == x1 && x1 == x2 && x2 == x3)	/* check if it's
								 * actually a line */
		fg_rlineto(g, x1, y3);
	else if (oge && oge->fy3 == y1 && y1 == y2 && y2 == y3)
		fg_rlineto(g, x3, y1);
	else {
		nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
		nge->type = GE_CURVE;
		nge->fx1 = x1;
		nge->fy1 = y1;
		nge->fx2 = x2;
		nge->fy2 = y2;
		nge->fx3 = x3;
		nge->fy3 = y3;

		if (oge != 0) {
			if (x3 == oge->fx3 && y3 == oge->fy3) {
				free(nge);	/* consider this curve empty */
				/* ignore it or we will get in troubles later */
				return;
			}
			if (g->path == 0) {
				g->path = nge;
				nge->bkwd = nge->frwd = nge;
			} else {
				oge->frwd = nge;
				nge->bkwd = oge;
				g->path->bkwd = nge;
				nge->frwd = g->path;
			}

			oge->next = nge;
			nge->prev = oge;
			g->lastentry = nge;
		} else {
			WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: CURVE outside of path\n", g->name);
			free(nge);
		}
	}

	if (0 && ISDBG(BUILDG))
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);
}

void
ig_rrcurveto(
	    GLYPH * g,
	    int x1,
	    int y1,
	    int x2,
	    int y2,
	    int x3,
	    int y3)
{
	GENTRY         *oge, *nge;

	oge = g->lastentry;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: i rrcurveto(%d, %d, %d, %d, %d, %d)\n"
			,g->name, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3);

	assertisint(g, "adding int CURVE");

	if (oge && oge->ix3 == x1 && x1 == x2 && x2 == x3)	/* check if it's
								 * actually a line */
		ig_rlineto(g, x1, y3);
	else if (oge && oge->iy3 == y1 && y1 == y2 && y2 == y3)
		ig_rlineto(g, x3, y1);
	else {
		nge = newgentry(0);
		nge->type = GE_CURVE;
		nge->ix1 = x1;
		nge->iy1 = y1;
		nge->ix2 = x2;
		nge->iy2 = y2;
		nge->ix3 = x3;
		nge->iy3 = y3;

		if (oge != 0) {
			if (x3 == oge->ix3 && y3 == oge->iy3) {
				free(nge);	/* consider this curve empty */
				/* ignore it or we will get in troubles later */
				return;
			}
			if (g->path == 0) {
				g->path = nge;
				nge->bkwd = nge->frwd = nge;
			} else {
				oge->frwd = nge;
				nge->bkwd = oge;
				g->path->bkwd = nge;
				nge->frwd = g->path;
			}

			oge->next = nge;
			nge->prev = oge;
			g->lastentry = nge;
		} else {
			WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: CURVE outside of path\n", g->name);
			free(nge);
		}
	}
}

void
g_closepath(
	    GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *oge, *nge;

	if (ISDBG(BUILDG))
		fprintf(stderr, "%s: closepath\n", g->name);

	oge = g->lastentry;

	if (g->path == 0) {
		WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Warning: **** closepath on empty path in glyph \"%s\" ****\n",
			g->name);
		if (oge == 0) {
			WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "No previois entry\n");
		} else {
			WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Previous entry type: %c\n", oge->type);
			if (oge->type == GE_MOVE) {
				g->lastentry = oge->prev;
				if (oge->prev == 0)
					g->entries = 0;
				else
					g->lastentry->next = 0;
				free(oge);
			}
		}
		return;
	}

	nge = newgentry(oge->flags & GEF_FLOAT); /* keep the same type */
	nge->type = GE_PATH;

	g->path = 0;

	oge->next = nge;
	nge->prev = oge;
	g->lastentry = nge;

	if (0 && ISDBG(BUILDG))
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);
}

/*
 * * SB * Routines to smooth and fix the glyphs
 */

/*
** we don't want to see the curves with coinciding middle and
** outer points
*/

static void
fixcvends(
	  GENTRY * ge
)
{
	int             dx, dy;
	int             x0, y0, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3;

	if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
		return;

	if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! fixcvends(0x%x) on floating entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	x0 = ge->prev->ix3;
	y0 = ge->prev->iy3;
	x1 = ge->ix1;
	y1 = ge->iy1;
	x2 = ge->ix2;
	y2 = ge->iy2;
	x3 = ge->ix3;
	y3 = ge->iy3;


	/* look at the start of the curve */
	if (x1 == x0 && y1 == y0) {
		dx = x2 - x1;
		dy = y2 - y1;

		if (dx == 0 && dy == 0
		    || x2 == x3 && y2 == y3) {
			/* Oops, we actually have a straight line */
			/*
			 * if it's small, we hope that it will get optimized
			 * later
			 */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) <= 2 || abs(y3 - y0) <= 2) {
				ge->ix1 = x3;
				ge->iy1 = y3;
				ge->ix2 = x0;
				ge->iy2 = y0;
			} else {/* just make it a line */
				ge->type = GE_LINE;
			}
		} else {
			if (abs(dx) < 4 && abs(dy) < 4) {	/* consider it very
								 * small */
				ge->ix1 = x2;
				ge->iy1 = y2;
			} else if (abs(dx) < 8 && abs(dy) < 8) {	/* consider it small */
				ge->ix1 += dx / 2;
				ge->iy1 += dy / 2;
			} else {
				ge->ix1 += dx / 4;
				ge->iy1 += dy / 4;
			}
			/* make sure that it's still on the same side */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(dy) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(dx)) {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(ge->iy1 - y0) > abs(y3 - y0) * abs(ge->ix1 - x0))
					ge->ix1 += isign(dx);
			} else {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(ge->iy1 - y0) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(ge->ix1 - x0))
					ge->iy1 += isign(dy);
			}

			ge->ix2 += (x3 - x2) / 8;
			ge->iy2 += (y3 - y2) / 8;
			/* make sure that it's still on the same side */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y3 - y2) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x3 - x2)) {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y3 - ge->iy2) > abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x3 - ge->ix2))
					ge->iy1 -= isign(y3 - y2);
			} else {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y3 - ge->iy2) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x3 - ge->ix2))
					ge->ix1 -= isign(x3 - x2);
			}

		}
	} else if (x2 == x3 && y2 == y3) {
		dx = x1 - x2;
		dy = y1 - y2;

		if (dx == 0 && dy == 0) {
			/* Oops, we actually have a straight line */
			/*
			 * if it's small, we hope that it will get optimized
			 * later
			 */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) <= 2 || abs(y3 - y0) <= 2) {
				ge->ix1 = x3;
				ge->iy1 = y3;
				ge->ix2 = x0;
				ge->iy2 = y0;
			} else {/* just make it a line */
				ge->type = GE_LINE;
			}
		} else {
			if (abs(dx) < 4 && abs(dy) < 4) {	/* consider it very
								 * small */
				ge->ix2 = x1;
				ge->iy2 = y1;
			} else if (abs(dx) < 8 && abs(dy) < 8) {	/* consider it small */
				ge->ix2 += dx / 2;
				ge->iy2 += dy / 2;
			} else {
				ge->ix2 += dx / 4;
				ge->iy2 += dy / 4;
			}
			/* make sure that it's still on the same side */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(dy) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(dx)) {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(ge->iy2 - y3) > abs(y3 - y0) * abs(ge->ix2 - x3))
					ge->ix2 += isign(dx);
			} else {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(ge->iy2 - y3) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(ge->ix2 - x3))
					ge->iy2 += isign(dy);
			}

			ge->ix1 += (x0 - x1) / 8;
			ge->iy1 += (y0 - y1) / 8;
			/* make sure that it's still on the same side */
			if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y0 - y1) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x0 - x1)) {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y0 - ge->iy1) > abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x0 - ge->ix1))
					ge->iy1 -= isign(y0 - y1);
			} else {
				if (abs(x3 - x0) * abs(y0 - ge->iy1) < abs(y3 - y0) * abs(x0 - ge->ix1))
					ge->ix1 -= isign(x0 - x1);
			}

		}
	}
}

/*
** After transformations we want to make sure that the resulting
** curve is going in the same quadrant as the original one,
** because rounding errors introduced during transformations
** may make the result completeley wrong.
**
** `dir' argument describes the direction of the original curve,
** it is the superposition of two values for the front and
** rear ends of curve:
**
** >EQUAL - goes over the line connecting the ends
** =EQUAL - coincides with the line connecting the ends
** <EQUAL - goes under the line connecting the ends
**
** See CVDIR_* for exact definitions.
*/

static void
fixcvdir(
	 GENTRY * ge,
	 int dir
)
{
	int             a, b, c, d;
	double          kk, kk1, kk2;
	int             changed;
	int             fdir, rdir;

	if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! fixcvdir(0x%x) on floating entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	fdir = (dir & CVDIR_FRONT) - CVDIR_FEQUAL;
	if ((dir & CVDIR_REAR) == CVDIR_RSAME)
		rdir = fdir; /* we need only isign, exact value doesn't matter */
	else
		rdir = (dir & CVDIR_REAR) - CVDIR_REQUAL;

	fixcvends(ge);

	c = isign(ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3);	/* note the direction of
						 * curve */
	d = isign(ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3);

	a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
	b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
	kk = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
	a = ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3;
	b = ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3;
	kk1 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
	a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
	b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
	kk2 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));

	changed = 1;
	while (changed) {
		if (ISDBG(FIXCVDIR)) {
			/* for debugging */
			fprintf(stderr, "fixcvdir %d %d (%d %d %d %d %d %d) %f %f %f\n",
				fdir, rdir,
				ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3,
				ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3,
				ge->ix2 - ge->ix1,
				ge->iy2 - ge->iy1,
				ge->ix3 - ge->ix2,
				ge->iy3 - ge->iy2,
				kk1, kk, kk2);
		}
		changed = 0;

		if (fdir > 0) {
			if (kk1 > kk) {	/* the front end has problems */
				if (c * (ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3) > 0) {
					ge->ix1 -= c;
					changed = 1;
				} if (d * (ge->iy2 - ge->iy1) > 0) {
					ge->iy1 += d;
					changed = 1;
				}
				/* recalculate the coefficients */
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
				a = ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk1 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
			}
		} else if (fdir < 0) {
			if (kk1 < kk) {	/* the front end has problems */
				if (c * (ge->ix2 - ge->ix1) > 0) {
					ge->ix1 += c;
					changed = 1;
				} if (d * (ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3) > 0) {
					ge->iy1 -= d;
					changed = 1;
				}
				/* recalculate the coefficients */
				a = ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk1 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
			}
		}
		if (rdir > 0) {
			if (kk2 < kk) {	/* the rear end has problems */
				if (c * (ge->ix2 - ge->ix1) > 0) {
					ge->ix2 -= c;
					changed = 1;
				} if (d * (ge->iy3 - ge->iy2) > 0) {
					ge->iy2 += d;
					changed = 1;
				}
				/* recalculate the coefficients */
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
				kk2 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
			}
		} else if (rdir < 0) {
			if (kk2 > kk) {	/* the rear end has problems */
				if (c * (ge->ix3 - ge->ix2) > 0) {
					ge->ix2 += c;
					changed = 1;
				} if (d * (ge->iy2 - ge->iy1) > 0) {
					ge->iy2 -= d;
					changed = 1;
				}
				/* recalculate the coefficients */
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
				kk = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
				a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
				b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
				kk2 = fabs(a == 0 ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : ((double) b / (double) a));
			}
		}
	}
	fixcvends(ge);
}

/* Get the directions of ends of curve for further usage */

/* expects that the previous element is also float */

static int
fgetcvdir(
	 GENTRY * ge
)
{
	double          a, b;
	double          k, k1, k2;
	int             dir = 0;

	if( !(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! fgetcvdir(0x%x) on int entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	a = fabs(ge->fy3 - ge->prev->fy3);
	b = fabs(ge->fx3 - ge->prev->fx3);
	k = a < FEPS ? (b < FEPS ? 1. : 100000.) : ( b / a);

	a = fabs(ge->fy1 - ge->prev->fy3);
	b = fabs(ge->fx1 - ge->prev->fx3);
	if(a < FEPS) {
		if(b < FEPS) {
			a = fabs(ge->fy2 - ge->prev->fy3);
			b = fabs(ge->fx2 - ge->prev->fx3);
			k1 = a < FEPS ? (b < FEPS ? k : 100000.) : ( b / a);
		} else
			k1 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k1 = b / a;

	a = fabs(ge->fy3 - ge->fy2);
	b = fabs(ge->fx3 - ge->fx2);
	if(a < FEPS) {
		if(b < FEPS) {
			a = fabs(ge->fy3 - ge->fy1);
			b = fabs(ge->fx3 - ge->fx1);
			k2 = a < FEPS ? (b < FEPS ? k : 100000.) : ( b / a);
		} else
			k2 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k2 = b / a;

	if(fabs(k1-k) < 0.0001)
		dir |= CVDIR_FEQUAL;
	else if (k1 < k)
		dir |= CVDIR_FUP;
	else
		dir |= CVDIR_FDOWN;

	if(fabs(k2-k) < 0.0001)
		dir |= CVDIR_REQUAL;
	else if (k2 > k)
		dir |= CVDIR_RUP;
	else
		dir |= CVDIR_RDOWN;

	return dir;
}


/* expects that the previous element is also int */

static int
igetcvdir(
	 GENTRY * ge
)
{
	int             a, b;
	double          k, k1, k2;
	int             dir = 0;

	if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! igetcvdir(0x%x) on floating entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	a = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
	b = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
	k = (a == 0) ? (b == 0 ? 1. : 100000.) : fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	a = ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3;
	b = ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3;
	if(a == 0) {
		if(b == 0) {
			a = ge->iy2 - ge->prev->iy3;
			b = ge->ix2 - ge->prev->ix3;
			k1 = (a == 0) ? (b == 0 ? k : 100000.) : fabs((double) b / (double) a);
		} else
			k1 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k1 = fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
	b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
	if(a == 0) {
		if(b == 0) {
			a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy1;
			b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix1;
			k2 = (a == 0) ? (b == 0 ? k : 100000.) : fabs((double) b / (double) a);
		} else
			k2 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k2 = fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	if(fabs(k1-k) < 0.0001)
		dir |= CVDIR_FEQUAL;
	else if (k1 < k)
		dir |= CVDIR_FUP;
	else
		dir |= CVDIR_FDOWN;

	if(fabs(k2-k) < 0.0001)
		dir |= CVDIR_REQUAL;
	else if (k2 > k)
		dir |= CVDIR_RUP;
	else
		dir |= CVDIR_RDOWN;

	return dir;
}

#if 0
/* a function just to test the work of fixcvdir() */
static void
testfixcvdir(
	     GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge;
	int             dir;

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			dir = igetcvdir(ge);
			fixcvdir(ge, dir);
		}
	}
}
#endif

static int
iround(
	double val
)
{
	return (int) (val > 0 ? val + 0.5 : val - 0.5);
}
	
/* for debugging - dump the glyph
 * mark with a star the entries from start to end inclusive
 * (start == NULL means don't mark any, end == NULL means to the last)
 */

void
dumppaths(
	GLYPH *g,
	GENTRY *start,
	GENTRY *end
)
{
	GENTRY *ge;
	int i;
	char mark=' ';

	fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s:\n", g->name);

	/* now do the conversion */
	for(ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if(ge == start)
			mark = '*';
		fprintf(stderr, " %c %8x", mark, ge);
		switch(ge->type) {
		case GE_MOVE:
		case GE_LINE:
			if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT)
				fprintf(stderr," %c float (%g, %g)\n", ge->type, ge->fx3, ge->fy3);
			else
				fprintf(stderr," %c int (%d, %d)\n", ge->type, ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			break;
		case GE_CURVE:
			if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
				fprintf(stderr," C float ");
				for(i=0; i<3; i++)
					fprintf(stderr,"(%g, %g) ", ge->fxn[i], ge->fyn[i]);
				fprintf(stderr,"\n");
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr," C int ");
				for(i=0; i<3; i++)
					fprintf(stderr,"(%d, %d) ", ge->ixn[i], ge->iyn[i]);
				fprintf(stderr,"\n");
			}
			break;
		default:
			fprintf(stderr, " %c\n", ge->type);
			break;
		}
		if(ge == end)
			mark = ' ';
	}
}

/*
 * Routine that converts all entries in the path from float to int
 */

void
pathtoint(
	GLYPH *g
)
{
	GENTRY *ge;
	int x[3], y[3];
	int i;


	if(ISDBG(TOINT))
		fprintf(stderr, "TOINT: glyph %s\n", g->name);
	assertisfloat(g, "converting path to int\n");

	fdelsmall(g, 1.0); /* get rid of sub-pixel contours */
	assertpath(g->entries, __FILE__, __LINE__, g->name);

	/* 1st pass, collect the directions of the curves: have
	 * to do that in advance, while everyting is float
	 */
	for(ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if( !(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! glyphs %s has int entry, found in conversion to int\n",
				g->name);
			exit(1);
		}
		if(ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			ge->dir = fgetcvdir(ge);
		}
	}

	/* now do the conversion */
	for(ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		switch(ge->type) {
		case GE_MOVE:
		case GE_LINE:
			if(ISDBG(TOINT))
				fprintf(stderr," %c float x=%g y=%g\n", ge->type, ge->fx3, ge->fy3);
			x[0] = iround(ge->fx3);
			y[0] = iround(ge->fy3);
			for(i=0; i<3; i++) { /* put some valid values everywhere, for convenience */
				ge->ixn[i] = x[0];
				ge->iyn[i] = y[0];
			}
			if(ISDBG(TOINT))
				fprintf(stderr,"   int   x=%d y=%d\n", ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			break;
		case GE_CURVE:
			if(ISDBG(TOINT))
				fprintf(stderr," %c float ", ge->type);

			for(i=0; i<3; i++) {
				if(ISDBG(TOINT))
					fprintf(stderr,"(%g, %g) ", ge->fxn[i], ge->fyn[i]);
				x[i] = iround(ge->fxn[i]);
				y[i] = iround(ge->fyn[i]);
			}

			if(ISDBG(TOINT))
				fprintf(stderr,"\n   int   ");

			for(i=0; i<3; i++) {
				ge->ixn[i] = x[i];
				ge->iyn[i] = y[i];
				if(ISDBG(TOINT))
					fprintf(stderr,"(%d, %d) ", ge->ixn[i], ge->iyn[i]);
			}
			ge->flags &= ~GEF_FLOAT; /* for fixcvdir */
			fixcvdir(ge, ge->dir);

			if(ISDBG(TOINT)) {
				fprintf(stderr,"\n   fixed ");
				for(i=0; i<3; i++)
					fprintf(stderr,"(%d, %d) ", ge->ixn[i], ge->iyn[i]);
				fprintf(stderr,"\n");
			}

			break;
		}
		ge->flags &= ~GEF_FLOAT;
	}
	g->flags &= ~GF_FLOAT;
}


/* check whether we can fix up the curve to change its size by (dx,dy) */
/* 0 means NO, 1 means YES */

/* for float: if scaling would be under 10% */

int
fcheckcv(
	GENTRY * ge,
	double dx,
	double dy
)
{
	if( !(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! fcheckcv(0x%x) on int entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
		return 0;

	if( fabs(ge->fx3 - ge->prev->fx3) < fabs(dx) * 10 )
		return 0;

	if( fabs(ge->fy3 - ge->prev->fy3) < fabs(dy) * 10 )
		return 0;

	return 1;
}

/* for int: if won't create new zigzags at the ends */

int
icheckcv(
	GENTRY * ge,
	int dx,
	int dy
)
{
	int             xdep, ydep;

	if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
		fprintf(stderr, "**! icheckcv(0x%x) on floating entry, ABORT\n", ge);
		abort(); /* dump core */
	}

	if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
		return 0;

	xdep = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
	ydep = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;

	if (ge->type == GE_CURVE
	    && (xdep * (xdep + dx)) > 0
	    && (ydep * (ydep + dy)) > 0) {
		return 1;
	} else
		return 0;
}

/* float connect the ends of open contours */

void
fclosepaths(
	   GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *fge, *xge, *nge;
	int             i;

	assertisfloat(g, "fclosepaths float\n");

	for (xge = g->entries; xge != 0; xge = xge->next) {
		if( xge->type != GE_PATH )
			continue;

		ge = xge->prev;
		if(ge == 0 || ge->type != GE_LINE && ge->type!= GE_CURVE) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyph %s got empty path\n",
				g->name);
			exit(1);
		}

		fge = ge->frwd;
		if (fge->prev == 0 || fge->prev->type != GE_MOVE) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**! Glyph %s got strange beginning of path\n",
				g->name);
			exit(1);
		}
		fge = fge->prev;
		if (fge->fx3 != ge->fx3 || fge->fy3 != ge->fy3) {
			/* we have to fix this open path */

			WARNING_4 fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s got path open by dx=%g dy=%g\n",
			g->name, fge->fx3 - ge->fx3, fge->fy3 - ge->fy3);


			/* add a new line */
			nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
			(*nge) = (*ge);
			nge->fx3 = fge->fx3;
			nge->fy3 = fge->fy3;
			nge->type = GE_LINE;

			addgeafter(ge, nge);

			if (fabs(ge->fx3 - fge->fx3) <= 2 && fabs(ge->fy3 - fge->fy3) <= 2) {
				/*
				 * small change, try to get rid of the new entry
				 */

				double df[2];

				for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
					df[i] = ge->fpoints[i][2] - fge->fpoints[i][2];
					df[i] = fclosegap(nge, nge, i, df[i], NULL);
				}

				if(df[0] == 0. && df[1] == 0.) {
					/* closed gap successfully, remove the added entry */
					freethisge(nge);
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

void
smoothjoints(
	     GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *ne;
	int             dx1, dy1, dx2, dy2, k;
	int             dir;

	return; /* this stuff seems to create problems */

	assertisint(g, "smoothjoints int");

	if (g->entries == 0)	/* nothing to do */
		return;

	for (ge = g->entries->next; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		ne = ge->frwd;

		/*
		 * although there should be no one-line path * and any path
		 * must end with CLOSEPATH, * nobody can say for sure
		 */

		if (ge == ne || ne == 0)
			continue;

		/* now handle various joints */

		if (ge->type == GE_LINE && ne->type == GE_LINE) {
			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
			dx2 = ne->ix3 - ge->ix3;
			dy2 = ne->iy3 - ge->iy3;

			/* check whether they have the same direction */
			/* and the same slope */
			/* then we can join them into one line */

			if (dx1 * dx2 >= 0 && dy1 * dy2 >= 0 && dx1 * dy2 == dy1 * dx2) {
				/* extend the previous line */
				ge->ix3 = ne->ix3;
				ge->iy3 = ne->iy3;

				/* and get rid of the next line */
				freethisge(ne);
			}
		} else if (ge->type == GE_LINE && ne->type == GE_CURVE) {
			fixcvends(ne);

			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
			dx2 = ne->ix1 - ge->ix3;
			dy2 = ne->iy1 - ge->iy3;

			/* if the line is nearly horizontal and we can fix it */
			if (dx1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy1) / abs(dx1) == 0
			    && icheckcv(ne, 0, -dy1)
			    && abs(dy1) <= 4) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ge->iy3 -= dy1;
				ne->iy1 -= dy1;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
				if (ge->next != ne)
					ne->prev->iy3 -= dy1;
				dy1 = 0;
			} else if (dy1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx1) / abs(dy1) == 0
				   && icheckcv(ne, -dx1, 0)
				   && abs(dx1) <= 4) {
				/* the same but vertical */
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ge->ix3 -= dx1;
				ne->ix1 -= dx1;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
				if (ge->next != ne)
					ne->prev->ix3 -= dx1;
				dx1 = 0;
			}
			/*
			 * if line is horizontal and curve begins nearly
			 * horizontally
			 */
			if (dy1 == 0 && dx2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy2) / abs(dx2) == 0) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ne->iy1 -= dy2;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
				dy2 = 0;
			} else if (dx1 == 0 && dy2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx2) / abs(dy2) == 0) {
				/* the same but vertical */
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ne->ix1 -= dx2;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
				dx2 = 0;
			}
		} else if (ge->type == GE_CURVE && ne->type == GE_LINE) {
			fixcvends(ge);

			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
			dx2 = ne->ix3 - ge->ix3;
			dy2 = ne->iy3 - ge->iy3;

			/* if the line is nearly horizontal and we can fix it */
			if (dx2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy2) / abs(dx2) == 0
			    && icheckcv(ge, 0, dy2)
			    && abs(dy2) <= 4) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->iy3 += dy2;
				ge->iy2 += dy2;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				if (ge->next != ne)
					ne->prev->iy3 += dy2;
				dy2 = 0;
			} else if (dy2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx2) / abs(dy2) == 0
				   && icheckcv(ge, dx2, 0)
				   && abs(dx2) <= 4) {
				/* the same but vertical */
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->ix3 += dx2;
				ge->ix2 += dx2;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				if (ge->next != ne)
					ne->prev->ix3 += dx2;
				dx2 = 0;
			}
			/*
			 * if line is horizontal and curve ends nearly
			 * horizontally
			 */
			if (dy2 == 0 && dx1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy1) / abs(dx1) == 0) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->iy2 += dy1;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				dy1 = 0;
			} else if (dx2 == 0 && dy1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx1) / abs(dy1) == 0) {
				/* the same but vertical */
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->ix2 += dx1;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				dx1 = 0;
			}
		} else if (ge->type == GE_CURVE && ne->type == GE_CURVE) {
			fixcvends(ge);
			fixcvends(ne);

			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
			dx2 = ne->ix1 - ge->ix3;
			dy2 = ne->iy1 - ge->iy3;

			/*
			 * check if we have a rather smooth joint at extremal
			 * point
			 */
			/* left or right extremal point */
			if (abs(dx1) <= 4 && abs(dx2) <= 4
			    && dy1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx1) / abs(dy1) == 0
			    && dy2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dx2) / abs(dy2) == 0
			    && (ge->iy3 < ge->prev->iy3 && ne->iy3 < ge->iy3
				|| ge->iy3 > ge->prev->iy3 && ne->iy3 > ge->iy3)
			  && (ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3) * (ne->ix3 - ge->ix3) < 0
				) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->ix2 += dx1;
				dx1 = 0;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ne->ix1 -= dx2;
				dx2 = 0;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
			}
			/* top or down extremal point */
			else if (abs(dy1) <= 4 && abs(dy2) <= 4
				 && dx1 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy1) / abs(dx1) == 0
				 && dx2 != 0 && 5 * abs(dy2) / abs(dx2) == 0
				 && (ge->ix3 < ge->prev->ix3 && ne->ix3 < ge->ix3
				|| ge->ix3 > ge->prev->ix3 && ne->ix3 > ge->ix3)
				 && (ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3) * (ne->iy3 - ge->iy3) < 0
				) {
				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->iy2 += dy1;
				dy1 = 0;
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ne->iy1 -= dy2;
				dy2 = 0;
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
			}
			/* or may be we just have a smooth junction */
			else if (dx1 * dx2 >= 0 && dy1 * dy2 >= 0
				 && 10 * abs(k = abs(dx1 * dy2) - abs(dy1 * dx2)) < (abs(dx1 * dy2) + abs(dy1 * dx2))) {
				int             tries[6][4];
				int             results[6];
				int             i, b;

				/* build array of changes we are going to try */
				/* uninitalized entries are 0 */
				if (k > 0) {
					static int      t1[6][4] = {
						{0, 0, 0, 0},
						{-1, 0, 1, 0},
						{-1, 0, 0, 1},
						{0, -1, 1, 0},
						{0, -1, 0, 1},
					{-1, -1, 1, 1}};
					memcpy(tries, t1, sizeof tries);
				} else {
					static int      t1[6][4] = {
						{0, 0, 0, 0},
						{1, 0, -1, 0},
						{1, 0, 0, -1},
						{0, 1, -1, 0},
						{0, 1, 0, -1},
					{1, 1, -1, -1}};
					memcpy(tries, t1, sizeof tries);
				}

				/* now try the changes */
				results[0] = abs(k);
				for (i = 1; i < 6; i++) {
					results[i] = abs((abs(dx1) + tries[i][0]) * (abs(dy2) + tries[i][1]) -
							 (abs(dy1) + tries[i][2]) * (abs(dx2) + tries[i][3]));
				}

				/* and find the best try */
				k = abs(k);
				b = 0;
				for (i = 1; i < 6; i++)
					if (results[i] < k) {
						k = results[i];
						b = i;
					}
				/* and finally apply it */
				if (dx1 < 0)
					tries[b][0] = -tries[b][0];
				if (dy2 < 0)
					tries[b][1] = -tries[b][1];
				if (dy1 < 0)
					tries[b][2] = -tries[b][2];
				if (dx2 < 0)
					tries[b][3] = -tries[b][3];

				dir = igetcvdir(ge);
				ge->ix2 -= tries[b][0];
				ge->iy2 -= tries[b][2];
				fixcvdir(ge, dir);
				dir = igetcvdir(ne);
				ne->ix1 += tries[b][3];
				ne->iy1 += tries[b][1];
				fixcvdir(ne, dir);
			}
		}
	}
}

/* debugging: print out stems of a glyph */
static void
debugstems(
	   char *name,
	   STEM * hstems,
	   int nhs,
	   STEM * vstems,
	   int nvs
)
{
	int             i;

	fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s\n", name);
	fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %d horizontal stems:\n", nhs);
	for (i = 0; i < nhs; i++)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %3d    %d (%d...%d) %c %c%c%c%c\n", i, hstems[i].value,
			hstems[i].from, hstems[i].to,
			((hstems[i].flags & ST_UP) ? 'U' : 'D'),
			((hstems[i].flags & ST_END) ? 'E' : '-'),
			((hstems[i].flags & ST_FLAT) ? 'F' : '-'),
			((hstems[i].flags & ST_ZONE) ? 'Z' : ' '),
			((hstems[i].flags & ST_TOPZONE) ? 'T' : ' '));
	fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %d vertical stems:\n", nvs);
	for (i = 0; i < nvs; i++)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %3d    %d (%d...%d) %c %c%c\n", i, vstems[i].value,
			vstems[i].from, vstems[i].to,
			((vstems[i].flags & ST_UP) ? 'U' : 'D'),
			((vstems[i].flags & ST_END) ? 'E' : '-'),
			((vstems[i].flags & ST_FLAT) ? 'F' : '-'));
}

/* add pseudo-stems for the limits of the Blue zones to the stem array */
static int
addbluestems(
	STEM *s,
	int n
)
{
	int i;

	for(i=0; i<nblues && i<2; i+=2) { /* baseline */
		s[n].value=bluevalues[i];
		s[n].flags=ST_UP|ST_ZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i;
		n++;
		s[n].value=bluevalues[i+1];
		s[n].flags=ST_ZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i+1;
		n++;
	}
	for(i=2; i<nblues; i+=2) { /* top zones */
		s[n].value=bluevalues[i];
		s[n].flags=ST_UP|ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i;
		n++;
		s[n].value=bluevalues[i+1];
		s[n].flags=ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i+1;
		n++;
	}
	for(i=0; i<notherb; i+=2) { /* bottom zones */
		s[n].value=otherblues[i];
		s[n].flags=ST_UP|ST_ZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i+nblues;
		n++;
		s[n].value=otherblues[i+1];
		s[n].flags=ST_ZONE;
		/* don't overlap with anything */
		s[n].origin=s[n].from=s[n].to= -10000+i+1+nblues;
		n++;
	}
	return n;
}

/* sort stems in array */
static void
sortstems(
	  STEM * s,
	  int n
)
{
	int             i, j;
	STEM            x;


	/* a simple sorting */
	/* hm, the ordering criteria are not quite simple :-) 
	 * if the values are tied
	 * ST_UP always goes under not ST_UP
	 * ST_ZONE goes on the most outer side
	 * ST_END goes towards inner side after ST_ZONE
	 * ST_FLAT goes on the inner side
	 */

	for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
		for (j = i + 1; j < n; j++) {
			if(s[i].value < s[j].value)
				continue;
			if(s[i].value == s[j].value) {
				if( (s[i].flags & ST_UP) < (s[j].flags & ST_UP) )
					continue;
				if( (s[i].flags & ST_UP) == (s[j].flags & ST_UP) ) {
					if( s[i].flags & ST_UP ) {
						if(
						(s[i].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_FLAT|ST_END) ^ ST_FLAT)
							>
						(s[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_FLAT|ST_END) ^ ST_FLAT)
						)
							continue;
					} else {
						if(
						(s[i].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_FLAT|ST_END) ^ ST_FLAT)
							<
						(s[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_FLAT|ST_END) ^ ST_FLAT)
						)
							continue;
					}
				}
			}
			x = s[j];
			s[j] = s[i];
			s[i] = x;
		}
}

/* check whether two stem borders overlap */

static int
stemoverlap(
	    STEM * s1,
	    STEM * s2
)
{
	int             result;

	if (s1->from <= s2->from && s1->to >= s2->from
	    || s2->from <= s1->from && s2->to >= s1->from)
		result = 1;
	else
		result = 0;

	if (ISDBG(STEMOVERLAP))
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% overlap %d(%d..%d)x%d(%d..%d)=%d\n",
			s1->value, s1->from, s1->to, s2->value, s2->from, s2->to, result);
	return result;
}

/* 
 * check if the stem [border] is in an appropriate blue zone
 * (currently not used)
 */

static int
steminblue(
	STEM *s
)
{
	int i, val;

	val=s->value;
	if(s->flags & ST_UP) {
		/* painted size up, look at lower zones */
		if(nblues>=2 && val>=bluevalues[0] && val<=bluevalues[1] )
			return 1;
		for(i=0; i<notherb; i++) {
			if( val>=otherblues[i] && val<=otherblues[i+1] )
				return 1;
		}
	} else {
		/* painted side down, look at upper zones */
		for(i=2; i<nblues; i++) {
			if( val>=bluevalues[i] && val<=bluevalues[i+1] )
				return 1;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* mark the outermost stem [borders] in the blue zones */

static void
markbluestems(
	STEM *s,
	int nold
)
{
	int i, j, a, b, c;
	/*
	 * traverse the list of Blue Values, mark the lowest upper
	 * stem in each bottom zone and the topmost lower stem in
	 * each top zone with ST_BLUE
	 */

	/* top zones */
	for(i=2; i<nblues; i+=2) {
		a=bluevalues[i]; b=bluevalues[i+1];
		if(ISDBG(BLUESTEMS))
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%% looking at blue zone %d...%d\n", a, b);
		for(j=nold-1; j>=0; j--) {
			if( s[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_UP|ST_END) )
				continue;
			c=s[j].value;
			if(c<a) /* too low */
				break;
			if(c<=b) { /* found the topmost stem border */
				/* mark all the stems with the same value */
				if(ISDBG(BLUESTEMS))
					fprintf(pfa_file, "%% found D BLUE at %d\n", s[j].value);
				/* include ST_END values */
				while( s[j+1].value==c && (s[j+1].flags & ST_ZONE)==0 )
					j++;
				s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				for(j--; j>=0 && s[j].value==c 
						&& (s[j].flags & (ST_UP|ST_ZONE))==0 ; j--)
					s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	/* baseline */
	if(nblues>=2) {
		a=bluevalues[0]; b=bluevalues[1];
		for(j=0; j<nold; j++) {
			if( (s[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_UP|ST_END))!=ST_UP )
				continue;
			c=s[j].value;
			if(c>b) /* too high */
				break;
			if(c>=a) { /* found the lowest stem border */
				/* mark all the stems with the same value */
				if(ISDBG(BLUESTEMS))
					fprintf(pfa_file, "%% found U BLUE at %d\n", s[j].value);
				/* include ST_END values */
				while( s[j-1].value==c && (s[j-1].flags & ST_ZONE)==0 )
					j--;
				s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				for(j++; j<nold && s[j].value==c
						&& (s[j].flags & (ST_UP|ST_ZONE))==ST_UP ; j++)
					s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	/* bottom zones: the logic is the same as for baseline */
	for(i=0; i<notherb; i+=2) {
		a=otherblues[i]; b=otherblues[i+1];
		for(j=0; j<nold; j++) {
			if( (s[j].flags & (ST_UP|ST_ZONE|ST_END))!=ST_UP )
				continue;
			c=s[j].value;
			if(c>b) /* too high */
				break;
			if(c>=a) { /* found the lowest stem border */
				/* mark all the stems with the same value */
				if(ISDBG(BLUESTEMS))
					fprintf(pfa_file, "%% found U BLUE at %d\n", s[j].value);
				/* include ST_END values */
				while( s[j-1].value==c && (s[j-1].flags & ST_ZONE)==0 )
					j--;
				s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				for(j++; j<nold && s[j].value==c
						&& (s[j].flags & (ST_UP|ST_ZONE))==ST_UP ; j++)
					s[j].flags |= ST_BLUE;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
}

/* Eliminate invalid stems, join equivalent lines and remove nested stems
 * to build the main (non-substituted) set of stems.
 * XXX add consideration of the italic angle
 */
static int
joinmainstems(
	  STEM * s,
	  int nold,
	  int useblues /* do we use the blue values ? */
)
{
#define MAX_STACK	1000
	STEM            stack[MAX_STACK];
	int             nstack = 0;
	int             sbottom = 0;
	int             nnew;
	int             i, j, k;
	int             a, b, c, w1, w2, w3;
	int             fw, fd;
	/*
	 * priority of the last found stem: 
	 * 0 - nothing found yet 
	 * 1 - has ST_END in it (one or more) 
	 * 2 - has no ST_END and no ST_FLAT, can override only one stem 
	 *     with priority 1 
	 * 3 - has no ST_END and at least one ST_FLAT, can override one 
	 *     stem with priority 2 or any number of stems with priority 1
	 * 4 (handled separately) - has ST_BLUE, can override anything
	 */
	int             readystem = 0;
	int             pri;
	int             nlps = 0;	/* number of non-committed
					 * lowest-priority stems */


	for (i = 0, nnew = 0; i < nold; i++) {
		if (s[i].flags & (ST_UP|ST_ZONE)) {
			if(s[i].flags & ST_BLUE) {
				/* we just HAVE to use this value */
				if (readystem)
					nnew += 2;
				readystem=0;

				/* remember the list of Blue zone stems with the same value */
				for(a=i, i++; i<nold && s[a].value==s[i].value
					&& (s[i].flags & ST_BLUE); i++)
					{}
				b=i; /* our range is a <= i < b */
				c= -1; /* index of our best guess up to now */
				pri=0;
				/* try to find a match, don't cross blue zones */
				for(; i<nold && (s[i].flags & ST_BLUE)==0; i++) {
					if(s[i].flags & ST_UP) {
						if(s[i].flags & ST_TOPZONE)
							break;
						else
							continue;
					}
					for(j=a; j<b; j++) {
						if(!stemoverlap(&s[j], &s[i]) )
							continue;
						/* consider priorities */
						if( ( (s[j].flags|s[i].flags) & (ST_FLAT|ST_END) )==ST_FLAT ) {
							c=i;
							goto bluematch;
						}
						if( ((s[j].flags|s[i].flags) & ST_END)==0 )  {
							if(pri < 2) {
								c=i; pri=2;
							}
						} else {
							if(pri == 0) {
								c=i; pri=1;
							}
						}
					}
				}
			bluematch:
				/* clean up the stack */
				nstack=sbottom=0;
				readystem=0;
				/* add this stem */
				s[nnew++]=s[a];
				if(c<0) { /* make one-dot-wide stem */
					if(nnew>=b) { /* have no free space */
						for(j=nold; j>=b; j--) /* make free space */
							s[j]=s[j-1];
						b++;
						nold++;
					}
					s[nnew]=s[a];
					s[nnew].flags &= ~(ST_UP|ST_BLUE);
					nnew++;
					i=b-1;
				} else {
					s[nnew++]=s[c];
					i=c; /* skip up to this point */
				}
				if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
					fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d U BLUE\n",
						s[nnew-2].value, s[nnew-1].value);
			} else {
				if (nstack >= MAX_STACK) {
					WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "Warning: **** converter's stem stack overflow ****\n");
					nstack = 0;
				}
				stack[nstack++] = s[i];
			}
		} else if(s[i].flags & ST_BLUE) {
			/* again, we just HAVE to use this value */
			if (readystem)
				nnew += 2;
			readystem=0;

			/* remember the list of Blue zone stems with the same value */
			for(a=i, i++; i<nold && s[a].value==s[i].value
				&& (s[i].flags & ST_BLUE); i++)
				{}
			b=i; /* our range is a <= i < b */
			c= -1; /* index of our best guess up to now */
			pri=0;
			/* try to find a match */
			for (i = nstack - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
				if( (stack[i].flags & ST_UP)==0 ) {
					if( (stack[i].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE))==ST_ZONE )
						break;
					else
						continue;
				}
				for(j=a; j<b; j++) {
					if(!stemoverlap(&s[j], &stack[i]) )
						continue;
					/* consider priorities */
					if( ( (s[j].flags|stack[i].flags) & (ST_FLAT|ST_END) )==ST_FLAT ) {
						c=i;
						goto bluedownmatch;
					}
					if( ((s[j].flags|stack[i].flags) & ST_END)==0 )  {
						if(pri < 2) {
							c=i; pri=2;
						}
					} else {
						if(pri == 0) {
							c=i; pri=1;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		bluedownmatch:
			/* if found no match make a one-dot-wide stem */
			if(c<0) {
				c=0;
				stack[0]=s[b-1];
				stack[0].flags |= ST_UP;
				stack[0].flags &= ~ST_BLUE;
			}
			/* remove all the stems conflicting with this one */
			readystem=0;
			for(j=nnew-2; j>=0; j-=2) {
				if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
					fprintf(pfa_file, "%% ?stem %d...%d -- %d\n",
						s[j].value, s[j+1].value, stack[c].value);
				if(s[j+1].value < stack[c].value) /* no conflict */
					break;
				if(s[j].flags & ST_BLUE) {
					/* oops, we don't want to spoil other blue zones */
					stack[c].value=s[j+1].value+1;
					break;
				}
				if( (s[j].flags|s[j+1].flags) & ST_END ) {
					if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
						fprintf(pfa_file, "%% -stem %d...%d p=1\n",
							s[j].value, s[j+1].value);
					continue; /* pri==1, silently discard it */
				}
				/* we want to discard no nore than 2 stems of pri>=2 */
				if( ++readystem > 2 ) {
					/* change our stem to not conflict */
					stack[c].value=s[j+1].value+1;
					break;
				} else {
					if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
						fprintf(pfa_file, "%% -stem %d...%d p>=2\n",
							s[j].value, s[j+1].value);
					continue;
				}
			}
			nnew=j+2;
			/* add this stem */
			if(nnew>=b-1) { /* have no free space */
				for(j=nold; j>=b-1; j--) /* make free space */
					s[j]=s[j-1];
				b++;
				nold++;
			}
			s[nnew++]=stack[c];
			s[nnew++]=s[b-1];
			/* clean up the stack */
			nstack=sbottom=0;
			readystem=0;
			/* set the next position to search */
			i=b-1;
			if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d D BLUE\n",
					s[nnew-2].value, s[nnew-1].value);
		} else if (nstack > 0) {

			/*
			 * check whether our stem overlaps with anything in
			 * stack
			 */
			for (j = nstack - 1; j >= sbottom; j--) {
				if (s[i].value <= stack[j].value)
					break;
				if (stack[j].flags & ST_ZONE)
					continue;

				if ((s[i].flags & ST_END)
				    || (stack[j].flags & ST_END))
					pri = 1;
				else if ((s[i].flags & ST_FLAT)
					 || (stack[j].flags & ST_FLAT))
					pri = 3;
				else
					pri = 2;

				if (pri < readystem && s[nnew + 1].value >= stack[j].value
				    || !stemoverlap(&stack[j], &s[i]))
					continue;

				if (readystem > 1 && s[nnew + 1].value < stack[j].value) {
					nnew += 2;
					readystem = 0;
					nlps = 0;
				}
				/*
				 * width of the previous stem (if it's
				 * present)
				 */
				w1 = s[nnew + 1].value - s[nnew].value;

				/* width of this stem */
				w2 = s[i].value - stack[j].value;

				if (readystem == 0) {
					/* nothing yet, just add a new stem */
					s[nnew] = stack[j];
					s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
					readystem = pri;
					if (pri == 1)
						nlps = 1;
					else if (pri == 2)
						sbottom = j;
					else {
						sbottom = j + 1;
						while (sbottom < nstack
						       && stack[sbottom].value <= stack[j].value)
							sbottom++;
					}
					if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
						fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
							stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
				} else if (pri == 1) {
					if (stack[j].value > s[nnew + 1].value) {
						/*
						 * doesn't overlap with the
						 * previous one
						 */
						nnew += 2;
						nlps++;
						s[nnew] = stack[j];
						s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
								stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
					} else if (w2 < w1) {
						/* is narrower */
						s[nnew] = stack[j];
						s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% /stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d %d->%d\n",
								stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps, w1, w2);
					}
				} else if (pri == 2) {
					if (readystem == 2) {
						/* choose the narrower stem */
						if (w1 > w2) {
							s[nnew] = stack[j];
							s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
							sbottom = j;
							if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
								fprintf(pfa_file, "%% /stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
									stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
						}
						/* else readystem==1 */
					} else if (stack[j].value > s[nnew + 1].value) {
						/*
						 * value doesn't overlap with
						 * the previous one
						 */
						nnew += 2;
						nlps = 0;
						s[nnew] = stack[j];
						s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
						sbottom = j;
						readystem = pri;
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
								stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
					} else if (nlps == 1
						   || stack[j].value > s[nnew - 1].value) {
						/*
						 * we can replace the top
						 * stem
						 */
						nlps = 0;
						s[nnew] = stack[j];
						s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
						readystem = pri;
						sbottom = j;
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% /stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
								stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
					}
				} else if (readystem == 3) {	/* that means also
								 * pri==3 */
					/* choose the narrower stem */
					if (w1 > w2) {
						s[nnew] = stack[j];
						s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
						sbottom = j + 1;
						while (sbottom < nstack
						       && stack[sbottom].value <= stack[j].value)
							sbottom++;
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% /stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
								stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
					}
				} else if (pri == 3) {
					/*
					 * we can replace as many stems as
					 * neccessary
					 */
					nnew += 2;
					while (nnew > 0 && s[nnew - 1].value >= stack[j].value) {
						nnew -= 2;
						if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
							fprintf(pfa_file, "%% -stem %d..%d\n",
								s[nnew].value, s[nnew + 1].value);
					}
					nlps = 0;
					s[nnew] = stack[j];
					s[nnew + 1] = s[i];
					readystem = pri;
					sbottom = j + 1;
					while (sbottom < nstack
					       && stack[sbottom].value <= stack[j].value)
						sbottom++;
					if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
						fprintf(pfa_file, "%% +stem %d...%d p=%d n=%d\n",
							stack[j].value, s[i].value, pri, nlps);
				}
			}
		}
	}
	if (readystem)
		nnew += 2;

	/* change the 1-pixel-wide stems to 20-pixel-wide stems if possible 
	 * the constant 20 is recommended in the Type1 manual 
	 */
	if(useblues) {
		for(i=0; i<nnew; i+=2) {
			if(s[i].value != s[i+1].value)
				continue;
			if( ((s[i].flags ^ s[i+1].flags) & ST_BLUE)==0 )
				continue;
			if( s[i].flags & ST_BLUE ) {
				if(nnew>i+2 && s[i+2].value<s[i].value+22)
					s[i+1].value=s[i+2].value-2; /* compensate for fuzziness */
				else
					s[i+1].value+=20;
			} else {
				if(i>0 && s[i-1].value>s[i].value-22)
					s[i].value=s[i-1].value+2; /* compensate for fuzziness */
				else
					s[i].value-=20;
			}
		}
	}
	/* make sure that no stem it stretched between
	 * a top zone and a bottom zone
	 */
	if(useblues) {
		for(i=0; i<nnew; i+=2) {
			a=10000; /* lowest border of top zone crosing the stem */
			b= -10000; /* highest border of bottom zone crossing the stem */

			for(j=2; j<nblues; j++) {
				c=bluevalues[j];
				if( c>=s[i].value && c<=s[i+1].value && c<a )
					a=c;
			}
			if(nblues>=2) {
				c=bluevalues[1];
				if( c>=s[i].value && c<=s[i+1].value && c>b )
					b=c;
			}
			for(j=1; j<notherb; j++) {
				c=otherblues[j];
				if( c>=s[i].value && c<=s[i+1].value && c>b )
					b=c;
			}
			if( a!=10000 && b!= -10000 ) { /* it is stretched */
				/* split the stem into 2 ghost stems */
				for(j=nnew+1; j>i+1; j--) /* make free space */
					s[j]=s[j-2];
				nnew+=2;

				if(s[i].value+22 >= a)
					s[i+1].value=a-2; /* leave space for fuzziness */
				else
					s[i+1].value=s[i].value+20;

				if(s[i+3].value-22 <= b)
					s[i+2].value=b+2; /* leave space for fuzziness */
				else
					s[i+2].value=s[i+3].value-20;

				i+=2;
			}
		}
	}
	/* look for triple stems */
	for (i = 0; i < nnew; i += 2) {
		if (nnew - i >= 6) {
			a = s[i].value + s[i + 1].value;
			b = s[i + 2].value + s[i + 3].value;
			c = s[i + 4].value + s[i + 5].value;

			w1 = s[i + 1].value - s[i].value;
			w2 = s[i + 3].value - s[i + 2].value;
			w3 = s[i + 5].value - s[i + 4].value;

			fw = w3 - w1;	/* fuzz in width */
			fd = ((c - b) - (b - a));	/* fuzz in distance
							 * (doubled) */

			/* we are able to handle some fuzz */
			/*
			 * it doesn't hurt if the declared stem is a bit
			 * narrower than actual unless it's an edge in
			 * a blue zone
			 */
			if (abs(abs(fd) - abs(fw)) * 5 < w2
			    && abs(fw) * 20 < (w1 + w3)) {	/* width dirrerence <10% */

				if(useblues) { /* check that we don't disturb any blue stems */
					j=c; k=a;
					if (fw > 0) {
						if (fd > 0) {
							if( s[i+5].flags & ST_BLUE )
								continue;
							j -= fw;
						} else {
							if( s[i+4].flags & ST_BLUE )
								continue;
							j += fw;
						}
					} else if(fw < 0) {
						if (fd > 0) {
							if( s[i+1].flags & ST_BLUE )
								continue;
							k -= fw;
						} else {
							if( s[i].flags & ST_BLUE )
								continue;
							k += fw;
						}
					}
					pri = ((j - b) - (b - k));

					if (pri > 0) {
						if( s[i+2].flags & ST_BLUE )
							continue;
					} else if(pri < 0) {
						if( s[i+3].flags & ST_BLUE )
							continue;
					}
				}

				/*
				 * first fix up the width of 1st and 3rd
				 * stems
				 */
				if (fw > 0) {
					if (fd > 0) {
						s[i + 5].value -= fw;
						c -= fw;
					} else {
						s[i + 4].value += fw;
						c += fw;
					}
				} else {
					if (fd > 0) {
						s[i + 1].value -= fw;
						a -= fw;
					} else {
						s[i].value += fw;
						a += fw;
					}
				}
				fd = ((c - b) - (b - a));

				if (fd > 0) {
					s[i + 2].value += abs(fd) / 2;
				} else {
					s[i + 3].value -= abs(fd) / 2;
				}

				s[i].flags |= ST_3;
				i += 4;
			}
		}
	}

	return (nnew & ~1);	/* number of lines must be always even */
}

/*
 * these macros and function allow to set the base stem,
 * check that it's not empty and subtract another stem
 * from the base stem (possibly dividing it into multiple parts)
 */

/* pairs for pieces of the base stem */
static short xbstem[MAX_STEMS*2]; 
/* index of the last point */
static int xblast= -1; 

#define setbasestem(from, to) \
	(xbstem[0]=from, xbstem[1]=to, xblast=1)
#define isbaseempty()	(xblast<=0)

/* returns 1 if was overlapping, 0 otherwise */
static int
subfrombase(
	int from,
	int to
) 
{
	int a, b;
	int i, j;

	if(isbaseempty())
		return 0;

	/* handle the simple case simply */
	if(from > xbstem[xblast] || to < xbstem[0])
		return 0;

	/* the binary search may be more efficient */
	/* but for now the linear search is OK */
	for(b=1; from > xbstem[b]; b+=2) {} /* result: from <= xbstem[b] */
	for(a=xblast-1; to < xbstem[a]; a-=2) {} /* result: to >= xbstem[a] */

	/* now the interesting examples are:
	 * (it was hard for me to understand, so I looked at the examples)
	 * 1
	 *     a|-----|          |-----|b   |-----|     |-----|
	 *              f|-----|t
	 * 2
	 *     a|-----|b         |-----|    |-----|     |-----|
	 *      f|--|t
	 * 3
	 *     a|-----|b         |-----|    |-----|     |-----|
	 *           f|-----|t
	 * 4
	 *      |-----|b        a|-----|    |-----|     |-----|
	 *          f|------------|t
	 * 5
	 *      |-----|          |-----|b   |-----|    a|-----|
	 *                   f|-----------------------------|t
	 * 6
	 *      |-----|b         |-----|    |-----|    a|-----|
	 *   f|--------------------------------------------------|t
	 * 7
	 *      |-----|b         |-----|   a|-----|     |-----|
	 *          f|--------------------------|t
	 */

	if(a < b-1) /* hits a gap  - example 1 */
		return 0;

	/* now the subtraction itself */

	if(a==b-1 && from > xbstem[a] && to < xbstem[b]) {
		/* overlaps with only one subrange and splits it - example 2 */
		j=xblast; i=(xblast+=2);
		while(j>=b)
			xbstem[i--]=xbstem[j--];
		xbstem[b]=from-1;
		xbstem[b+1]=to+1;
		return 1;
	/* becomes
	 * 2a
	 *     a|b   ||          |-----|    |-----|     |-----|
	 *      f|--|t
	 */
	}

	if(xbstem[b-1] < from) {
		/* cuts the back of this subrange - examples 3, 4, 7 */
		xbstem[b] = from-1;
		b+=2;
	/* becomes
	 * 3a
	 *     a|----|           |-----|b   |-----|     |-----|
	 *           f|-----|t
	 * 4a
	 *      |---|           a|-----|b   |-----|     |-----|
	 *          f|------------|t
	 * 7a
	 *      |---|            |-----|b  a|-----|     |-----|
	 *          f|--------------------------|t
	 */
	}

	if(xbstem[a+1] > to) {
		/* cuts the front of this subrange - examples 4a, 5, 7a */
		xbstem[a] = to+1;
		a-=2;
	/* becomes
	 * 4b
	 *     a|---|              |---|b   |-----|     |-----|
	 *          f|------------|t
	 * 5b
	 *      |-----|          |-----|b  a|-----|          ||
	 *                   f|-----------------------------|t
	 * 7b
	 *      |---|           a|-----|b        ||     |-----|
	 *          f|--------------------------|t
	 */
	}

	if(a < b-1) /* now after modification it hits a gap - examples 3a, 4b */
		return 1; /* because we have removed something */

	/* now remove the subranges completely covered by the new stem */
	/* examples 5b, 6, 7b */
	i=b-1; j=a+2;
	/* positioned as:
	 * 5b                    i                           j
	 *      |-----|          |-----|b  a|-----|          ||
	 *                   f|-----------------------------|t
	 * 6    i                                             xblast  j
	 *      |-----|b         |-----|    |-----|    a|-----|
	 *   f|--------------------------------------------------|t
	 * 7b                    i               j
	 *      |---|           a|-----|b        ||     |-----|
	 *          f|--------------------------|t
	 */
	while(j <= xblast)
		xbstem[i++]=xbstem[j++];
	xblast=i-1;
	return 1;
}

/* for debugging */
static void
printbasestem(void)
{
	int i;

	printf("( ");
	for(i=0; i<xblast; i+=2)
		printf("%d-%d ", xbstem[i], xbstem[i+1]);
	printf(") %d\n", xblast);
}

/*
 * Join the stem borders to build the sets of substituted stems
 * XXX add consideration of the italic angle
 */
static void
joinsubstems(
	  STEM * s,
	  short *pairs,
	  int nold,
	  int useblues /* do we use the blue values ? */
)
{
	int i, j, x;
	static unsigned char mx[MAX_STEMS][MAX_STEMS];

	/* we do the substituted groups of stems first
	 * and it looks like it's going to be REALLY SLOW 
	 * AND PAINFUL but let's bother about it later
	 */

	/* for the substituted stems we don't bother about [hv]stem3 -
	 * anyway the X11R6 rasterizer does not bother about hstem3
	 * at all and is able to handle only one global vstem3
	 * per glyph 
	 */

	/* clean the used part of matrix */
	for(i=0; i<nold; i++)
		for(j=0; j<nold; j++)
			mx[i][j]=0;

	/* build the matrix of stem pairs */
	for(i=0; i<nold; i++) {
		if( s[i].flags & ST_ZONE )
			continue;
		if(s[i].flags & ST_BLUE)
			mx[i][i]=1; /* allow to pair with itself if no better pair */
		if(s[i].flags & ST_UP) { /* the down-stems are already matched */
			setbasestem(s[i].from, s[i].to);
			for(j=i+1; j<nold; j++) {
				if(s[i].value==s[j].value
				|| s[j].flags & ST_ZONE ) {
					continue;
				}
				x=subfrombase(s[j].from, s[j].to);

				if(s[j].flags & ST_UP) /* match only up+down pairs */
					continue;

				mx[i][j]=mx[j][i]=x;

				if(isbaseempty()) /* nothing else to do */
					break;
			}
		}
	}

	if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS)) {
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%%     ");
		for(j=0; j<nold; j++)
			putc( j%10==0 ? '0'+(j/10)%10 : ' ', pfa_file);
		fprintf(pfa_file, "\n%%     ");
		for(j=0; j<nold; j++)
			putc('0'+j%10, pfa_file);
		putc('\n', pfa_file);
		for(i=0; i<nold; i++) {
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %3d ",i);
			for(j=0; j<nold; j++)
				putc( mx[i][j] ? 'X' : '.', pfa_file);
			putc('\n', pfa_file);
		}
	}

	/* now use the matrix to find the best pair for each stem */
	for(i=0; i<nold; i++) {
		int pri, lastpri, v, f;

		x= -1; /* best pair: none */
		lastpri=0;

		v=s[i].value;
		f=s[i].flags;

		if(f & ST_ZONE) {
			pairs[i]= -1;
			continue;
		}

		if(f & ST_UP) {
			for(j=i+1; j<nold; j++) {
				if(mx[i][j]==0)
					continue;

				if( (f | s[j].flags) & ST_END )
					pri=1;
				else if( (f | s[j].flags) & ST_FLAT )
					pri=3;
				else
					pri=2;

				if(lastpri==0
				|| pri > lastpri  
				&& ( lastpri==1 || s[j].value-v<20 || (s[x].value-v)*2 >= s[j].value-v ) ) {
					lastpri=pri;
					x=j;
				}
			}
		} else {
			for(j=i-1; j>=0; j--) {
				if(mx[i][j]==0)
					continue;

				if( (f | s[j].flags) & ST_END )
					pri=1;
				else if( (f | s[j].flags) & ST_FLAT )
					pri=3;
				else
					pri=2;

				if(lastpri==0
				|| pri > lastpri  
				&& ( lastpri==1 || v-s[j].value<20 || (v-s[x].value)*2 >= v-s[j].value ) ) {
					lastpri=pri;
					x=j;
				}
			}
		}
		if(x== -1 && mx[i][i])
			pairs[i]=i; /* a special case */
		else
			pairs[i]=x;
	}

	if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS)) {
		for(i=0; i<nold; i++) {
			j=pairs[i];
			if(j>0)
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %d...%d  (%d x %d)\n", s[i].value, s[j].value, i, j);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Make all the stems originating at the same value get the
 * same width. Without this the rasterizer may move the dots
 * randomly up or down by one pixel, and that looks bad.
 * The prioritisation is the same as in findstemat().
 */
static void
uniformstems(
	  STEM * s,
	  short *pairs,
	  int ns
)
{
	int i, j, from, to, val, dir;
	int pri, prevpri[2], wd, prevwd[2], prevbest[2];

	for(from=0; from<ns; from=to) {
		prevpri[0] = prevpri[1] = 0;
		prevwd[0] = prevwd[1] = 0;
		prevbest[0] = prevbest[1] = -1;
		val = s[from].value;

		for(to = from; to<ns && s[to].value == val; to++) {
			dir = ((s[to].flags & ST_UP)!=0);

			i=pairs[to]; /* the other side of this stem */
			if(i<0 || i==to)
				continue; /* oops, no other side */
			wd=abs(s[i].value-val);
			if(wd == 0)
				continue;
			pri=1;
			if( (s[to].flags | s[i].flags) & ST_END )
				pri=0;
			if( prevbest[dir] == -1 || pri > prevpri[dir] || wd<prevwd[dir] ) {
				prevbest[dir]=i;
				prevpri[dir]=pri;
				prevwd[dir]=wd;
			}
		}

		for(i=from; i<to; i++) {
			dir = ((s[i].flags & ST_UP)!=0);
			if(prevbest[dir] >= 0) {
				if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS)) {
					fprintf(stderr, "at %d (%s %d) pair %d->%d(%d)\n", i, 
						(dir ? "UP":"DOWN"), s[i].value, pairs[i], prevbest[dir],
						s[prevbest[dir]].value);
				}
				pairs[i] = prevbest[dir];
			}
		}
	}
}

/* 
 * Find the best stem in the array at the specified (value, origin),
 * related to the entry ge.
 * Returns its index in the array sp, -1 means "none".
 * prevbest is the result for the other end of the line, we must 
 * find something better than it or leave it as it is.
 */
static int
findstemat(
	int value,
	int origin,
	GENTRY *ge,
	STEM *sp,
	short *pairs,
	int ns,
	int prevbest /* -1 means "none" */
)
{
	int i, min, max;
	int v, si;
	int pri, prevpri; /* priority, 0 = has ST_END, 1 = no ST_END */
	int wd, prevwd; /* stem width */

	si= -1; /* nothing yet */

	/* stems are ordered by value, binary search */
	min=0; max=ns; /* min <= i < max */
	while( min < max ) {
		i=(min+max)/2;
		v=sp[i].value;
		if(v<value)
			min=i+1;
		else if(v>value)
			max=i;
		else {
			si=i; /* temporary value */
			break;
		}
	}

	if( si < 0 ) /* found nothing this time */
		return prevbest;

	/* find the priority of the prevbest */
	/* we expect that prevbest has a pair */
	if(prevbest>=0) {
		i=pairs[prevbest];
		prevpri=1;
		if( (sp[prevbest].flags | sp[i].flags) & ST_END )
			prevpri=0; 
		prevwd=abs(sp[i].value-value);
	}

	/* stems are not ordered by origin, so now do the linear search */

	while( si>0 && sp[si-1].value==value ) /* find the first one */
		si--;

	for(; si<ns && sp[si].value==value; si++) {
		if(sp[si].origin != origin) 
			continue;
		if(sp[si].ge != ge) {
			if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS)) {
				fprintf(stderr, 
					"dbg: possible self-intersection at v=%d o=%d exp_ge=0x%x ge=0x%x\n",
					value, origin, ge, sp[si].ge);
			}
			continue;
		}
		i=pairs[si]; /* the other side of this stem */
		if(i<0)
			continue; /* oops, no other side */
		pri=1;
		if( (sp[si].flags | sp[i].flags) & ST_END )
			pri=0;
		wd=abs(sp[i].value-value);
		if( prevbest == -1 || pri >prevpri 
		|| pri==prevpri && prevwd==0 || wd!=0 && wd<prevwd ) {
			prevbest=si;
			prevpri=pri;
			prevwd=wd;
			continue;
		}
	}

	return prevbest;
}

/* add the substems for one glyph entry 
 * (called from groupsubstems())
 * returns 0 if all OK, 1 if too many groups
 */

static int gssentry_lastgrp=0; /* reset to 0 for each new glyph */

static int
gssentry( /* crazy number of parameters */
	GENTRY *ge,
	STEM *hs, /* horizontal stems, sorted by value */
	short *hpairs,
	int nhs,
	STEM *vs, /* vertical stems, sorted by value */
	short *vpairs,
	int nvs,
	STEMBOUNDS *s,
	short *egp,
	int *nextvsi, 
	int *nexthsi /* -2 means "check by yourself" */
) {
	enum {
		SI_VP,	/* vertical primary */
		SI_HP,	/* horizontal primary */
		SI_SIZE /* size of the array */
	};
	int si[SI_SIZE]; /* indexes of relevant stems */

	/* the bounds of the existing relevant stems */
	STEMBOUNDS r[ sizeof(si) / sizeof(si[0]) * 2 ];
	char rexpand; /* by how much we need to expand the group */
	int nr; /* and the number of them */

	/* yet more temporary storage */
	short lb, hb, isvert;
	int conflict, grp;
	int i, j, x, y;


	/* for each line or curve we try to find a horizontal and
	 * a vertical stem corresponding to its first point
	 * (corresponding to the last point of the previous
	 * glyph entry), because the directions of the lines
	 * will be eventually reversed and it will then become the last
	 * point. And the T1 rasterizer applies the hints to 
	 * the last point.
	 *
	 */

	/* start with the common part, the first point */
	x=ge->prev->ix3;
	y=ge->prev->iy3;

	if(*nextvsi == -2)
		si[SI_VP]=findstemat(x, y, ge, vs, vpairs, nvs, -1);
	else {
		si[SI_VP]= *nextvsi; *nextvsi= -2;
	}
	if(*nexthsi == -2)
		si[SI_HP]=findstemat(y, x, ge, hs, hpairs, nhs, -1);
	else {
		si[SI_HP]= *nexthsi; *nexthsi= -2;
	}

	/*
	 * For the horizontal lines we make sure that both
	 * ends of the line have the same horizontal stem,
	 * and the same thing for vertical lines and stems.
	 * In both cases we enforce the stem for the next entry.
	 * Otherwise unpleasant effects may arise.
	 */

	if(ge->type==GE_LINE) {
		if(ge->ix3==x) { /* vertical line */
			*nextvsi=si[SI_VP]=findstemat(x, ge->iy3, ge->frwd, vs, vpairs, nvs, si[SI_VP]);
		} else if(ge->iy3==y) { /* horizontal line */
			*nexthsi=si[SI_HP]=findstemat(y, ge->ix3, ge->frwd, hs, hpairs, nhs, si[SI_HP]);
		}
	}

	if(si[SI_VP]+si[SI_HP] == -2) /* no stems, leave it alone */
		return 0;

	/* build the array of relevant bounds */
	nr=0;
	for(i=0; i< sizeof(si) / sizeof(si[0]); i++) {
		STEM *sp;
		short *pairs;
		int step;
		int f;
		int nzones, firstzone, binzone, einzone;
		int btype, etype;

		if(si[i] < 0)
			continue;

		if(i<SI_HP) {
			r[nr].isvert=1; sp=vs; pairs=vpairs;
		} else {
			r[nr].isvert=0; sp=hs; pairs=hpairs;
		}

		r[nr].low=sp[ si[i] ].value;
		r[nr].high=sp[ pairs[ si[i] ] ].value;

		if(r[nr].low > r[nr].high) {
			j=r[nr].low; r[nr].low=r[nr].high; r[nr].high=j;
			step= -1;
		} else {
			step=1;
		}

		/* handle the interaction with Blue Zones */

		if(i>=SI_HP) { /* only for horizontal stems */
			if(si[i]==pairs[si[i]]) {
				/* special case, the outermost stem in the
				 * Blue Zone without a pair, simulate it to 20-pixel
				 */
				if(sp[ si[i] ].flags & ST_UP) {
					r[nr].high+=20;
					for(j=si[i]+1; j<nhs; j++)
						if( (sp[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE))
						== (ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE) ) {
							if(r[nr].high > sp[j].value-2)
								r[nr].high=sp[j].value-2;
							break;
						}
				} else {
					r[nr].low-=20;
					for(j=si[i]-1; j>=0; j--)
						if( (sp[j].flags & (ST_ZONE|ST_TOPZONE))
						== (ST_ZONE) ) {
							if(r[nr].low < sp[j].value+2)
								r[nr].low=sp[j].value+2;
							break;
						}
				}
			}

			/* check that the stem borders don't end up in
			 * different Blue Zones */
			f=sp[ si[i] ].flags;
			nzones=0; einzone=binzone=0;
			for(j=si[i]; j!=pairs[ si[i] ]; j+=step) {
				if( (sp[j].flags & ST_ZONE)==0 )
					continue;
				/* if see a zone border going in the same direction */
				if( ((f ^ sp[j].flags) & ST_UP)==0 ) {
					if( ++nzones == 1 ) {
						firstzone=sp[j].value; /* remember the first one */
						etype=sp[j].flags & ST_TOPZONE;
					}
					einzone=1;

				} else { /* the opposite direction */
					if(nzones==0) { /* beginning is in a blue zone */
						binzone=1;
						btype=sp[j].flags & ST_TOPZONE;
					}
					einzone=0;
				}
			}

			/* beginning and end are in Blue Zones of different types */
			if( binzone && einzone && (btype ^ etype)!=0 ) {
				if( sp[si[i]].flags & ST_UP ) {
					if(firstzone > r[nr].low+22)
						r[nr].high=r[nr].low+20;
					else
						r[nr].high=firstzone-2;
				} else {
					if(firstzone < r[nr].high-22)
						r[nr].low=r[nr].high-20;
					else
						r[nr].low=firstzone+2;
				}
			}
		}

		if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS))
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%%  at(%d,%d)[%d,%d] %d..%d %c (%d x %d)\n", x, y, i, nr,
				r[nr].low, r[nr].high, r[nr].isvert ? 'v' : 'h',
				si[i], pairs[si[i]]);

		nr++;
	}

	/* now try to find a group */
	conflict=0; /* no conflicts found yet */
	for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
		r[j].already=0;

	/* check if it fits into the last group */
	grp = gssentry_lastgrp;
	i = (grp==0)? 0 : egp[grp-1];
	for(; i<egp[grp]; i++) {
		lb=s[i].low; hb=s[i].high; isvert=s[i].isvert;
		for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
			if( r[j].isvert==isvert  /* intersects */
			&& r[j].low <= hb && r[j].high >= lb ) {
				if( r[j].low == lb && r[j].high == hb ) /* coincides */
					r[j].already=1;
				else
					conflict=1;
			}

		if(conflict) 
			break;
	}

	if(conflict) { /* nope, check all the groups */
		for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
			r[j].already=0;

		for(i=0, grp=0; i<egp[NSTEMGRP-1]; i++) {
			if(i == egp[grp]) { /* checked all stems in a group */
				if(conflict) {
					grp++; conflict=0; /* check the next group */
					for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
						r[j].already=0;
				} else
					break; /* insert into this group */
			}

			lb=s[i].low; hb=s[i].high; isvert=s[i].isvert;
			for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
				if( r[j].isvert==isvert  /* intersects */
				&& r[j].low <= hb && r[j].high >= lb ) {
					if( r[j].low == lb && r[j].high == hb ) /* coincides */
						r[j].already=1;
					else
						conflict=1;
				}

			if(conflict) 
				i=egp[grp]-1; /* fast forward to the next group */
		}
	}

	/* do we have any empty group ? */
	if(conflict && grp < NSTEMGRP-1) {
		grp++; conflict=0;
		for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
			r[j].already=0;
	}

	if(conflict) { /* oops, can't find any group to fit */
		return 1;
	}

	/* OK, add stems to this group */

	rexpand = nr;
	for(j=0; j<nr; j++)
		rexpand -= r[j].already;

	if(rexpand > 0) {
		for(i=egp[NSTEMGRP-1]-1; i>=egp[grp]; i--)
			s[i+rexpand]=s[i];
		for(i=0; i<nr; i++)
			if(!r[i].already)
				s[egp[grp]++]=r[i];
		for(i=grp+1; i<NSTEMGRP; i++)
			egp[i]+=rexpand;
	}

	ge->stemid = gssentry_lastgrp = grp;
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Create the groups of substituted stems from the list.
 * Each group will be represented by a subroutine in the Subs
 * array.
 */

static void
groupsubstems(
	GLYPH *g,
	STEM *hs, /* horizontal stems, sorted by value */
	short *hpairs,
	int nhs,
	STEM *vs, /* vertical stems, sorted by value */
	short *vpairs,
	int nvs
)
{
	GENTRY *ge;
	int i, j;

	/* temporary storage */
	STEMBOUNDS s[MAX_STEMS*2];
	/* indexes in there, pointing past the end each stem group */
	short egp[NSTEMGRP]; 

	int nextvsi, nexthsi; /* -2 means "check by yourself" */

	for(i=0; i<NSTEMGRP; i++)
		egp[i]=0;

	nextvsi=nexthsi= -2; /* processed no horiz/vert line */

	gssentry_lastgrp = 0; /* reset the last group for new glyph */

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if(ge->type!=GE_LINE && ge->type!=GE_CURVE) {
			nextvsi=nexthsi= -2; /* next path is independent */
			continue;
		}

		if( gssentry(ge, hs, hpairs, nhs, vs, vpairs, nvs, s, egp, &nextvsi, &nexthsi) ) {
			WARNING_2 fprintf(stderr, "*** glyph %s requires over %d hint subroutines, ignored them\n",
				g->name, NSTEMGRP);
			/* it's better to have no substituted hints at all than have only part */
			for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
				ge->stemid= -1;
			g->nsg=0; /* just to be safe, already is 0 by initialization */
			return;
		}

		/*
		 * handle the last vert/horiz line of the path specially,
		 * correct the hint for the first entry of the path
		 */
		if(ge->frwd != ge->next && (nextvsi != -2 || nexthsi != -2) ) {
			if( gssentry(ge->frwd, hs, hpairs, nhs, vs, vpairs, nvs, s, egp, &nextvsi, &nexthsi) ) {
				WARNING_2 fprintf(stderr, "*** glyph %s requires over %d hint subroutines, ignored them\n",
					g->name, NSTEMGRP);
				/* it's better to have no substituted hints at all than have only part */
				for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
					ge->stemid= -1;
				g->nsg=0; /* just to be safe, already is 0 by initialization */
				return;
			}
		}

	}

	/* find the index of the first empty group - same as the number of groups */
	if(egp[0]>0) {
		for(i=1; i<NSTEMGRP && egp[i]!=egp[i-1]; i++)
			{}
		g->nsg=i;
	} else
		g->nsg=0;

	if(ISDBG(SUBSTEMS)) {
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %d substem groups (%d %d %d)\n", g->nsg,
			g->nsg>1 ? egp[g->nsg-2] : -1,
			g->nsg>0 ? egp[g->nsg-1] : -1,
			g->nsg<NSTEMGRP ? egp[g->nsg] : -1 );
		j=0;
		for(i=0; i<g->nsg; i++) {
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%% grp %3d:      ", i);
			for(; j<egp[i]; j++) {
				fprintf(pfa_file, " %4d...%-4d %c  ", s[j].low, s[j].high,
					s[j].isvert ? 'v' : 'h');
			}
			fprintf(pfa_file, "\n");
		}
	}

	if(g->nsg==1) { /* it would be the same as the main stems */
		/* so erase it */
		for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
			ge->stemid= -1;
		g->nsg=0;
	}

	if(g->nsg>0) {
		if( (g->nsbs=malloc(g->nsg * sizeof (egp[0]))) == 0 ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**** not enough memory for substituted hints ****\n");
			exit(255);
		}
		memmove(g->nsbs, egp, g->nsg * sizeof(short));
		if( (g->sbstems=malloc(egp[g->nsg-1] * sizeof (s[0]))) == 0 ) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**** not enough memory for substituted hints ****\n");
			exit(255);
		}
		memmove(g->sbstems, s, egp[g->nsg-1] * sizeof(s[0]));
	}
}

void
buildstems(
	   GLYPH * g
)
{
	STEM            hs[MAX_STEMS], vs[MAX_STEMS];	/* temporary working
							 * storage */
	short	hs_pairs[MAX_STEMS], vs_pairs[MAX_STEMS]; /* best pairs for these stems */
	STEM           *sp;
	GENTRY         *ge, *nge, *pge;
	int             nx, ny;
	int ovalue;
	int totals, grp, lastgrp;

	assertisint(g, "buildstems int");

	g->nhs = g->nvs = 0;
	memset(hs, 0, sizeof hs);
	memset(vs, 0, sizeof vs);

	/* first search the whole character for possible stem points */

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE) {

			/*
			 * SURPRISE! 
			 * We consider the stems bound by the
			 * H/V ends of the curves as flat ones.
			 *
			 * But we don't include the point on the
			 * other end into the range.
			 */

			/* first check the beginning of curve */
			/* if it is horizontal, add a hstem */
			if (ge->iy1 == ge->prev->iy3) {
				hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy1;

				if (ge->ix1 < ge->prev->ix3)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
				else
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT;

				hs[g->nhs].origin = ge->prev->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge;

				if (ge->ix1 < ge->prev->ix3) {
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->ix1+1;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->prev->ix3;
					if(hs[g->nhs].from > hs[g->nhs].to)
						hs[g->nhs].from--;
				} else {
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->prev->ix3;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->ix1-1;
					if(hs[g->nhs].from > hs[g->nhs].to)
						hs[g->nhs].to++;
				}
				if (ge->ix1 != ge->prev->ix3)
					g->nhs++;
			}
			/* if it is vertical, add a vstem */
			else if (ge->ix1 == ge->prev->ix3) {
				vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix1;

				if (ge->iy1 > ge->prev->iy3)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
				else
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT;

				vs[g->nvs].origin = ge->prev->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge;

				if (ge->iy1 < ge->prev->iy3) {
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->iy1+1;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->prev->iy3;
					if(vs[g->nvs].from > vs[g->nvs].to)
						vs[g->nvs].from--;
				} else {
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->prev->iy3;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->iy1-1;
					if(vs[g->nvs].from > vs[g->nvs].to)
						vs[g->nvs].to++;
				}

				if (ge->iy1 != ge->prev->iy3)
					g->nvs++;
			}
			/* then check the end of curve */
			/* if it is horizontal, add a hstem */
			if (ge->iy3 == ge->iy2) {
				hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy3;

				if (ge->ix3 < ge->ix2)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
				else
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT;

				hs[g->nhs].origin = ge->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if (ge->ix3 < ge->ix2) {
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->ix3;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->ix2-1;
					if( hs[g->nhs].from > hs[g->nhs].to )
						hs[g->nhs].to++;
				} else {
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->ix2+1;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->ix3;
					if( hs[g->nhs].from > hs[g->nhs].to )
						hs[g->nhs].from--;
				}

				if (ge->ix3 != ge->ix2)
					g->nhs++;
			}
			/* if it is vertical, add a vstem */
			else if (ge->ix3 == ge->ix2) {
				vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix3;

				if (ge->iy3 > ge->iy2)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
				else
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT;

				vs[g->nvs].origin = ge->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if (ge->iy3 < ge->iy2) {
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->iy3;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->iy2-1;
					if( vs[g->nvs].from > vs[g->nvs].to )
						vs[g->nvs].to++;
				} else {
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->iy2+1;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->iy3;
					if( vs[g->nvs].from > vs[g->nvs].to )
						vs[g->nvs].from--;
				}

				if (ge->iy3 != ge->iy2)
					g->nvs++;
			} else {

				/*
				 * check the end of curve for a not smooth
				 * local extremum
				 */
				nge = ge->frwd;

				if (nge == 0)
					continue;
				else if (nge->type == GE_LINE) {
					nx = nge->ix3;
					ny = nge->iy3;
				} else if (nge->type == GE_CURVE) {
					nx = nge->ix1;
					ny = nge->iy1;
				} else
					continue;

				/* check for vertical extremums */
				if (ge->iy3 > ge->iy2 && ge->iy3 > ny
				|| ge->iy3 < ge->iy2 && ge->iy3 < ny) {
					hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy3;
					hs[g->nhs].from
						= hs[g->nhs].to
						= hs[g->nhs].origin = ge->ix3;
					hs[g->nhs].ge = ge->frwd;

					if (ge->ix3 < ge->ix2
					    || nx < ge->ix3)
						hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_UP;
					else
						hs[g->nhs].flags = 0;

					if (ge->ix3 != ge->ix2 || nx != ge->ix3)
						g->nhs++;
				}
				/*
				 * the same point may be both horizontal and
				 * vertical extremum
				 */
				/* check for horizontal extremums */
				if (ge->ix3 > ge->ix2 && ge->ix3 > nx
				|| ge->ix3 < ge->ix2 && ge->ix3 < nx) {
					vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix3;
					vs[g->nvs].from
						= vs[g->nvs].to
						= vs[g->nvs].origin = ge->iy3;
					vs[g->nvs].ge = ge->frwd;

					if (ge->iy3 > ge->iy2
					    || ny > ge->iy3)
						vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_UP;
					else
						vs[g->nvs].flags = 0;

					if (ge->iy3 != ge->iy2 || ny != ge->iy3)
						g->nvs++;
				}
			}

		} else if (ge->type == GE_LINE) {
			nge = ge->frwd;

			/* if it is horizontal, add a hstem */
			/* and the ends as vstems if they brace the line */
			if (ge->iy3 == ge->prev->iy3
			&& ge->ix3 != ge->prev->ix3) {
				hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy3;
				if (ge->ix3 < ge->prev->ix3) {
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->ix3;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->prev->ix3;
				} else {
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_FLAT;
					hs[g->nhs].from = ge->prev->ix3;
					hs[g->nhs].to = ge->ix3;
				}
				hs[g->nhs].origin = ge->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge->frwd;

				pge = ge->bkwd;

				/* add beginning as vstem */
				vs[g->nvs].value = pge->ix3;
				vs[g->nvs].origin
					= vs[g->nvs].from
					= vs[g->nvs].to = pge->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge;

				if(pge->type==GE_CURVE)
					ovalue=pge->iy2;
				else
					ovalue=pge->prev->iy3;

				if (pge->iy3 > ovalue)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_UP | ST_END;
				else if (pge->iy3 < ovalue)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_END;
				else
					vs[g->nvs].flags = 0;

				if( vs[g->nvs].flags != 0 )
					g->nvs++;

				/* add end as vstem */
				vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix3;
				vs[g->nvs].origin
					= vs[g->nvs].from
					= vs[g->nvs].to = ge->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if(nge->type==GE_CURVE)
					ovalue=nge->iy1;
				else
					ovalue=nge->iy3;

				if (ovalue > ge->iy3)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_UP | ST_END;
				else if (ovalue < ge->iy3)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_END;
				else
					vs[g->nvs].flags = 0;

				if( vs[g->nvs].flags != 0 )
					g->nvs++;

				g->nhs++;
			}
			/* if it is vertical, add a vstem */
			/* and the ends as hstems if they brace the line  */
			else if (ge->ix3 == ge->prev->ix3 
			&& ge->iy3 != ge->prev->iy3) {
				vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix3;
				if (ge->iy3 > ge->prev->iy3) {
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT | ST_UP;
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->prev->iy3;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->iy3;
				} else {
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_FLAT;
					vs[g->nvs].from = ge->iy3;
					vs[g->nvs].to = ge->prev->iy3;
				}
				vs[g->nvs].origin = ge->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge->frwd;

				pge = ge->bkwd;

				/* add beginning as hstem */
				hs[g->nhs].value = pge->iy3;
				hs[g->nhs].origin
					= hs[g->nhs].from
					= hs[g->nhs].to = pge->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge;

				if(pge->type==GE_CURVE)
					ovalue=pge->ix2;
				else
					ovalue=pge->prev->ix3;

				if (pge->ix3 < ovalue)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_UP | ST_END;
				else if (pge->ix3 > ovalue)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_END;
				else
					hs[g->nhs].flags = 0;

				if( hs[g->nhs].flags != 0 )
					g->nhs++;

				/* add end as hstem */
				hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy3;
				hs[g->nhs].origin
					= hs[g->nhs].from
					= hs[g->nhs].to = ge->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if(nge->type==GE_CURVE)
					ovalue=nge->ix1;
				else
					ovalue=nge->ix3;

				if (ovalue < ge->ix3)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_UP | ST_END;
				else if (ovalue > ge->ix3)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_END;
				else
					hs[g->nhs].flags = 0;

				if( hs[g->nhs].flags != 0 )
					g->nhs++;

				g->nvs++;
			}
			/*
			 * check the end of line for a not smooth local
			 * extremum
			 */
			nge = ge->frwd;

			if (nge == 0)
				continue;
			else if (nge->type == GE_LINE) {
				nx = nge->ix3;
				ny = nge->iy3;
			} else if (nge->type == GE_CURVE) {
				nx = nge->ix1;
				ny = nge->iy1;
			} else
				continue;

			/* check for vertical extremums */
			if (ge->iy3 > ge->prev->iy3 && ge->iy3 > ny
			|| ge->iy3 < ge->prev->iy3 && ge->iy3 < ny) {
				hs[g->nhs].value = ge->iy3;
				hs[g->nhs].from
					= hs[g->nhs].to
					= hs[g->nhs].origin = ge->ix3;
				hs[g->nhs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if (ge->ix3 < ge->prev->ix3
				    || nx < ge->ix3)
					hs[g->nhs].flags = ST_UP;
				else
					hs[g->nhs].flags = 0;

				if (ge->ix3 != ge->prev->ix3 || nx != ge->ix3)
					g->nhs++;
			}
			/*
			 * the same point may be both horizontal and vertical
			 * extremum
			 */
			/* check for horizontal extremums */
			if (ge->ix3 > ge->prev->ix3 && ge->ix3 > nx
			|| ge->ix3 < ge->prev->ix3 && ge->ix3 < nx) {
				vs[g->nvs].value = ge->ix3;
				vs[g->nvs].from
					= vs[g->nvs].to
					= vs[g->nvs].origin = ge->iy3;
				vs[g->nvs].ge = ge->frwd;

				if (ge->iy3 > ge->prev->iy3
				    || ny > ge->iy3)
					vs[g->nvs].flags = ST_UP;
				else
					vs[g->nvs].flags = 0;

				if (ge->iy3 != ge->prev->iy3 || ny != ge->iy3)
					g->nvs++;
			}
		}
	}

	g->nhs=addbluestems(hs, g->nhs);
	sortstems(hs, g->nhs);
	sortstems(vs, g->nvs);

	if (ISDBG(STEMS))
		debugstems(g->name, hs, g->nhs, vs, g->nvs);

	/* find the stems interacting with the Blue Zones */
	markbluestems(hs, g->nhs);

	if(subhints) {
		if (ISDBG(SUBSTEMS))
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s: joining subst horizontal stems\n", g->name);
		joinsubstems(hs, hs_pairs, g->nhs, 1);
		uniformstems(hs, hs_pairs, g->nhs);

		if (ISDBG(SUBSTEMS))
			fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s: joining subst vertical stems\n", g->name);
		joinsubstems(vs, vs_pairs, g->nvs, 0);

		groupsubstems(g, hs, hs_pairs, g->nhs, vs, vs_pairs, g->nvs);
	}

	if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s: joining main horizontal stems\n", g->name);
	g->nhs = joinmainstems(hs, g->nhs, 1);
	if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s: joining main vertical stems\n", g->name);
	g->nvs = joinmainstems(vs, g->nvs, 0);

	if (ISDBG(MAINSTEMS))
		debugstems(g->name, hs, g->nhs, vs, g->nvs);

	if(g->nhs > 0) {
		if ((sp = malloc(sizeof(STEM) * g->nhs)) == 0) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**** not enough memory for hints ****\n");
			exit(255);
		}
		g->hstems = sp;
		memcpy(sp, hs, sizeof(STEM) * g->nhs);
	} else
		g->hstems = 0;

	if(g->nvs > 0) {
		if ((sp = malloc(sizeof(STEM) * g->nvs)) == 0) {
			fprintf(stderr, "**** not enough memory for hints ****\n");
			exit(255);
		}
		g->vstems = sp;
		memcpy(sp, vs, sizeof(STEM) * g->nvs);
	} else
		g->vstems = 0;

	/* now check that the stems won't overflow the interpreter's stem stack:
	 * some interpreters (like X11) push the stems on each change into
	 * stack and pop them only after the whole glyphs is completed.
	 */

	totals = (g->nhs+g->nvs) / 2; /* we count whole stems, not halves */
	lastgrp = -1;

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		grp=ge->stemid;
		if(grp >= 0 && grp != lastgrp)  {
			if(grp==0)
				totals += g->nsbs[0];
			else
				totals += g->nsbs[grp] - g->nsbs[grp-1];

			lastgrp = grp;
		}
	}

	/* be on the safe side, check for >= , not > */
	if(totals >= max_stemdepth) {  /* oops, too deep */
		WARNING_2 {
			fprintf(stderr, "Warning: glyph %s needs hint stack depth %d\n", g->name, totals);
			fprintf(stderr, "  (limit %d): removed the substituted hints from it\n", max_stemdepth);
		}
		if(g->nsg > 0) {
			for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
				ge->stemid = -1;
			free(g->sbstems); g->sbstems = 0;
			free(g->nsbs); g->nsbs = 0;
			g->nsg = 0;
		}
	}

	/* now check if there are too many main stems */
	totals = (g->nhs+g->nvs) / 2; /* we count whole stems, not halves */
	if(totals >= max_stemdepth) { 
		/* even worse, too much of non-substituted stems */
		WARNING_2 {
			fprintf(stderr, "Warning: glyph %s has %d main hints\n", g->name, totals);
			fprintf(stderr, "  (limit %d): removed the hints from it\n", max_stemdepth);
		}
		if(g->vstems) {
			free(g->vstems); g->vstems = 0; g->nvs = 0;
		}
		if(g->hstems) {
			free(g->hstems); g->hstems = 0; g->nhs = 0;
		}
	}
}

/* convert weird curves that are close to lines into lines.
*/

void
fstraighten(
	   GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *pge, *nge, *ige;
	double          df;
	int             dir;
	double          iln, oln;
	int             svdir, i, o;

	for (ige = g->entries; ige != 0; ige = ige->next) {
		if (ige->type != GE_CURVE)
			continue;

		ge = ige;
		pge = ge->bkwd;
		nge = ge->frwd;

		df = 0.;

		/* look for vertical then horizontal */
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
			o = !i; /* other axis */

			iln = fabs(ge->fpoints[i][2] - pge->fpoints[i][2]);
			oln = fabs(ge->fpoints[o][2] - pge->fpoints[o][2]);
			/*
			 * if current curve is almost a vertical line, and it
			 * doesn't begin or end horizontally (and the prev/next
			 * line doesn't join smoothly ?)
			 */
			if( oln < 1.
			|| ge->fpoints[o][2] == ge->fpoints[o][1] 
			|| ge->fpoints[o][0] == pge->fpoints[o][2]
			|| iln > 2.
			|| iln > 1.  && iln/oln > 0.1 )
				continue;


			if(ISDBG(STRAIGHTEN)) 
				fprintf(stderr,"** straighten almost %s\n", (i? "horizontal":"vertical"));

			df = ge->fpoints[i][2] - pge->fpoints[i][2];
			dir = fsign(ge->fpoints[o][2] - pge->fpoints[o][2]);
			ge->type = GE_LINE;

			/*
			 * suck in all the sequence of such almost lines
			 * going in the same direction but not deviating
			 * too far from vertical
			 */
			iln = fabs(nge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->fpoints[i][2]);
			oln = nge->fpoints[o][2] - ge->fpoints[o][2];

			while (fabs(df) <= 5 && nge->type == GE_CURVE
			&& dir == fsign(oln) /* that also gives oln != 0 */
			&& iln <= 2.
			&& ( iln <= 1.  || iln/fabs(oln) <= 0.1 ) ) {
				ge->fx3 = nge->fx3;
				ge->fy3 = nge->fy3;

				if(ISDBG(STRAIGHTEN))
					fprintf(stderr,"** straighten collapsing %s\n", (i? "horizontal":"vertical"));
				freethisge(nge);
				fixendpath(ge);
				pge = ge->bkwd;
				nge = ge->frwd;

				df = ge->fpoints[i][2] - pge->fpoints[i][2];

				iln = fabs(nge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->fpoints[i][2]);
				oln = nge->fpoints[o][2] - ge->fpoints[o][2];
			}

			/* now check what do we have as previous/next line */

			if(ge != pge) { 
				if( pge->type == GE_LINE && pge->fpoints[i][2] == pge->prev->fpoints[i][2]
				&& fabs(pge->fpoints[o][2] != pge->prev->fpoints[o][2]) ) {
					if(ISDBG(STRAIGHTEN)) fprintf(stderr,"** straighten join with previous 0x%x 0x%x\n", pge, ge);
					/* join the previous line with current */
					pge->fx3 = ge->fx3;
					pge->fy3 = ge->fy3;

					ige = freethisge(ge)->prev; /* keep the iterator valid */
					ge = pge;
					fixendpath(ge);
					pge = ge->bkwd;
				}
			}

			if(ge != nge) { 
				if (nge->type == GE_LINE && nge->fpoints[i][2] == ge->fpoints[i][2]
				&& fabs(nge->fpoints[o][2] != ge->fpoints[o][2]) ) {
					if(ISDBG(STRAIGHTEN)) fprintf(stderr,"** straighten join with next 0x%x 0x%x\n", ge, nge);
					/* join the next line with current */
					ge->fx3 = nge->fx3;
					ge->fy3 = nge->fy3;

					freethisge(nge);
					fixendpath(ge);
					pge = ge->bkwd;
					nge = ge->frwd;

				}
			}

			if(ge != pge) { 
				/* try to align the lines if neccessary */
				if(df != 0.)
					fclosegap(ge, ge, i, df, NULL);
			} else {
				/* contour consists of only one line, get rid of it */
				ige = freethisge(ge); /* keep the iterator valid */
				if(ige == 0) /* this was the last contour */
					return;
				ige = ige->prev;
			}

			break; /* don't bother looking at the other axis */
		}
	}
}

/* solve a square equation,
 * returns the number of solutions found, the solutions
 * are stored in res which should point to array of two doubles.
 * min and max limit the area for solutions
 */

static int
fsqequation(
	double a,
	double b,
	double c,
	double *res,
	double min,
	double max
)
{
	double D;
	int n;

	if(ISDBG(SQEQ)) fprintf(stderr, "sqeq(%g,%g,%g) [%g;%g]\n", a, b, c, min, max);

	if(fabs(a) < 0.000001) { /* if a linear equation */
		n=0;
		if(fabs(b) < 0.000001) /* not an equation at all */
			return 0;
		res[0] = -c/b;
		if(ISDBG(SQEQ)) fprintf(stderr, "sqeq: linear t=%g\n", res[0]);
		if(res[0] >= min && res[0] <= max)
			n++;
		return n;
	}

	D = b*b - 4.0*a*c;
	if(ISDBG(SQEQ)) fprintf(stderr, "sqeq: D=%g\n", D);
	if(D<0)
		return 0;

	D = sqrt(D);

	n=0;
	res[0] = (-b+D) / (2*a);
	if(ISDBG(SQEQ)) fprintf(stderr, "sqeq: t1=%g\n", res[0]);
	if(res[0] >= min && res[0] <= max)
		n++;

	res[n] = (-b-D) / (2*a);
	if(ISDBG(SQEQ)) fprintf(stderr, "sqeq: t2=%g\n", res[n]);
	if(res[n] >= min && res[n] <= max)
		n++;

	/* return 2nd solution only if it's different enough */
	if(n==2 && fabs(res[0]-res[1])<0.000001)
		n=1;

	return n;
}

/* check that the curves don't cross quadrant boundary */
/* (float) */

/*
  Here we make sure that the curve does not continue past
  horizontal or vertical extremums. The horizontal points are
  explained, vertical points are by analogy.

  The horizontal points are where the derivative
  dy/dx is equal to 0. But the Bezier curves are defined by
  parametric formulas
   x=fx(t)
   y=fy(t)
  so finding this derivative is complicated.
  Also even if we find some point (x,y) splitting at this point
  is far not obvious. Fortunately we can use dy/dt = 0 instead,
  this gets to a rather simple square equation and splitting
  at a known value of t is simple.

  The formulas are:

  y = A*(1-t)^3 + 3*B*(1-t)^2*t + 3*C*(1-t)*t^2 + D*t^3
  y = (-A+3*B-3*C+D)*t^3 + (3*A-6*B+3*C)*t^2 + (-3*A+3*B)*t + A
  dy/dt = 3*(-A+3*B-3*C+D)*t^2 + 2*(3*A-6*B+3*C)*t + (-3*A+3*B)
 */

void
ffixquadrants(
	GLYPH *g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *nge;
	int	i, j, np, oldnp;
	double	sp[5]; /* split points, last one empty */
	char dir[5]; /* for debugging, direction by which split happened */
	double a, b, *pts; /* points of a curve */

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
			continue;
		
	doagain:
		np = 0; /* no split points yet */
		if(ISDBG(QUAD)) {
			fprintf(stderr, "%s: trying 0x%x (%g %g) (%g %g) (%g %g) (%g %g)\n  ", g->name,
				ge,  ge->prev->fx3, ge->prev->fy3, ge->fx1, ge->fy1, ge->fx2, ge->fy2,
				ge->fx3, ge->fy3);
		}
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) { /* first for x then for y */
			/* find the cooridnates of control points */
			a = ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
			pts = &ge->fpoints[i][0];

			oldnp = np;
			np += fsqequation(
				3.0*(-a + 3.0*pts[0] - 3.0*pts[1] + pts[2]),
				6.0*(a - 2.0*pts[0] + pts[1]),
				3.0*(-a + pts[0]),
				&sp[np],
				0.0, 1.0); /* XXX range is [0;1] */

			if(np == oldnp)
				continue;

			if(ISDBG(QUAD))
				fprintf(stderr, "%s: 0x%x: %d pts(%c): ", 
					g->name, ge, np-oldnp, i? 'y':'x');

			/* remove points that are too close to the ends 
			 * because hor/vert ends are permitted, also
			 * if the split point is VERY close to the ends
			 * but not exactly then just flatten it and check again.
			 */
			for(j = oldnp; j<np; j++) {
				dir[j] = i;
				if(ISDBG(QUAD))
					fprintf(stderr, "%g ", sp[j]);
				if(sp[j] < 0.03) { /* front end of curve */
					if(ge->fpoints[i][0] != ge->prev->fpoints[i][2]) {
						ge->fpoints[i][0] = ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
						if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "flattened at front\n");
						goto doagain;
					}
					if( ge->fpoints[i][1] != ge->fpoints[i][0]
					&& fsign(ge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->fpoints[i][1])
							!= fsign(ge->fpoints[i][1] - ge->fpoints[i][0]) ) {
						ge->fpoints[i][1] = ge->fpoints[i][0];
						if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "flattened zigzag at front\n");
						goto doagain;
					}
					sp[j] = sp[j+1]; np--; j--;
					if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "(front flat)  ");
				} else if(sp[j] > 0.97) { /* rear end of curve */
					if(ge->fpoints[i][1] != ge->fpoints[i][2]) {
						ge->fpoints[i][1] = ge->fpoints[i][2];
						if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "flattened at rear\n");
						goto doagain;
					}
					if( ge->fpoints[i][0] != ge->fpoints[i][1]
					&& fsign(ge->prev->fpoints[i][2] - ge->fpoints[i][0])
							!= fsign(ge->fpoints[i][0] - ge->fpoints[i][1]) ) {
						ge->fpoints[i][0] = ge->fpoints[i][1];
						if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "flattened zigzag at rear\n");
						goto doagain;
					}
					sp[j] = sp[j+1]; np--; j--;
					if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "(rear flat)  ");
				} 
			}
			if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "\n");
		}

		if(np==0) /* no split points, leave it alone */
			continue;

		if(ISDBG(QUAD)) {
			fprintf(stderr, "%s: splitting 0x%x (%g %g) (%g %g) (%g %g) (%g %g) at %d points\n  ", g->name,
				ge,  ge->prev->fx3, ge->prev->fy3, ge->fx1, ge->fy1, ge->fx2, ge->fy2,
				ge->fx3, ge->fy3, np);
			for(i=0; i<np; i++)
				fprintf(stderr, "%g(%c) ", sp[i], dir[i] ? 'y':'x');
			fprintf(stderr, "\n");
		}

		/* sort the points ascending */
		for(i=0; i<np; i++)
			for(j=i+1; j<np; j++)
				if(sp[i] > sp[j]) {
					a = sp[i]; sp[i] = sp[j]; sp[j] = a;
				}

		/* now finally do the split on each point */
		for(j=0; j<np; j++) {
			double k1, k2, c;

			k1 = sp[j];
			k2 = 1 - k1;

			if(ISDBG(QUAD)) fprintf(stderr, "   0x%x %g/%g\n", ge, k1, k2);

			nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
			(*nge) = (*ge);

#define SPLIT(pt1, pt2)	( (pt1) + k1*((pt2)-(pt1)) ) /* order is important! */
			for(i=0; i<2; i++) { /* for x and y */
				a = ge->fpoints[i][0]; /* get the middle points */
				b = ge->fpoints[i][1];

				/* calculate new internal points */
				c = SPLIT(a, b);

				ge->fpoints[i][0] = SPLIT(ge->prev->fpoints[i][2], a);
				ge->fpoints[i][1] = SPLIT(ge->fpoints[i][0], c);

				nge->fpoints[i][1] = SPLIT(b, nge->fpoints[i][2]);
				nge->fpoints[i][0] = SPLIT(c, nge->fpoints[i][1]);

				ge->fpoints[i][2] = SPLIT(ge->fpoints[i][1],
					+ nge->fpoints[i][0]);
			}
#undef SPLIT

			addgeafter(ge, nge);

			/* go to the next part, adjust remaining points */
			ge = nge;
			for(i=j+1; i<np; i++)
				sp[i] = (sp[i]-k1) / k2;
		}
	}

}

/* check if a curve is a zigzag */

static int
iiszigzag(
	GENTRY *ge
) 
{
	double          k, k1, k2;
	int             a, b;

	if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
		return 0;

	a = ge->iy2 - ge->iy1;
	b = ge->ix2 - ge->ix1;
	if(a == 0) {
		if(b == 0) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k = fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	a = ge->iy1 - ge->prev->iy3;
	b = ge->ix1 - ge->prev->ix3;
	if(a == 0) {
		if(b == 0) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k1 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k1 = fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	a = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;
	b = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
	if(a == 0) {
		if(b == 0) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k2 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k2 = fabs((double) b / (double) a);

	/* if the curve is not a zigzag */
	if (k1+0.0001 >= k && k2 <= k+0.0001 || k1 <= k+0.0001 && k2+0.0001 >= k)
		return 0;
	else
		return 1;
}

/* check if a curve is a zigzag - floating */

static int
fiszigzag(
	GENTRY *ge
) 
{
	double          k, k1, k2;
	double          a, b;

	if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
		return 0;

	a = fabs(ge->fy2 - ge->fy1);
	b = fabs(ge->fx2 - ge->fx1);
	if(a < FEPS) {
		if(b < FEPS) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k = b / a;

	a = fabs(ge->fy1 - ge->prev->fy3);
	b = fabs(ge->fx1 - ge->prev->fx3);
	if(a < FEPS) {
		if(b < FEPS) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k1 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k1 = b / a;

	a = fabs(ge->fy3 - ge->fy2);
	b = fabs(ge->fx3 - ge->fx2);
	if(a < FEPS) {
		if(b < FEPS) {
			return 0;
		} else
			k2 = FBIGVAL;
	} else
		k2 = b / a;

	/* if the curve is not a zigzag */
	if (k1+0.0001 >= k && k2 <= k+0.0001 || k1 <= k+0.0001 && k2+0.0001 >= k)
		return 0;
	else
		return 1;
}

/* split the zigzag-like curves into two parts */

void
fsplitzigzags(
	     GLYPH * g
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *nge;
	double          a, b, c, d;

	assertisfloat(g, "splitting zigzags");
	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if (ge->type != GE_CURVE)
			continue;

		/* if the curve is not a zigzag */
		if ( !fiszigzag(ge) ) {
			continue;
		}

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) {
			double maxsc1, maxsc2; 
			fprintf(stderr, "split a zigzag ");
			fnormalizege(ge);
			if( fcrossraysge(ge, ge, &maxsc1, &maxsc2, NULL) ) {
				fprintf(stderr, "sc1=%g sc2=%g\n", maxsc1, maxsc2);
			} else {
				fprintf(stderr, "(rays don't cross)\n");
			}
		}
		/* split the curve by t=0.5 */
		nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
		(*nge) = (*ge);
		nge->type = GE_CURVE;

		a = ge->prev->fx3;
		b = ge->fx1;
		c = ge->fx2;
		d = ge->fx3;
		nge->fx3 = d;
		nge->fx2 = (c + d) / 2.;
		nge->fx1 = (b + 2. * c + d) / 4.;
		ge->fx3 = (a + b * 3. + c * 3. + d) / 8.;
		ge->fx2 = (a + 2. * b + c) / 4.;
		ge->fx1 = (a + b) / 2.;

		a = ge->prev->fy3;
		b = ge->fy1;
		c = ge->fy2;
		d = ge->fy3;
		nge->fy3 = d;
		nge->fy2 = (c + d) / 2.;
		nge->fy1 = (b + 2. * c + d) / 4.;
		ge->fy3 = (a + b * 3. + c * 3. + d) / 8.;
		ge->fy2 = (a + 2. * b + c) / 4.;
		ge->fy1 = (a + b) / 2.;

		addgeafter(ge, nge);

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) {
			dumppaths(g, ge, nge);
		}
	}
}

/* free this GENTRY, returns what was ge->next
 * (ge must be of type GE_LINE or GE_CURVE)
 * works on both float and int entries
 */

static GENTRY *
freethisge(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	GENTRY *xge;

	if (ge->bkwd != ge->prev) {
		/* at beginning of the contour */

		xge = ge->bkwd;
		if(xge == ge) { /* was the only line in contour */
			/* remove the contour completely */
			/* prev is GE_MOVE, next is GE_PATH, remove them all */

			/* may be the first contour, then ->bkwd points to ge->entries */
			if(ge->prev->prev == 0)
				*(GENTRY **)(ge->prev->bkwd) = ge->next->next;
			else
				ge->prev->prev->next = ge->next->next;

			if(ge->next->next) {
				ge->next->next->prev = ge->prev->prev;
				ge->next->next->bkwd = ge->prev->bkwd;
			}

			xge = ge->next->next;
			free(ge->prev); free(ge->next); free(ge);
			return xge;
		}

		/* move the start point of the contour */
		if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
			ge->prev->fx3 = xge->fx3;
			ge->prev->fy3 = xge->fy3;
		} else {
			ge->prev->ix3 = xge->ix3;
			ge->prev->iy3 = xge->iy3;
		}
	} else if(ge->frwd != ge->next) {
		/* at end of the contour */

		xge = ge->frwd->prev;
		/* move the start point of the contour */
		if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
			xge->fx3 = ge->bkwd->fx3;
			xge->fy3 = ge->bkwd->fy3;
		} else {
			xge->ix3 = ge->bkwd->ix3;
			xge->iy3 = ge->bkwd->iy3;
		}
	}

	ge->prev->next = ge->next;
	ge->next->prev = ge->prev;
	ge->bkwd->frwd = ge->frwd;
	ge->frwd->bkwd = ge->bkwd;

	xge = ge->next;
	free(ge);
	return xge;
}

/* inserts a new gentry (LINE or CURVE) after another (MOVE
 * or LINE or CURVE)
 * corrects the first GE_MOVE if neccessary
 */

static void
addgeafter(
	GENTRY *oge, /* after this */
	GENTRY *nge /* insert this */
)
{
	if(oge->type == GE_MOVE) {
		/* insert before next */
		if(oge->next->type == GE_PATH) {
			/* first and only GENTRY in path */
			nge->frwd = nge->bkwd = nge;
		} else {
			nge->frwd = oge->next;
			nge->bkwd = oge->next->bkwd;
			oge->next->bkwd->frwd = nge;
			oge->next->bkwd = nge;
		}
	} else {
		nge->frwd = oge->frwd;
		nge->bkwd = oge;
		oge->frwd->bkwd = nge;
		oge->frwd = nge;
	}

	nge->next = oge->next;
	nge->prev = oge;
	oge->next->prev = nge;
	oge->next = nge;

	if(nge->frwd->prev->type == GE_MOVE) {
		/* fix up the GE_MOVE entry */
		if(nge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
			nge->frwd->prev->fx3 = nge->fx3;
			nge->frwd->prev->fy3 = nge->fy3;
		} else {
			nge->frwd->prev->ix3 = nge->ix3;
			nge->frwd->prev->iy3 = nge->iy3;
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Check if this GENTRY happens to be at the end of path
 * and fix the first MOVETO accordingly
 * handles both int and float
 */

static void
fixendpath(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	GENTRY *mge;

	mge = ge->frwd->prev;
	if(mge->type == GE_MOVE) {
		if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
			mge->fx3 = ge->fx3;
			mge->fy3 = ge->fy3;
		} else {
			mge->ix3 = ge->ix3;
			mge->iy3 = ge->iy3;
		}
	}
}

/*
 * This function adjusts the rest of path (the part from...to is NOT changed)
 * to cover the specified gap by the specified axis (0 - X, 1 - Y).
 * Gap is counted in direction (end_of_to - beginning_of_from).
 * Returns by how much the gap was not closed (0.0 if it was fully closed).
 * Ret contains by how much the first and last points of [from...to]
 * were moved to bring them in consistence to the rest of the path.
 * If ret==NULL then this info is not returned.
 */

static double
fclosegap(
	GENTRY *from,
	GENTRY *to,
	int axis,
	double gap,
	double *ret
)
{
#define TIMESLARGER 10.	/* how many times larger must be a curve to not change too much */
	double rm[2];
	double oldpos[2];
	double times, limit, df, dx;
	int j, k;
	GENTRY *xge, *pge, *nge, *bge[2];

	/* remember the old points to calculate ret */
	oldpos[0] = from->prev->fpoints[axis][2];
	oldpos[1] = to->fpoints[axis][2];

	rm[0] = rm[1] = gap / 2. ;

	bge[0] = from; /* this is convenient for iterations */
	bge[1] = to;

	/* first try to modify large curves but if have none then settle for small */
	for(times = (TIMESLARGER-1); times > 0.1; times /= 2. ) {

		if(rm[0]+rm[1] == 0.)
			break;

		/* iterate in both directions, backwards then forwards */
		for(j = 0; j<2; j++) {

			if(rm[j] == 0.) /* if this direction is exhausted */
				continue;

			limit = fabs(rm[j]) * (1.+times);

			for(xge = bge[j]->cntr[j]; xge != bge[!j]; xge = xge->cntr[j]) {
				dx = xge->fpoints[axis][2] - xge->prev->fpoints[axis][2];
				df = fabs(dx) - limit;
				if( df <= FEPS ) /* curve is too small to change */
					continue;

				if( df >= fabs(rm[j]) )
					df = rm[j];
				else 
					df *= fsign(rm[j]); /* we may cover this part of rm */

				rm[j] -= df;
				limit = fabs(rm[j]) * (1.+times);

				if(xge->type == GE_CURVE) { /* correct internal points */
					double scale = ((dx+df) / dx) - 1.;
					double base;

					if(j)
						base = xge->fpoints[axis][2];
					else
						base = xge->prev->fpoints[axis][2];

					for(k = 0; k<2; k++)
						xge->fpoints[axis][k] += scale * 
							(xge->fpoints[axis][k] - base);
				}

				/* move all the intermediate lines */
				if(j) {
					df = -df; /* absolute direction */
					pge = bge[1]->bkwd;
					nge = xge->bkwd;
				} else {
					xge->fpoints[axis][2] += df;
					pge = bge[0];
					nge = xge->frwd;
				}
				while(nge != pge) {
					if(nge->type == GE_CURVE) {
						nge->fpoints[axis][0] +=df;
						nge->fpoints[axis][1] +=df;
					}
					nge->fpoints[axis][2] += df;
					if(nge->next != nge->frwd) { /* last entry of contour */
						nge->frwd->prev->fpoints[axis][2] += df;
					}
					nge = nge->cntr[!j];
				}

				if(rm[j] == 0.)
					break;
			}
		}
	}

	/* find the difference */
	oldpos[0] -= from->prev->fpoints[axis][2];
	oldpos[1] -= to->fpoints[axis][2];

	if(ret) {
		ret[0] = oldpos[0] - from->prev->fpoints[axis][2];
		ret[1] = oldpos[1] - to->fpoints[axis][2];
	}

#if 0
	if( rm[0]+rm[1] != gap - oldpos[1] + oldpos[0]) {
		fprintf(stderr, "** gap=%g rm[0]=%g rm[1]=%g o[0]=%g o[1]=%g rg=%g og=%g\n",
			gap, rm[0], rm[1], oldpos[0], oldpos[1], rm[0]+rm[1], 
			gap - oldpos[1] + oldpos[0]);
	}
#endif

	return rm[0]+rm[1];
#undef TIMESLARGER
}

/* remove the lines or curves smaller or equal to the size limit */

static void
fdelsmall(
	GLYPH *g,
	double minlen
)
{
	GENTRY  *ge, *nge, *pge, *xge, *next;
	int i, k;
	double dx, dy, d2, d2m;
	double minlen2;
#define TIMESLARGER 10.	/* how much larger must be a curve to not change too much */

	minlen2 = minlen*minlen;

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = next) {
		next = ge->next;

		if (ge->type != GE_CURVE && ge->type != GE_LINE)
			continue;

		d2m = 0;
		for(i= (ge->type==GE_CURVE? 0: 2); i<3; i++) {
			dx = ge->fxn[i] - ge->prev->fx3;
			dy = ge->fyn[i] - ge->prev->fy3;
			d2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
			if(d2m < d2)
				d2m = d2;
		}

		if( d2m > minlen2 ) { /* line is not too small */
			/* XXX add more normalization here */
			continue;
		}

		/* if the line is too small */

		/* check forwards if we have a whole sequence of them */
		nge = ge;
		for(xge = ge->frwd; xge != ge; xge = xge->frwd) {
			d2m = 0;
			for(i= (xge->type==GE_CURVE? 0: 2); i<3; i++) {
				dx = xge->fxn[i] - xge->prev->fx3;
				dy = xge->fyn[i] - xge->prev->fy3;
				d2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
				if(d2m < d2)
					d2m = d2;
			}
			if( d2m > minlen2 ) /* line is not too small */
				break;
			nge = xge;
			if(next == nge) /* move the next step past this sequence */
				next = next->next;
		}

		/* check backwards if we have a whole sequence of them */
		pge = ge;
		for(xge = ge->bkwd; xge != ge; xge = xge->bkwd) {
			d2m = 0;
			for(i= (xge->type==GE_CURVE? 0: 2); i<3; i++) {
				dx = xge->fxn[i] - xge->prev->fx3;
				dy = xge->fyn[i] - xge->prev->fy3;
				d2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
				if(d2m < d2)
					d2m = d2;
			}
			if( d2m > minlen2 ) /* line is not too small */
				break;
			pge = xge;
		}

		/* now we have a sequence of small fragments in pge...nge (inclusive) */

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))  {
			fprintf(stderr, "glyph %s has very small fragments(%x..%x..%x)\n", 
			g->name, pge, ge, nge);
			dumppaths(g, pge, nge);
		}

		/* reduce whole sequence to one part and remember the middle point */
		if(pge != nge) {
			while(1) {
				xge = pge->frwd;
				if(xge == nge) {
					pge->fx1 = pge->fx2 = pge->fx3;
					pge->fx3 = nge->fx3;
					pge->fy1 = pge->fy2 = pge->fy3;
					pge->fy3 = nge->fy3;
					pge->type = GE_CURVE;
					freethisge(nge);
					break;
				}
				if(xge == nge->bkwd) {
					pge->fx1 = pge->fx2 = (pge->fx3+xge->fx3)/2.;
					pge->fx3 = nge->fx3;
					pge->fy1 = pge->fy2 = (pge->fy3+xge->fy3)/2.;
					pge->fy3 = nge->fy3;
					pge->type = GE_CURVE;
					freethisge(nge);
					freethisge(xge);
					break;
				}
				freethisge(pge); pge = xge;
				xge = nge->bkwd; freethisge(nge); nge = xge;
			}
		}
		ge = pge;

		/* check if the whole sequence is small */
		dx = ge->fx3 - ge->prev->fx3;
		dy = ge->fy3 - ge->prev->fy3;
		d2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;

		if( d2 > minlen2 ) { /* no, it is not */
			double b, d;

			WARNING_3 fprintf(stderr, "glyph %s had a sequence of fragments < %g points each, reduced to one curve\n",
				g->name, minlen);

			/* check that we did not create a monstrosity spanning quadrants */
			if(fsign(ge->fx1 - ge->prev->fx1) * fsign(ge->fx3 - ge->fx1) < 0
			|| fsign(ge->fy1 - ge->prev->fy1) * fsign(ge->fy3 - ge->fy1) < 0 ) { 
				/* yes, we did; are both parts of this thing big enough ? */
				dx = ge->fx1 - ge->prev->fx3;
				dy = ge->fy1 - ge->prev->fy3;
				d2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;

				dx = ge->fx3 - ge->fx1;
				dy = ge->fy3 - ge->fy1;
				d2m = dx*dx + dy*dy;

				if(d2 > minlen2 && d2m > minlen2) { /* make two straights */
					nge = newgentry(GEF_FLOAT);
					*nge = *ge;
					
					for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
						ge->fpoints[i][2] = ge->fpoints[i][0];
						b = nge->fpoints[i][0];
						d = nge->fpoints[i][2] - b;
						nge->fpoints[i][0] = b + 0.1*d;
						nge->fpoints[i][1] = b + 0.9*d;
					}
				}
				for(i=0; i<2; i++) { /* make one straight or first of two straights */
					b = ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
					d = ge->fpoints[i][2] - b;
					ge->fpoints[i][0] = b + 0.1*d;
					ge->fpoints[i][1] = b + 0.9*d;
				}
			}
			continue; 
		}

		if(ge->frwd == ge) { /* points to itself, just remove the path completely */
			WARNING_3 fprintf(stderr, "glyph %s had a path made of fragments < %g points each, removed\n",
				g->name, minlen);

			next = freethisge(ge);
			continue;
		} 

		/* now close the gap by x and y */
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
			double gap;

			gap = ge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
			if( fclosegap(ge, ge, i, gap, NULL) != 0.0 ) {
				double scale, base;

				/* not good, as the last resort just scale the next line */
				gap = ge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];

				if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) 
					fprintf(stderr, "    last resort on %c: closing next by %g\n",
					(i==0 ? 'x' : 'y'), gap);

				nge = ge->frwd;
				base = nge->fpoints[i][2];
				dx = ge->fpoints[i][2] - base;
				if(fabs(dx) < FEPS)
					continue;

				scale = ((dx-gap) / dx);

				if(nge->type == GE_CURVE)
					for(k = 0; k<2; k++)
						nge->fpoints[i][k] = base + 
							scale * (nge->fpoints[i][k] - base);

				ge->fpoints[i][2] -= gap;
			}
		}

		/* OK, the gap is closed - remove this useless GENTRY */
		freethisge(ge);
	}
#undef TIMESLARGER
}

/* find the point where two rays continuing vectors cross
 * returns 1 if they cross, 0 if they don't
 * If they cross optionally (if the pointers are not NULL) returns 
 * the maximal scales for both vectors and also optionally the point 
 * where the rays cross (twice).
 * Expects that the curves are normalized.
 *
 * For convenience there are 2 front-end functions taking
 * arguments in different formats
 */

struct ray {
	double x1, y1, x2, y2;
	int isvert;
	double k, b; /* lines are represented as y = k*x + b */
	double *maxp;
};
static struct ray ray[3];

/* the back-end doing the actual work
 * the rays are defined in the static array ray[]
 */

static int
fcrossraysxx(
	double crossdot[2][2]
)
{
	double x, y, max;
	int i;

	for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
		if(ray[i].x1 == ray[i].x2) 
			ray[i].isvert = 1;
		else {
			ray[i].isvert = 0;
			ray[i].k = (ray[i].y2 - ray[i].y1) / (ray[i].x2 - ray[i].x1);
			ray[i].b = ray[i].y2 - ray[i].k * ray[i].x2;
		}
	}

	if(ray[0].isvert && ray[1].isvert) {
		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) fprintf(stderr, "crossrays: both vertical\n");
		return 0; /* both vertical, don't cross */
	}

	if(ray[1].isvert) {
		ray[2] = ray[0]; /* exchange them */
		ray[0] = ray[1];
		ray[1] = ray[2];
	}

	if(ray[0].isvert) {
		x = ray[0].x1;
	} else {
		if( fabs(ray[0].k - ray[1].k) < FEPS) {
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) fprintf(stderr, "crossrays: parallel lines, k = %g, %g\n",
				ray[0].k, ray[1].k);
			return 0; /* parallel lines */
		}
		x = (ray[1].b - ray[0].b) / (ray[0].k - ray[1].k) ;
	}
	y = ray[1].k * x + ray[1].b;

	for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
		if(ray[i].isvert)
			max = (y - ray[i].y1) / (ray[i].y2 - ray[i].y1);
		else
			max = (x - ray[i].x1) / (ray[i].x2 - ray[i].x1);
		/* check if wrong sides of rays cross */
		if( max < 0 ) {
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) fprintf(stderr, "crossrays: %c scale=%g @(%g,%g) (%g,%g)<-(%g,%g)\n",
				(i?'Y':'X'), max, x, y, ray[i].x2, ray[i].y2, ray[i].x1, ray[i].y1);
			return 0;
		}
		if(ray[i].maxp)
			*ray[i].maxp = max;
	}
	if(crossdot != 0) {
		crossdot[0][0] = crossdot[1][0] = x;
		crossdot[0][1] = crossdot[1][1] = y;
	}
	return 1;
}

/* the front-end getting the arguments from 4 dots defining
 * a curve in the same format as for fapproxcurve():
 * rays are defined as beginning and end of the curve,
 * the crossdot is inserted as the two middle dots of the curve
 */

int
fcrossrayscv(
	double curve[4][2 /*X,Y*/],
	double *max1,
	double *max2
)
{
	ray[0].x1 = curve[0][X];
	ray[0].y1 = curve[0][Y];
	ray[0].x2 = curve[1][X];
	ray[0].y2 = curve[1][Y];
	ray[0].maxp = max1;

	ray[1].x1 = curve[2][X];
	ray[1].y1 = curve[2][Y];
	ray[1].x2 = curve[3][X];
	ray[1].y2 = curve[3][Y];
	ray[1].maxp = max2;

	return fcrossraysxx(&curve[1]);
}

/* the front-end getting the arguments from gentries:
 * rays are defined as beginning of curve1 and end of curve 2
 */

int
fcrossraysge(
	GENTRY *ge1,
	GENTRY *ge2,
	double *max1,
	double *max2,
	double crossdot[2][2]
)
{
	ray[0].x1 = ge1->prev->fx3;
	ray[0].y1 = ge1->prev->fy3;
	ray[0].x2 = ge1->fpoints[X][ge1->ftg];
	ray[0].y2 = ge1->fpoints[Y][ge1->ftg];
	ray[0].maxp = max1;

	ray[1].x1 = ge2->fx3;
	ray[1].y1 = ge2->fy3;
	if(ge2->rtg < 0) {
		ray[1].x2 = ge2->prev->fx3;
		ray[1].y2 = ge2->prev->fy3;
	} else {
		ray[1].x2 = ge2->fpoints[X][ge2->rtg];
		ray[1].y2 = ge2->fpoints[Y][ge2->rtg];
	}
	ray[1].maxp = max2;

	return fcrossraysxx(crossdot);
}

/* debugging printout functions */

#if defined(DEBUG_DOTSEG) || defined(DEBUG_DOTCURVE) || defined(DEBUG_APPROXCV)

/* for debugging */
static
printdot(
	double dot[2]
)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "(%g,%g)", dot[0], dot[1]);
}

static
printseg(
	double seg[2][2]
)
{
	putc('[', stderr);
	printdot(seg[0]);
	putc(' ', stderr);
	printdot(seg[1]);
	putc(']', stderr);
}

#endif /* DEBUG_* */

/*
 * Find squared distance from a dot to a line segment
 */

double
fdotsegdist2(
	double seg[2][2 /*X,Y*/],
	double dot[2 /*X,Y*/]
)
{
#define x1	seg[0][X]
#define y1	seg[0][Y]
#define x2	seg[1][X]
#define y2	seg[1][Y]
#define xdot	dot[X]
#define ydot	dot[Y]

	double dx, dy; /* segment dimensions */
	double kline, bline; /* segment line formula is y=k*x+b */
	double kperp, bperp; /* perpendicular from the dot to the line */
	double xcross, ycross; /* where the perpendicular crosses the segment */

/* handle the situation where the nearest point of the segment is its end */
#define HANDLE_LIMITS(less12, lesscr1, lesscr2)	\
	if( less12 ) { \
		if( lesscr1 ) { \
			xcross = x1; \
			ycross = y1; \
		} else if( !(lesscr2) ) { \
			xcross = x2; \
			ycross = y2; \
		} \
	} else { \
		if( !(lesscr1) ) { \
			xcross = x1; \
			ycross = y1; \
		} else if( lesscr2 ) { \
			xcross = x2; \
			ycross = y2; \
		} \
	} \
	/* end of macro */


	dx = x2 - x1;
	dy = y2 - y1;

	if(fabs(dx) < FEPS) {
		/* special case - vertical line */
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTSEG
		printf("vertical line!\n");
#endif
		xcross = x1;
		ycross = ydot;
		HANDLE_LIMITS( y1 < y2, ycross < y1, ycross < y2);
	} else if(fabs(dy) < FEPS) {
		/* special case - horizontal line */
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTSEG
		printf("horizontal line!\n");
#endif
		xcross = xdot;
		ycross = y1;
		HANDLE_LIMITS( x1 < x2, xcross < x1, xcross < x2)
	} else {
		kline = dy/dx;
		bline = y1 - x1*kline;
		kperp = -1./kline;
		bperp = ydot - xdot*kperp;

		xcross = (bline-bperp) / (kperp-kline);
		ycross = kline*xcross + bline;

		HANDLE_LIMITS( x1 < x2, xcross < x1, xcross < x2)
	}
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTSEG
	printf("crossover at (%g,%g)\n", xcross, ycross);
#endif

	dx = xdot-xcross;
	dy = ydot-ycross;
	return dx*dx+dy*dy;
#undef x1
#undef y1
#undef x2
#undef y2
#undef xdot
#undef ydot
#undef HANDLE_LIMITS
}

/* find the weighted quadratic average for the distance of a set
 * of dots from the curve; also fills out the individual distances
 * for each dot; if maxp!=NULL then returns the maximal squared
 * distance in there
 */

double
fdotcurvdist2(
	double curve[4][2 /*X,Y*/ ],
	struct dot_dist *dots,
	int ndots, /* number of entries in dots */
	double *maxp
)
{
	/* a curve is approximated by this many straight segments */
#define NAPSECT	16
	/* a curve is divided into this many sections with equal weight each */
#define NWSECT	4
	/* table of coefficients for finding the dots on the curve */
	/* tt[0] is left unused */
	static double tt[NAPSECT][4];
	static int havett = 0; /* flag: tt is initialized */
	/* dots on the curve */
	double cvd[NAPSECT+1][2 /*X,Y*/];
	/* sums by sections */
	double sum[NWSECT];
	/* counts by sections */
	double count[NWSECT];
	int d, i, j;
	int id1, id2;
	double dist1, dist2, dist3, dx, dy, x, y;
	double max = 0.;

	if(!havett) {
		double t, nt, t2, nt2, step;

		havett++;
		step = 1. / NAPSECT;
		t = 0;
		for(i=1; i<NAPSECT; i++) {
			t += step;
			nt = 1 - t;
			t2 = t*t;
			nt2 = nt*nt;
			tt[i][0] = nt2*nt; /* (1-t)^3 */
			tt[i][1] = 3*nt2*t; /* 3*(1-t)^2*t */
			tt[i][2] = 3*nt*t2; /* 3*(1-t)*t^2 */
			tt[i][3] = t2*t; /* t^3 */
		}
	}

	for(i=0; i<NWSECT; i++) {
		sum[i] = 0.;
		count[i] = 0;
	}

	/* split the curve into segments */
	for(d=0; d<2; d++) { /* X and Y */
		cvd[0][d] = curve[0][d]; /* endpoints */
		cvd[NAPSECT][d] = curve[3][d];
		for(i=1; i<NAPSECT; i++) {
			cvd[i][d] = curve[0][d] * tt[i][0]
				+ curve[1][d] * tt[i][1]
				+ curve[2][d] * tt[i][2]
				+ curve[3][d] * tt[i][3];
		}
	}

	for(d=0; d<ndots; d++) {
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
		printf("dot %d ", d); printdot(dots[d].p); printf(":\n");

		/* for debugging */
		for(i=0; i< NAPSECT; i++) {
			dist1 = fdotsegdist2(&cvd[i], dots[d].p);
			printf("  seg %d ",i); printseg(&cvd[i]); printf(" dist=%g\n", sqrt(dist1));
		}
#endif

		x = dots[d].p[X];
		y = dots[d].p[Y];

		/* find the nearest dot on the curve
		 * there may be up to 2 local minimums - so we start from the
		 * ends of curve and go to the center
		 */

		id1 = 0;
		dx = x - cvd[0][X];
		dy = y - cvd[0][Y];
		dist1 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
		printf("  dot 0 "); printdot(cvd[id1]); printf(" dist=%g\n", sqrt(dist1));
#endif
		for(i = 1; i<=NAPSECT; i++) {
			dx = x - cvd[i][X];
			dy = y - cvd[i][Y];
			dist3 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
			printf("  dot %d ",i); printdot(cvd[i]); printf(" dist=%g\n", sqrt(dist3));
#endif
			if(dist3 < dist1) {
				dist1 = dist3;
				id1 = i;
			} else
				break;
		}

		if(id1 < NAPSECT-1) {
			id2 = NAPSECT;
			dx = x - cvd[NAPSECT][X];
			dy = y - cvd[NAPSECT][Y];
			dist2 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
			printf("  +dot %d ", id2); printdot(cvd[id2]); printf(" dist=%g\n", sqrt(dist2));
#endif
			for(i = NAPSECT-1; i>id1+1; i--) {
				dx = x - cvd[i][X];
				dy = y - cvd[i][Y];
				dist3 = dx*dx + dy*dy;
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
				printf("  dot %d ",i); printdot(cvd[i]); printf(" dist=%g\n", sqrt(dist3));
#endif
				if(dist3 < dist2) {
					dist2 = dist3;
					id2 = i;
				} else
					break;
			}

			/* now find which of the local minimums is smaller */
			if(dist2 < dist1) {
				id1 = id2;
			}
		}

		/* the nearest segment must include the nearest dot */
		if(id1==0) {
			dots[d].seg = 0;
			dots[d].dist2 = fdotsegdist2(&cvd[0], dots[d].p);
		} else if(id1==NAPSECT) {
			dots[d].seg = NAPSECT-1;
			dots[d].dist2 = fdotsegdist2(&cvd[NAPSECT-1], dots[d].p);
		} else {
			dist1 = fdotsegdist2(&cvd[id1], dots[d].p);
			dist2 = fdotsegdist2(&cvd[id1-1], dots[d].p);
			if(dist2 < dist1) {
				dots[d].seg = id1-1;
				dots[d].dist2 = dist2;
			} else {
				dots[d].seg = id1;
				dots[d].dist2 = dist1;
			}
		}

		i = dots[d].seg % NWSECT;
		sum[i] += dots[d].dist2;
		if(dots[d].dist2 > max)
			max = dots[d].dist2;
		count[i]++;
#ifdef DEBUG_DOTCURVE
		printf(" best seg %d sect %d dist=%g\n", dots[d].seg, i, sqrt(dots[d].dist2));
#endif
	}

	/* calculate the weighted average */
	id1=0;
	dist1=0.;
	for(i=0; i<NWSECT; i++) {
		if(count[i]==0)
			continue;
		id1++;
		dist1 += sum[i]/count[i];
	}
	if(maxp)
		*maxp = max;
	if(id1==0) /* no dots, strange */
		return 0.;
	else 
		return dist1/id1; /* to get the average distance apply sqrt() */
}
	
/*
 * Approximate a curve matching the giving set of points and with
 * middle reference points going along the given segments (and no farther
 * than these segments).
 */

void
fapproxcurve(
	double cv[4][2 /*X,Y*/ ], /* points 0-3 are passed in, points 1,2 - out */
	struct dot_dist *dots, /* the dots to approximate - distances returned 
		* there may be invalid */
	int ndots
)
{
	/* b and c are the middle control points */
#define	B	0
#define	C	1
	/* maximal number of sections on each axis - used for the first step */
#define MAXSECT	2
	/* number of sections used for the other steps */
#define NORMSECT 2
	/* when the steps become less than this many points, it's time to stop */
#define STEPEPS	1.
	double from[2 /*B,C*/], to[2 /*B,C*/];
	double middf[2 /*B,C*/][2 /*X,Y*/], df;
	double coef[2 /*B,C*/][MAXSECT]; 
	double res[MAXSECT][MAXSECT], thisres, bestres, goodres;
	int ncoef[2 /*B,C*/], best[2 /*B,C*/], good[2 /*B,C*/];
	int i, j, k, keepsym;
	char bc[]="BC";
	char xy[]="XY";

#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
	fprintf(stderr, "Curve points:");
	for(i=0; i<4; i++) {
		fprintf(stderr, " ");
		printdot(cv[i]); 
	}
	fprintf(stderr, "\nDots:");
	for(i=0; i<ndots; i++) {
		fprintf(stderr, " ");
		printdot(dots[i].p); 
	}
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");
#endif

	/* load the endpoints and calculate differences */
	for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
		/* i is X, Y */
		middf[B][i] = cv[1][i]-cv[0][i];
		middf[C][i] = cv[2][i]-cv[3][i];

		/* i is B, C */
		from[i] = 0.;
		to[i] = 1.;
		ncoef[i] = MAXSECT;
	}

	while(ncoef[B] != 1 || ncoef[C] != 1) {
		/* prepare the values of coefficients */
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) { /*B,C*/
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
			fprintf(stderr, "Coefficients by %c(%g,%g):", bc[i], from[i], to[i]);
#endif
			df = (to[i]-from[i]) / (ncoef[i]*2);
			for(j=0; j<ncoef[i]; j++) {
				coef[i][j] = from[i] + df*(2*j+1);
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
				fprintf(stderr, " %g", coef[i][j]);
#endif
			}
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
			fprintf(stderr, "\n");
#endif
		}
		bestres = FBIGVAL;
		best[B] = best[C] = 0;
		/* i iterates by ncoef[B], j iterates by ncoef[C] */
		for(i=0; i<ncoef[B]; i++) {
			for(j=0; j<ncoef[C]; j++) {
				for(k=0; k<2; k++) { /*X, Y*/
					cv[1][k] = cv[0][k] + middf[B][k]*coef[B][i];
					cv[2][k] = cv[3][k] + middf[C][k]*coef[C][j];
				}
				res[i][j] = thisres = fdotcurvdist2(cv, dots, ndots, NULL);
				if(thisres < bestres) {
					goodres = bestres;
					good[B] = best[B];
					good[C] = best[C];
					bestres = thisres;
					best[B] = i;
					best[C] = j;
				} else if(thisres < goodres) {
					goodres = thisres;
					good[B] = i;
					good[C] = j;
				}
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
				fprintf(stderr, " at (%g,%g) dist=%g %s\n", coef[B][i], coef[C][j], sqrt(thisres),
					(best[B]==i && best[C]==j)? "(BEST)":"");
#endif
			}
		}
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
		fprintf(stderr, " best: at (%g, %g) dist=%g\n",
			coef[B][best[B]], coef[C][best[C]], sqrt(bestres));
		fprintf(stderr, " B:%d,%d C:%d,%d -- 2nd best: at (%g, %g) dist=%g\n",
			best[B], good[B], best[C], good[C], coef[B][good[B]], coef[C][good[C]], sqrt(goodres));
#endif

		if(bestres < (0.1*0.1)) { /* consider it close enough */
			/* calculate the coordinates to return */
			for(k=0; k<2; k++) { /*X, Y*/
				cv[1][k] = cv[0][k] + middf[B][k]*coef[B][best[B]];
				cv[2][k] = cv[3][k] + middf[C][k]*coef[C][best[C]];
			}
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
			fprintf(stderr, "quick approximated middle points "); printdot(cv[1]); 
			fprintf(stderr, " "); printdot(cv[2]); fprintf(stderr, "\n");
#endif
			return;
		}
		keepsym = 0;
		if(best[B] != best[C] && best[B]-best[C] == good[C]-good[B]) {
			keepsym = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
			fprintf(stderr, "keeping symmetry!\n");
#endif
		}
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) { /*B,C*/
			if(ncoef[i]==1)
				continue;
			if(keepsym) {
				/* try to keep the symmetry */
				if(best[i] < good[i]) {
					from[i] = coef[i][best[i]];
					to[i] = coef[i][good[i]];
				} else {
					from[i] = coef[i][good[i]];
					to[i] = coef[i][best[i]];
				}
			} else {
				df = (to[i]-from[i]) / ncoef[i];
				from[i] += df*best[i];
				to[i] = from[i] + df;
			}
			if( fabs(df*middf[i][0]) < STEPEPS && fabs(df*middf[i][1]) < STEPEPS) {
				/* this side has converged */
				from[i] = to[i] = (from[i]+to[i]) / 2.;
				ncoef[i] = 1;
			} else 
				ncoef[i] = NORMSECT;
		}

	}
	/* calculate the coordinates to return */
	for(k=0; k<2; k++) { /*X, Y*/
		cv[1][k] = cv[0][k] + middf[B][k]*from[B];
		cv[2][k] = cv[3][k] + middf[C][k]*from[C];
	}
#ifdef DEBUG_APPROXCV
	fprintf(stderr, "approximated middle points "); printdot(cv[1]); 
	fprintf(stderr, " "); printdot(cv[2]); fprintf(stderr, "\n");
#endif
#undef B
#undef C
#undef MAXSECT
#undef NORMSECT
#undef STEPEPS
}

/*
 * Find the squared value of the sinus of the angle between the
 * end of ge1 and the beginning of ge2
 * The curve must be normalized.
 */

static double
fjointsin2(
	GENTRY *ge1,
	GENTRY *ge2
)
{
	double d[3][2 /*X,Y*/];
	double scale1, scale2, len1, len2;
	int axis;
	
	if(ge1->rtg < 0) {
		d[1][X] = ge1->fx3 - ge1->prev->fx3;
		d[1][Y] = ge1->fy3 - ge1->prev->fy3;
	} else {
		d[1][X] = ge1->fx3 - ge1->fpoints[X][ge1->rtg];
		d[1][Y] = ge1->fy3 - ge1->fpoints[Y][ge1->rtg];
	}
	d[2][X] = ge2->fpoints[X][ge2->ftg] - ge2->prev->fx3;
	d[2][Y] = ge2->fpoints[Y][ge2->ftg] - ge2->prev->fy3;

	len1 = sqrt( d[1][X]*d[1][X] + d[1][Y]*d[1][Y] );
	len2 = sqrt( d[2][X]*d[2][X] + d[2][Y]*d[2][Y] );
	/* scale the 2nd segment to the length of 1
	 * and to make sure that the 1st segment is longer scale it to
	 * the length of 2 and extend to the same distance backwards
	 */
	scale1 = 2./len1;
	scale2 = 1./len2;

	for(axis=0; axis <2; axis++) {
		d[0][axis] = -( d[1][axis] *= scale1 );
		d[2][axis] *= scale2;
	}
	return fdotsegdist2(d, d[2]);
}

#if 0
/* find the area covered by the curve
 * (limited by the projections to the X axis)
 */

static double
fcvarea(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	double Ly, My, Ny, Py, Qx, Rx, Sx;
	double area;

	/* y = Ly*t^3 + My*t^2 + Ny*t + Py */
	Ly = -ge->prev->fy3 + 3*(ge->fy1 - ge->fy2) + ge->fy3;
	My = 3*ge->prev->fy3 - 6*ge->fy1 + 3*ge->fy2;
	Ny = 3*(-ge->prev->fy3 + ge->fy1);
	Py = ge->prev->fy3;

	/* dx/dt = Qx*t^2 + Rx*t + Sx */
	Qx = 3*(-ge->prev->fx3 + 3*(ge->fx1 - ge->fx2) + ge->fx3);
	Rx = 6*(ge->prev->fx3 - 2*ge->fx1 + ge->fx2);
	Sx = 3*(-ge->prev->fx3 + ge->fx1);

	/* area is integral[from 0 to 1]( y(t) * dx(t)/dt *dt) */
	area = 1./6.*(Ly*Qx) + 1./5.*(Ly*Rx + My*Qx) 
		+ 1./4.*(Ly*Sx + My*Rx + Ny*Qx) + 1./3.*(My*Sx + Ny*Rx + Py*Qx)
		+ 1./2.*(Ny*Sx + Py*Rx) + Py*Sx;

	return area;
}
#endif

/* find the value of point on the curve at the given parameter t,
 * along the given axis (0 - X, 1 - Y).
 */

static double
fcvval(
	GENTRY *ge,
	int axis,
	double t
)
{
	double t2, mt, mt2;

	/* val = A*(1-t)^3 + 3*B*(1-t)^2*t + 3*C*(1-t)*t^2 + D*t^3 */
	t2 = t*t;
	mt = 1-t;
	mt2 = mt*mt;
	
	return ge->prev->fpoints[axis][2]*mt2*mt 
		+ 3*(ge->fpoints[axis][0]*mt2*t + ge->fpoints[axis][1]*mt*t2)
		+ ge->fpoints[axis][2]*t*t2;
}

/*
 * Find ndots equally spaced dots on a curve or line and fill 
 * their coordinates into the dots array
 */

static void
fsampledots(
	GENTRY *ge, 
	double dots[][2], /* the dots to fill */
	int ndots
)
{
	int i, axis;
	double t, nf, dx, d[2];

	nf = ndots+1;
	if(ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
		for(i=0; i<ndots; i++) {
			t = (i+1)/nf;
			for(axis=0; axis<2; axis++)
				dots[i][axis] = fcvval(ge, axis, t);
		}
	} else { /* line */
		d[0] = ge->fx3 - ge->prev->fx3;
		d[1] = ge->fy3 - ge->prev->fy3;
		for(i=0; i<ndots; i++) {
			t = (i+1)/nf;
			for(axis=0; axis<2; axis++)
				dots[i][axis] = ge->prev->fpoints[axis][2] 
					+ t*d[axis];
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Allocate a structure gex_con
 */

static void
alloc_gex_con(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	ge->ext = (void*)calloc(1, sizeof(GEX_CON));
	if(ge->ext == 0) {
		fprintf (stderr, "****malloc failed %s line %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
		exit(255);
	}
}

/*
 * Normalize a gentry for fforceconcise() : find the points that
 * can be used to calculate the tangents.
 */

static void
fnormalizege(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	int midsame, frontsame, rearsame;

	if(ge->type == GE_LINE) {
		ge->ftg = 2;
		ge->rtg = -1;
	} else { /* assume it's a curve */
		midsame = (fabs(ge->fx1-ge->fx2)<FEPS && fabs(ge->fy1-ge->fy2)<FEPS);
		frontsame = (fabs(ge->fx1-ge->prev->fx3)<FEPS && fabs(ge->fy1-ge->prev->fy3)<FEPS);
		rearsame = (fabs(ge->fx3-ge->fx2)<FEPS && fabs(ge->fy3-ge->fy2)<FEPS);

		if(midsame && (frontsame || rearsame) ) {
			/* essentially a line */
			ge->ftg = 2;
			ge->rtg = -1;
		} else { 
			if(frontsame) {
				ge->ftg = 1;
			} else {
				ge->ftg = 0;
			}
			if(rearsame) {
				ge->rtg = 0;
			} else {
				ge->rtg = 1;
			}
		}
	}
}

/* various definition for the processing of outlines */

/* maximal average quadratic distance from the original curve
 * (in dots) to consider the joined curve good
 */
#define CVEPS	1.5
#define CVEPS2	(CVEPS*CVEPS)
/* squared sinus of the maximal angle that we consider a smooth joint */
#define SMOOTHSIN2 0.25 /* 0.25==sin(30 degrees)^2 */
/* squared line length that we consider small */
#define SMALL_LINE2 (15.*15.)
/* how many times a curve must be bigger than a line to join, squared */
#define TIMES_LINE2 (3.*3.)

/*
 * Normalize and analyse a gentry for fforceconcise() and fill out the gex_con
 * structure
 */

static void
fanalyzege(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	int i, ix, iy;
	double avsd2, dots[3][2 /*X,Y*/];
	GEX_CON *gex;

	gex = X_CON(ge);
	memset(gex, 0, sizeof *gex);

	gex->len2 = 0;
	for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
		avsd2 = gex->d[i] = ge->fpoints[i][2] - ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
		gex->len2 += avsd2*avsd2;
	}
	gex->sin2 = fjointsin2(ge, ge->frwd);
	if(ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
		ge->dir = fgetcvdir(ge);
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
			dots[0][i] = ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
			dots[1][i] = ge->fpoints[i][2];
			dots[2][i] = fcvval(ge, i, 0.5);
		}
		avsd2 = fdotsegdist2(dots, dots[2]);
		if(avsd2 <= CVEPS2) {
			gex->flags |= GEXF_FLAT;
		}
	} else {
		ge->dir = CVDIR_FEQUAL|CVDIR_REQUAL;
		gex->flags |= GEXF_FLAT;
	}
	if(gex->flags & GEXF_FLAT) {
		if( fabs(gex->d[X]) > FEPS && fabs(gex->d[Y]) < 5.
		&& fabs(gex->d[Y] / gex->d[X]) < 0.2)
			gex->flags |= GEXF_HOR;
		else if( fabs(gex->d[Y]) > FEPS && fabs(gex->d[X]) < 5.
		&& fabs(gex->d[X] / gex->d[Y]) < 0.2)
			gex->flags |= GEXF_VERT;
	}
	ix = gex->isd[X] = fsign(gex->d[X]);
	iy = gex->isd[Y] = fsign(gex->d[Y]);
	if(ix <= 0) {
		if(iy <= 0) 
			gex->flags |= GEXF_QDL;
		if(iy >= 0) 
			gex->flags |= GEXF_QUL;
		if(gex->flags & GEXF_HOR)
			gex->flags |= GEXF_IDQ_L;
	}
	if(ix >= 0) {
		if(iy <= 0) 
			gex->flags |= GEXF_QDR;
		if(iy >= 0) 
			gex->flags |= GEXF_QUR;
		if(gex->flags & GEXF_HOR)
			gex->flags |= GEXF_IDQ_R;
	}
	if(gex->flags & GEXF_VERT) {
		if(iy <= 0) {
			gex->flags |= GEXF_IDQ_U;
		} else { /* supposedly there is no 0-sized entry */
			gex->flags |= GEXF_IDQ_D;
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Analyse a joint between this and following gentry for fforceconcise() 
 * and fill out the corresponding parts of the gex_con structure
 * Bothe entries must be analyzed first.
 */

static void
fanalyzejoint(
	GENTRY *ge
)
{
	GENTRY *nge = ge->frwd;
	GENTRY tge;
	GEX_CON *gex, *ngex;
	double avsd2, dots[3][2 /*X,Y*/];
	int i;

	gex = X_CON(ge); ngex = X_CON(nge);

	/* look if they can be joined honestly */

	/* if any is flat, they should join smoothly */
	if( (gex->flags & GEXF_FLAT || ngex->flags & GEXF_FLAT)
	&& gex->sin2 > SMOOTHSIN2)
		goto try_flatboth;

	if(ge->type == GE_LINE) {
		if(nge->type == GE_LINE) {
			if(gex->len2 > SMALL_LINE2 || ngex->len2 > SMALL_LINE2)
				goto try_flatboth;
		} else {
			if(gex->len2*TIMES_LINE2 > ngex->len2)
				goto try_flatboth;
		}
	} else if(nge->type == GE_LINE) {
		if(ngex->len2*TIMES_LINE2 > gex->len2)
			goto try_flatboth;
	}

	/* if curve changes direction */
	if( gex->isd[X]*ngex->isd[X]<0 || gex->isd[Y]*ngex->isd[Y]<0)
		goto try_idealone;

	/* if would create a zigzag */
	if( ((ge->dir&CVDIR_FRONT)-CVDIR_FEQUAL) * ((nge->dir&CVDIR_REAR)-CVDIR_REQUAL) < 0 )
		goto try_flatone;

	if( fcrossraysge(ge, nge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
		gex->flags |= GEXF_JGOOD;

try_flatone:
	/* look if they can be joined by flatting out one of the entries */

	/* at this point we know that the general direction of the
	 * gentries is OK
	 */

	if( gex->flags & GEXF_FLAT ) {
		tge = *ge;
		tge.fx1 = tge.fx3;
		tge.fy1 = tge.fy3;
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(&tge, nge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JFLAT|GEXF_JFLAT1;
	}
	if( ngex->flags & GEXF_FLAT ) {
		tge = *nge;
		tge.fx2 = ge->fx3;
		tge.fy2 = ge->fy3;
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(ge, &tge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JFLAT|GEXF_JFLAT2;
	}

try_idealone:
	/* look if one of the entries can be brought to an idealized
	 * horizontal or vertical position and then joined
	 */
	if( gex->flags & GEXF_HOR && gex->isd[X]*ngex->isd[X]>=0 ) {
		tge = *ge;
		tge.fx1 = tge.fx3;
		tge.fy1 = ge->prev->fy3; /* force horizontal */
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(&tge, nge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JID|GEXF_JID1;
	} else if( gex->flags & GEXF_VERT && gex->isd[Y]*ngex->isd[Y]>=0 ) {
		tge = *ge;
		tge.fx1 = ge->prev->fx3; /* force vertical */
		tge.fy1 = tge.fy3;
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(&tge, nge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JID|GEXF_JID1;
	}
	if( ngex->flags & GEXF_HOR && gex->isd[X]*ngex->isd[X]>=0 ) {
		tge = *nge;
		tge.fx2 = ge->fx3;
		tge.fy2 = nge->fy3; /* force horizontal */
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(ge, &tge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JID|GEXF_JID2;
	} else if( ngex->flags & GEXF_VERT && gex->isd[Y]*ngex->isd[Y]>=0 ) {
		tge = *nge;
		tge.fx2 = nge->fx3; /* force vertical */
		tge.fy2 = ge->fy3;
		fnormalizege(&tge);
		if( fcrossraysge(ge, &tge, NULL, NULL, NULL) )
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JID|GEXF_JID2;
	}

try_flatboth:
	/* look if we can change them to one line */
	if(gex->flags & GEXF_FLAT && ngex->flags & GEXF_FLAT) {
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
			dots[0][i] = ge->prev->fpoints[i][2];
			dots[1][i] = nge->fpoints[i][2];
			dots[2][i] = ge->fpoints[i][2];
		}
		if( fdotsegdist2(dots, dots[2]) <= CVEPS2)
			gex->flags |= GEXF_JLINE;
	}
}

/*
 * Force conciseness of one contour in the glyph,
 * the contour is indicated by one entry from it.
 */

static void
fconcisecontour(
	GLYPH *g,
	GENTRY *startge
)
{
/* initial maximal number of dots to be used as reference */
#define MAXDOTS	((NREFDOTS+1)*12)

	GENTRY *ge, *pge, *nge, *ige;
	GEX_CON *gex, *pgex, *ngex, *nngex;
	GENTRY tpge, tnge;
	int quad, qq, i, j, ndots, maxdots;
	int found[2];
	int joinmask, pflag, nflag;
	struct dot_dist *dots;
	double avsd2, maxd2, eps2;
	double apcv[4][2];

	if(startge == 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: assertion in %s line %d, please report it to the ttf2pt1 project\n",
			__FILE__, __LINE__);
		fprintf(stderr, "Strange contour in glyph %s\n", g->name);
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);
		return;
	}

	if(startge->type != GE_CURVE && startge->type != GE_LINE)
		return; /* probably a degenerate contour */

	if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
		fprintf(stderr, "processing contour 0x%p of glyph %s\n", startge, g->name);

	maxdots = MAXDOTS;
	dots = (struct dot_dist *)malloc(sizeof(*dots)*maxdots);
	if(dots == NULL) {
		fprintf (stderr, "****malloc failed %s line %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
		exit(255);
	}

	ge = startge;
	joinmask = GEXF_JGOOD;
	while(1) {
	restart:
		gex = X_CON(ge);
		if((gex->flags & GEXF_JMASK) > ((joinmask<<1)-1)) {
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "found higher flag (%x>%x) at 0x%p\n", 
					gex->flags & GEXF_JMASK, ((joinmask<<1)-1), ge);
			joinmask <<= 1;
			startge = ge; /* have to redo the pass */
			continue;
		}
		if(( gex->flags & joinmask )==0)
			goto next;

		/* if we happen to be in the middle of a string of
		 * joinable entries, find its beginning
		 */
		if( gex->flags & (GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID) )
			quad = gex->flags & X_CON_F(ge->frwd) & GEXF_QMASK;
		else if( gex->flags & GEXF_JID2 )
			quad = gex->flags & GEXF_QFROM_IDEAL(X_CON_F(ge->frwd)) & GEXF_QMASK;
		else /* must be GEXF_JID1 */
			quad = GEXF_QFROM_IDEAL(gex->flags) & X_CON_F(ge->frwd) & GEXF_QMASK;

		pge = ge;
		pgex = X_CON(pge->bkwd);

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
			fprintf(stderr, "ge %p prev -> 0x%p ", ge, pge);

		while(pgex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK) {
			if( !(pgex->flags & ((GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID)|GEXF_JID2)) )
				qq = GEXF_QFROM_IDEAL(pgex->flags);
			else 
				qq = pgex->flags & GEXF_QMASK;

			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "(%x?%x)", quad, qq);

			if( !(quad & qq) ) {
				if( !(X_CON_F(pge) & (GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID))
				&& pgex->flags & (GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID) ) {
					/* the previos entry is definitely a better match */
					if(pge == ge) {
						if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
							fprintf(stderr, "\nprev is a better match at %p\n", pge);
						startge = ge;
						goto next;
					} else
						pge = pge->frwd;
				}
				break;
			}

			quad &= qq;
			pge = pge->bkwd;
			pgex = X_CON(pge->bkwd);
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "0x%p ", pge);
		}

		/* collect as many entries for joining as possible */
		nge = ge->frwd;
		ngex = X_CON(nge); 
		nngex = X_CON(nge->frwd); 

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
			fprintf(stderr, ": 0x%x\nnext -> 0x%p ", pge, nge);

		while(ngex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK) {
			if( !(ngex->flags & ((GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID)|GEXF_JID1)) )
				qq = GEXF_QFROM_IDEAL(nngex->flags);
			else 
				qq = nngex->flags & GEXF_QMASK;

			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "(%x?%x)", quad, qq);
			if( !(quad & qq) ) {
				if( !(X_CON_F(nge->bkwd) & (GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID))
				&& ngex->flags & (GEXF_JCVMASK^GEXF_JID) ) {
					/* the next-next entry is definitely a better match */
					if(nge == ge->frwd) {
						if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
							fprintf(stderr, "\nnext %x is a better match than %x at %p (jmask %x)\n", 
								ngex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK, gex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK, nge, joinmask);
						goto next;
					} else
						nge = nge->bkwd;
				}
				break;
			}

			quad &= qq;
			nge = nge->frwd;
			ngex = nngex; 
			nngex = X_CON(nge->frwd);
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "0x%p ", nge);
		}

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
			fprintf(stderr, ": 0x%x\n", nge);

		/* XXX add splitting of last entries if neccessary */

		/* make sure that all the reference dots are valid */
		for(ige = pge; ige != nge->frwd; ige = ige->frwd) {
			nngex = X_CON(ige);
			if( !(nngex->flags & GEXF_VDOTS) ) {
				fsampledots(ige, nngex->dots, NREFDOTS);
				nngex->flags |= GEXF_VDOTS;
			}
		}

		/* do the actual joining */
		while(1) {
			pgex = X_CON(pge);
			ngex = X_CON(nge->bkwd);
			/* now the segments to be joined are pge...nge */

			ndots = 0;
			for(ige = pge; ige != nge->frwd; ige = ige->frwd) {
				if(maxdots < ndots+(NREFDOTS+1)) {
					maxdots += MAXDOTS;
					dots = (struct dot_dist *)realloc((void *)dots, sizeof(*dots)*maxdots);
					if(dots == NULL) {
						fprintf (stderr, "****malloc failed %s line %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
						exit(255);
					}
				}
				nngex = X_CON(ige);
				for(i=0; i<NREFDOTS; i++) {
					for(j=0; j<2; j++)
						dots[ndots].p[j] = nngex->dots[i][j];
					ndots++;
				}
				for(j=0; j<2; j++)
					dots[ndots].p[j] = ige->fpoints[j][2];
				ndots++;
			}
			ndots--; /* the last point is not interesting */

			tpge = *pge;
			pflag = pgex->flags;
			if(pflag & (GEXF_JGOOD|GEXF_JFLAT2|GEXF_JID2)) {
				/* nothing */
			} else if(pflag & GEXF_JFLAT) {
				tpge.fx1 = tpge.fx3;
				tpge.fy1 = tpge.fy3;
			} else if(pflag & GEXF_JID) {
				if(pflag & GEXF_HOR)
					tpge.fy1 = tpge.bkwd->fy3;
				else
					tpge.fx1 = tpge.bkwd->fx3;
			}

			tnge = *nge;
			nflag = ngex->flags;
			if(nflag & (GEXF_JGOOD|GEXF_JFLAT1|GEXF_JID)
			&& !(nflag & GEXF_JID2)) {
				/* nothing */
			} else if(nflag & GEXF_JFLAT) {
				tnge.fx2 = tnge.bkwd->fx3;
				tnge.fy2 = tnge.bkwd->fy3;
			} else if(nflag & GEXF_JID) {
				if(X_CON_F(nge) & GEXF_HOR)
					tnge.fy2 = tnge.fy3;
				else
					tnge.fx2 = tnge.fx3;
			}

			fnormalizege(&tpge);
			fnormalizege(&tnge);
			if( fcrossraysge(&tpge, &tnge, NULL, NULL, &apcv[1]) ) {
				apcv[0][X] = tpge.bkwd->fx3;
				apcv[0][Y] = tpge.bkwd->fy3;
				/* apcv[1] and apcv[2] were filled by fcrossraysge() */
				apcv[3][X] = tnge.fx3;
				apcv[3][Y] = tnge.fy3;

				/* calculate the precision depending on the smaller dimension of the curve */
				maxd2 = apcv[3][X]-apcv[0][X];
				maxd2 *= maxd2;
				eps2 = apcv[3][Y]-apcv[0][Y];
				eps2 *= eps2;
				if(maxd2 < eps2)
					eps2 = maxd2;
				eps2 *= (CVEPS2*4.) / (400.*400.);
				if(eps2 < CVEPS2)
					eps2 = CVEPS2;
				else if(eps2 > CVEPS2*4.)
					eps2 = CVEPS2*4.;

				fapproxcurve(apcv, dots, ndots);

				avsd2 = fdotcurvdist2(apcv, dots, ndots, &maxd2); 
				if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
					fprintf(stderr, "avsd = %g, maxd = %g, ", sqrt(avsd2), sqrt(maxd2));
				if(avsd2 <= eps2 && maxd2 <= eps2*2.) {
					/* we've guessed a curve that is close enough */
					ggoodcv++; ggoodcvdots += ndots;

					if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) {
						fprintf(stderr, "in %s joined %p-%p to ", g->name, pge, nge);
						for(i=0; i<4; i++) {
							fprintf(stderr, " (%g, %g)", apcv[i][X], apcv[i][Y]);
						}
						fprintf(stderr, " from\n");
						dumppaths(g, pge, nge);
					}
					for(i=0; i<3; i++) {
						pge->fxn[i] = apcv[i+1][X];
						pge->fyn[i] = apcv[i+1][Y];
					}
					pge->type = GE_CURVE;
					ge = pge;
					for(ige = pge->frwd; ; ige = pge->frwd) {
						if(ige == pge) {
							fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: assertion in %s line %d, please report it to the ttf2pt1 project\n",
								__FILE__, __LINE__);
							free(dots);
							return;
						}
						if(startge == ige)
							startge = pge;
						free(ige->ext);
						freethisge(ige);
						if(ige == nge)
							break;
					}
					fnormalizege(ge);
					if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) {
						fprintf(stderr, "normalized ");
						for(i=0; i<3; i++) {
							fprintf(stderr, " (%g, %g)", ge->fpoints[X][i], ge->fpoints[Y][i]);
						}
						fprintf(stderr, "\n");
					}
					fanalyzege(ge);
					fanalyzejoint(ge);
					fanalyzege(ge->bkwd);
					fanalyzejoint(ge->bkwd);

					/* the results of this join will have to be reconsidered */
					startge = ge = ge->frwd;
					goto restart;
				} else {
					gbadcv++; gbadcvdots += ndots;
				}
			}

			/* if we're down to 2 entries then the join has failed */
			if(pge->frwd == nge) {
				pgex->flags &= ~joinmask;
				if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
					fprintf(stderr, "no match\n");
				goto next;
			}

			/* reduce the number of entries by dropping one at some end,
			 * should never drop the original ge from the range
			 */

			if(nge->bkwd == ge 
			|| pge != ge && (pgex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK) <= (ngex->flags & GEXF_JCVMASK) ) {
				pge = pge->frwd;
			} else {
				nge = nge->bkwd;
			}
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "next try: %p to %p\n", pge, nge);
		}

next:
		ge = ge->frwd;
		if(ge == startge) {
			joinmask = (joinmask >> 1) & GEXF_JCVMASK;
			if(joinmask == 0)
				break;
		}
	}

	/* join flat segments into lines */
	/* here ge==startge */
	while(1) {
		gex = X_CON(ge);
		if( !(gex->flags & GEXF_JLINE) )
			goto next2;

		ndots = 0;
		dots[ndots].p[X] = ge->fx3;
		dots[ndots].p[Y] = ge->fy3;
		ndots++;

		pge = ge->bkwd;
		nge = ge->frwd;

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
			fprintf(stderr, "joining LINE from %p-%p\n", ge, nge);

		while(pge!=nge) {
			pgex = X_CON(pge);
			ngex = X_CON(nge); 
			if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "(p=%p/%x n=0x%x/%x) ", pge, pgex->flags & GEXF_JLINE, 
					nge, ngex->flags & GEXF_JLINE);
			if( !((pgex->flags | ngex->flags) & GEXF_JLINE) ) {
				if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
					fprintf(stderr, "(end p=%p n=%p) ", pge, nge);
				break;
			}

			if(maxdots < ndots+2) {
				maxdots += MAXDOTS;
				dots = (struct dot_dist *)realloc((void *)dots, sizeof(*dots)*maxdots);
				if(dots == NULL) {
					fprintf (stderr, "****malloc failed %s line %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
					exit(255);
				}
			}
			if( pgex->flags & GEXF_JLINE ) {
				for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
					apcv[0][i] = pge->bkwd->fpoints[i][2];
					apcv[1][i] = nge->fpoints[i][2];
					dots[ndots].p[i] = pge->fpoints[i][2];
				}
				ndots++;
				for(i=0; i<ndots; i++) {
					avsd2 = fdotsegdist2(apcv, dots[i].p);
					if(avsd2 > CVEPS2)
						break;
				}
				if(i<ndots) { /* failed to join */
					if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
						fprintf(stderr, "failed to join prev %p ", pge);
					ndots--;
					pgex->flags &= ~GEXF_JLINE;
				} else {
					pge = pge->bkwd;
					if(pge == nge) {
						if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
							fprintf(stderr, "intersected at prev %p ", pge);
						break; /* oops, tried to self-intersect */
					}
				}
			} else if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "(p=%p) ", pge);

			if( ngex->flags & GEXF_JLINE ) {
				for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
					apcv[0][i] = pge->fpoints[i][2]; /* pge points before the 1st segment */
					apcv[1][i] = nge->frwd->fpoints[i][2];
					dots[ndots].p[i] = nge->fpoints[i][2];
				}
				ndots++;
				for(i=0; i<ndots; i++) {
					avsd2 = fdotsegdist2(apcv, dots[i].p);
					if(avsd2 > CVEPS2)
						break;
				}
				if(i<ndots) { /* failed to join */
					if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
						fprintf(stderr, "failed to join next %p ", nge->frwd);
					ndots--;
					ngex->flags &= ~GEXF_JLINE;
				} else {
					nge = nge->frwd;
				}
			} else if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
				fprintf(stderr, "(n=%p) ", nge);
		}

		pge = pge->frwd;  /* now the limits are pge...nge inclusive */
		if(pge == nge) /* a deeply perversive contour */
			break;

		if(ISDBG(FCONCISE)) {
			fprintf(stderr, "\nin %s joined LINE %p-%p from\n", g->name, pge, nge);
			dumppaths(g, pge, nge);
		}
		pge->type = GE_LINE;
		for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
			pge->fpoints[i][2] = nge->fpoints[i][2];
		}
		fnormalizege(pge);
		X_CON_F(pge) &= ~GEXF_JLINE;

		ge = pge;
		for(ige = pge->frwd; ; ige = pge->frwd) {
			if(ige == pge) {
				fprintf(stderr, "WARNING: assertion in %s line %d, please report it to the ttf2pt1 project\n",
					__FILE__, __LINE__);
				free(dots);
				return;
			}
			if(startge == ige)
				startge = pge;
			free(ige->ext);
			freethisge(ige);
			if(ige == nge)
				break;
		}
next2:
		ge = ge->frwd;
		if(ge == startge)
			break;
	}

	free(dots);
}

/* force conciseness: substitute 2 or more curves going in the
** same quadrant with one curve
** in floating point
*/

void
fforceconcise(
	     GLYPH * g
)
{

	GENTRY         *ge, *nge, *endge, *xge;

	assertisfloat(g, "enforcing conciseness");

	fdelsmall(g, 0.05);
	assertpath(g->entries, __FILE__, __LINE__, g->name);

	if(ISDBG(FCONCISE))
		dumppaths(g, NULL, NULL);

	/* collect more information about each gentry and their joints */
	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE || ge->type == GE_LINE)
			fnormalizege(ge);

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE || ge->type == GE_LINE) {
			alloc_gex_con(ge);
			fanalyzege(ge);
		}

	/* see what we can do about joining */
	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE || ge->type == GE_LINE)
			fanalyzejoint(ge);

	/* now do the joining */
	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
		if(ge->type == GE_MOVE)
			fconcisecontour(g, ge->next);

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next)
		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE || ge->type == GE_LINE)
			free(ge->ext);
}

void
print_glyph(
	   int glyphno
)
{
	GLYPH          *g;
	GENTRY         *ge;
	int             x = 0, y = 0;
	int             i;
	int             grp, lastgrp= -1;

	if(ISDBG(FCONCISE) && glyphno == 0) {
		fprintf(stderr, "Guessed curves: bad %d/%d good %d/%d\n",
			gbadcv, gbadcvdots, ggoodcv, ggoodcvdots);
	}

	g = &glyph_list[glyphno];

	fprintf(pfa_file, "/%s { \n", g->name);

	/* consider widths >MAXLEGALWIDTH as bugs */
	if( g->scaledwidth <= MAXLEGALWIDTH ) {
		fprintf(pfa_file, "0 %d hsbw\n", g->scaledwidth);
	} else {
		fprintf(pfa_file, "0 1000 hsbw\n");
		WARNING_2 fprintf(stderr, "glyph %s: width %d seems to be buggy, set to 1000\n",
			g->name, g->scaledwidth);
	}

#if 0
	fprintf(pfa_file, "%% contours: ");
	for (i = 0; i < g->ncontours; i++)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%s(%d,%d) ", (g->contours[i].direction == DIR_OUTER ? "out" : "in"),
			g->contours[i].xofmin, g->contours[i].ymin);
	fprintf(pfa_file, "\n");

	if (g->rymin < 5000)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d lower%s\n", g->rymin, (g->flatymin ? "flat" : "curve"));
	if (g->rymax > -5000)
		fprintf(pfa_file, "%d upper%s\n", g->rymax, (g->flatymax ? "flat" : "curve"));
#endif

	if (g->hstems)
		for (i = 0; i < g->nhs; i += 2) {
			if (g->hstems[i].flags & ST_3) {
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d %d %d hstem3\n",
					g->hstems[i].value,
				g->hstems[i + 1].value - g->hstems[i].value,
					g->hstems[i + 2].value,
					g->hstems[i + 3].value - g->hstems[i + 2].value,
					g->hstems[i + 4].value,
					g->hstems[i + 5].value - g->hstems[i + 4].value
					);
				i += 4;
			} else {
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d hstem\n", g->hstems[i].value,
				g->hstems[i + 1].value - g->hstems[i].value);
			}
		}

	if (g->vstems)
		for (i = 0; i < g->nvs; i += 2) {
			if (g->vstems[i].flags & ST_3) {
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d %d %d vstem3\n",
					g->vstems[i].value,
				g->vstems[i + 1].value - g->vstems[i].value,
					g->vstems[i + 2].value,
					g->vstems[i + 3].value - g->vstems[i + 2].value,
					g->vstems[i + 4].value,
					g->vstems[i + 5].value - g->vstems[i + 4].value
					);
				i += 4;
			} else {
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d vstem\n", g->vstems[i].value,
				g->vstems[i + 1].value - g->vstems[i].value);
			}
		}

	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if(g->nsg>0) {
			grp=ge->stemid;
			if(grp >= 0 && grp != lastgrp)  {
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d 4 callsubr\n", grp+g->firstsubr);
				lastgrp=grp;
			}
		}

		switch (ge->type) {
		case GE_MOVE:
			if (absolute)
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d amoveto\n", ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			else
				rmoveto(ge->ix3 - x, ge->iy3 - y);
			if (0)
				fprintf(stderr, "Glyph %s: print moveto(%d, %d)\n",
					g->name, ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			x = ge->ix3;
			y = ge->iy3;
			break;
		case GE_LINE:
			if (absolute)
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d alineto\n", ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			else
				rlineto(ge->ix3 - x, ge->iy3 - y);
			x = ge->ix3;
			y = ge->iy3;
			break;
		case GE_CURVE:
			if (absolute)
				fprintf(pfa_file, "%d %d %d %d %d %d arcurveto\n",
					ge->ix1, ge->iy1, ge->ix2, ge->iy2, ge->ix3, ge->iy3);
			else
				rrcurveto(ge->ix1 - x, ge->iy1 - y,
					  ge->ix2 - ge->ix1, ge->iy2 - ge->iy1,
					  ge->ix3 - ge->ix2, ge->iy3 - ge->iy2);
			x = ge->ix3;
			y = ge->iy3;
			break;
		case GE_PATH:
			closepath();
			break;
		default:
			WARNING_1 fprintf(stderr, "**** Glyph %s: unknown entry type '%c'\n",
				g->name, ge->type);
			break;
		}
	}

	fprintf(pfa_file, "endchar } ND\n");
}

/* print the subroutines for this glyph, returns the number of them */
int
print_glyph_subs(
	   int glyphno,
	   int startid /* start numbering subroutines from this id */
)
{
	GLYPH *g;
	int i, grp;

	g = &glyph_list[glyphno];

	if(!hints || !subhints || g->nsg<1)
		return 0;

	g->firstsubr=startid;

#if 0
	fprintf(pfa_file, "%% %s %d\n", g->name, g->nsg);
#endif
	for(grp=0; grp<g->nsg; grp++) {
		fprintf(pfa_file, "dup %d {\n", startid++);
		for(i= (grp==0)? 0 : g->nsbs[grp-1]; i<g->nsbs[grp]; i++)
			fprintf(pfa_file, "\t%d %d %cstem\n", g->sbstems[i].low, 
				g->sbstems[i].high-g->sbstems[i].low,
				g->sbstems[i].isvert ? 'v' : 'h');
		fprintf(pfa_file, "\treturn\n\t} NP\n");
	}

	return g->nsg;
}

void
print_glyph_metrics(
     FILE *afm_file,
	   int code,
	   int glyphno
)
{
	GLYPH *g;

	g = &glyph_list[glyphno];

	if(transform)
	  fprintf(afm_file, "C %d ; WX %d ; N %s ; B %d %d %d %d ;\n",
		  code, g->scaledwidth, g->name,
		  iscale(g->xMin), iscale(g->yMin), iscale(g->xMax), iscale(g->yMax));
	else
	  fprintf(afm_file, "C %d ; WX %d ; N %s ; B %d %d %d %d ;\n",
		  code, g->scaledwidth, g->name,
		  g->xMin, g->yMin, g->xMax, g->yMax);

}

void
print_glyph_metrics_ufm(
     FILE *ufm_file,
	   int code,
	   int glyphno
)
{
	GLYPH *g;

	g = &glyph_list[glyphno];

  // OAR - added bounding box for Unicode glyphs
  fprintf(ufm_file, "U %d ; WX %d ; N %s ; G %d ; B %d %d %d %d ;\n",
	  code, g->scaledwidth, g->name, glyphno, g->xMin, g->yMin, g->xMax, g->yMax);
}
/*
 SB:
 An important note about the BlueValues.

 The Adobe documentation says that the maximal width of a Blue zone
 is connected to the value of BlueScale, which is by default 0.039625.
 The BlueScale value defines, at which point size the overshoot
 suppression be disabled.

 The formula for it that is given in the manual is:

  BlueScale=point_size/240, for a 300dpi device

 that makes us wonder what is this 240 standing for. Incidentally
 240=72*1000/300, where 72 is the relation between inches and points,
 1000 is the size of the glyph matrix, and 300dpi is the resolution of
 the output device. Knowing that we can recalculate the formula for
 the font size in pixels rather than points:

  BlueScale=pixel_size/1000

 That looks a lot simpler than the original formula, does not it ?
 And the limitation about the maximal width of zone also looks
 a lot simpler after the transformation:

  max_width < 1000/pixel_size

 that ensures that even at the maximal pixel size when the overshoot
 suppression is disabled the zone width will be less than one pixel.
 This is important, failure to comply to this limit will result in
 really ugly fonts (been there, done that). But knowing the formula
 for the pixel width, we see that in fact we can use the maximal width
 of 24, not 23 as specified in the manual.

*/

#define MAXBLUEWIDTH (24)

/*
 * Find the indexes of the most frequent values
 * in the hystogram, sort them in ascending order, and save which one
 * was the best one (if asked).
 * Returns the number of values found (may be less than maximal because
 * we ignore the zero values)
 */

#define MAXHYST	(2000)		/* size of the hystogram */
#define HYSTBASE 500

static int
besthyst(
	 int *hyst,		/* the hystogram */
	 int base,		/* the base point of the hystogram */
	 int *best,		/* the array for indexes of best values */
	 int nbest,		/* its allocated size */
	 int width,		/* minimal difference between indexes */
	 int *bestindp		/* returned top point */
)
{
	unsigned char   hused[MAXHYST / 8 + 1];
	int             i, max, j, w, last = 0;
	int             nf = 0;

	width--;

	memset(hused, 0 , sizeof hused);

	max = 1;
	for (i = 0; i < nbest && max != 0; i++) {
		best[i] = 0;
		max = 0;
		for (j = 1; j < MAXHYST - 1; j++) {
			w = hyst[j];

			if (w > max && (hused[j>>3] & (1 << (j & 0x07))) == 0) {
				best[i] = j;
				max = w;
			}
		}
		if (max != 0) {
			if (max < last/2) {
				/* do not pick the too low values */
				break;
			}
			for (j = best[i] - width; j <= best[i] + width; j++) {
				if (j >= 0 && j < MAXHYST)
					hused[j >> 3] |= (1 << (j & 0x07));
			}
			last = max;
			best[i] -= base;
			nf = i + 1;
		}
	}

	if (bestindp)
		*bestindp = best[0];

	/* sort the indexes in ascending order */
	for (i = 0; i < nf; i++) {
		for (j = i + 1; j < nf; j++)
			if (best[j] < best[i]) {
				w = best[i];
				best[i] = best[j];
				best[j] = w;
			}
	}

	return nf;
}

/*
 * Find the next best Blue zone in the hystogram.
 * Return the weight of the found zone.
 */

static int
bestblue(
	 short *zhyst,		/* the zones hystogram */
	 short *physt,		/* the points hystogram */
	 short *ozhyst,		/* the other zones hystogram */
	 int *bluetab		/* where to put the found zone */
)
{
	int             i, j, w, max, ind, first, last;

	/* find the highest point in the zones hystogram */
	/* if we have a plateau, take its center */
	/* if we have multiple peaks, take the first one */

	max = -1;
	first = last = -10;
	for (i = 0; i <= MAXHYST - MAXBLUEWIDTH; i++) {
		w = zhyst[i];
		if (w > max) {
			first = last = i;
			max = w;
		} else if (w == max) {
			if (last == i - 1)
				last = i;
		}
	}
	ind = (first + last) / 2;

	if (max == 0)		/* no zones left */
		return 0;

	/* now we reuse `first' and `last' as inclusive borders of the zone */
	first = ind;
	last = ind + (MAXBLUEWIDTH - 1);

	/* our maximal width is far too big, so we try to make it narrower */
	w = max;
	j = (w & 1);		/* a pseudo-random bit */
	while (1) {
		while (physt[first] == 0)
			first++;
		while (physt[last] == 0)
			last--;
		if (last - first < (MAXBLUEWIDTH * 2 / 3) || (max - w) * 10 > max)
			break;

		if (physt[first] < physt[last]
		    || physt[first] == physt[last] && j) {
			if (physt[first] * 20 > w)	/* if weight is >5%,
							 * stop */
				break;
			w -= physt[first];
			first++;
			j = 0;
		} else {
			if (physt[last] * 20 > w)	/* if weight is >5%,
							 * stop */
				break;
			w -= physt[last];
			last--;
			j = 1;
		}
	}

	/* save our zone */
	bluetab[0] = first - HYSTBASE;
	bluetab[1] = last - HYSTBASE;

	/* invalidate all the zones overlapping with this one */
	/* the constant of 2 is determined by the default value of BlueFuzz */
	for (i = first - (MAXBLUEWIDTH - 1) - 2; i <= last + 2; i++)
		if (i >= 0 && i < MAXHYST) {
			zhyst[i] = 0;
			ozhyst[i] = 0;
		}
	return w;
}

/*
 * Try to find the Blue Values, bounding box and italic angle
 */

void
findblues(void)
{
	/* hystograms for upper and lower zones */
	short           hystl[MAXHYST];
	short           hystu[MAXHYST];
	short           zuhyst[MAXHYST];
	short           zlhyst[MAXHYST];
	int             nchars;
	int             i, j, k, w, max;
	GENTRY         *ge;
	GLYPH          *g;
	double          ang;

	/* find the lowest and highest points of glyphs */
	/* and by the way build the values for FontBBox */
	/* and build the hystogram for the ItalicAngle */

	/* re-use hystl for the hystogram of italic angle */

	bbox[0] = bbox[1] = 5000;
	bbox[2] = bbox[3] = -5000;

	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++)
		hystl[i] = 0;

	nchars = 0;

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		if (g->flags & GF_USED) {
			nchars++;

			g->rymin = 5000;
			g->rymax = -5000;
			for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
				if (ge->type == GE_LINE) {

					j = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
					k = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
					if (j > 0)
						ang = atan2(-k, j) * 180.0 / M_PI;
					else
						ang = atan2(k, -j) * 180.0 / M_PI;

					k /= 100;
					j /= 100;
					if (ang > -45.0 && ang < 45.0) {
						/*
						 * be careful to not overflow
						 * the counter
						 */
						hystl[HYSTBASE + (int) (ang * 10.0)] += (k * k + j * j) / 4;
					}
					if (ge->iy3 == ge->prev->iy3) {
						if (ge->iy3 <= g->rymin) {
							g->rymin = ge->iy3;
							g->flatymin = 1;
						}
						if (ge->iy3 >= g->rymax) {
							g->rymax = ge->iy3;
							g->flatymax = 1;
						}
					} else {
						if (ge->iy3 < g->rymin) {
							g->rymin = ge->iy3;
							g->flatymin = 0;
						}
						if (ge->iy3 > g->rymax) {
							g->rymax = ge->iy3;
							g->flatymax = 0;
						}
					}
				} else if (ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
					if (ge->iy3 < g->rymin) {
						g->rymin = ge->iy3;
						g->flatymin = 0;
					}
					if (ge->iy3 > g->rymax) {
						g->rymax = ge->iy3;
						g->flatymax = 0;
					}
				}
				if (ge->type == GE_LINE || ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
					if (ge->ix3 < bbox[0])
						bbox[0] = ge->ix3;
					if (ge->ix3 > bbox[2])
						bbox[2] = ge->ix3;
					if (ge->iy3 < bbox[1])
						bbox[1] = ge->iy3;
					if (ge->iy3 > bbox[3])
						bbox[3] = ge->iy3;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/* get the most popular angle */
	max = 0;
	w = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++) {
		if (hystl[i] > w) {
			w = hystl[i];
			max = i;
		}
	}
	ang = (double) (max - HYSTBASE) / 10.0;
	WARNING_2 fprintf(stderr, "Guessed italic angle: %f\n", ang);
	if (italic_angle == 0.0)
		italic_angle = ang;

	/* build the hystogram of the lower points */
	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++)
		hystl[i] = 0;

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		if ((g->flags & GF_USED)
		    && g->rymin + HYSTBASE >= 0 && g->rymin < MAXHYST - HYSTBASE) {
			hystl[g->rymin + HYSTBASE]++;
		}
	}

	/* build the hystogram of the upper points */
	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++)
		hystu[i] = 0;

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		if ((g->flags & GF_USED)
		    && g->rymax + HYSTBASE >= 0 && g->rymax < MAXHYST - HYSTBASE) {
			hystu[g->rymax + HYSTBASE]++;
		}
	}

	/* build the hystogram of all the possible lower zones with max width */
	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++)
		zlhyst[i] = 0;

	for (i = 0; i <= MAXHYST - MAXBLUEWIDTH; i++) {
		for (j = 0; j < MAXBLUEWIDTH; j++)
			zlhyst[i] += hystl[i + j];
	}

	/* build the hystogram of all the possible upper zones with max width */
	for (i = 0; i < MAXHYST; i++)
		zuhyst[i] = 0;

	for (i = 0; i <= MAXHYST - MAXBLUEWIDTH; i++) {
		for (j = 0; j < MAXBLUEWIDTH; j++)
			zuhyst[i] += hystu[i + j];
	}

	/* find the baseline */
	w = bestblue(zlhyst, hystl, zuhyst, &bluevalues[0]);
	if (0)
		fprintf(stderr, "BaselineBlue zone %d%% %d...%d\n", w * 100 / nchars,
				bluevalues[0], bluevalues[1]);

	if (w == 0)		/* no baseline, something weird */
		return;

	/* find the upper zones */
	for (nblues = 2; nblues < 14; nblues += 2) {
		w = bestblue(zuhyst, hystu, zlhyst, &bluevalues[nblues]);

		if (0)
			fprintf(stderr, "Blue zone %d%% %d...%d\n", w * 100 / nchars, 
				bluevalues[nblues], bluevalues[nblues+1]);

		if (w * 20 < nchars)
			break;	/* don't save this zone */
	}

	/* find the lower zones */
	for (notherb = 0; notherb < 10; notherb += 2) {
		w = bestblue(zlhyst, hystl, zuhyst, &otherblues[notherb]);

		if (0)
			fprintf(stderr, "OtherBlue zone %d%% %d...%d\n", w * 100 / nchars,
				otherblues[notherb], otherblues[notherb+1]);


		if (w * 20 < nchars)
			break;	/* don't save this zone */
	}

}

/*
 * Find the actual width of the glyph and modify the
 * description to reflect it. Not guaranteed to do
 * any good, may make character spacing too wide.
 */

void
docorrectwidth(void)
{
	int             i;
	GENTRY         *ge;
	GLYPH          *g;
	int             xmin, xmax;
	int             maxwidth, minsp;

	/* enforce this minimal spacing,
	 * we limit the amount of the enforced spacing to avoid
	 * spacing the bold wonts too widely
	 */
	minsp = (stdhw>60 || stdhw<10)? 60 : stdhw;

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		g->oldwidth=g->scaledwidth; /* save the old width, will need for AFM */

		if (correctwidth && g->flags & GF_USED) {
			xmin = 5000;
			xmax = -5000;
			for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
				if (ge->type != GE_LINE && ge->type != GE_CURVE) 
					continue;

				if (ge->ix3 <= xmin) {
					xmin = ge->ix3;
				}
				if (ge->ix3 >= xmax) {
					xmax = ge->ix3;
				}
			}

			maxwidth=xmax+minsp;
			if( g->scaledwidth < maxwidth ) {
				g->scaledwidth = maxwidth;
				WARNING_3 fprintf(stderr, "glyph %s: extended from %d to %d\n",
					g->name, g->oldwidth, g->scaledwidth );
			}
		}
	}

}

/*
 * Try to find the typical stem widths
 */

void
stemstatistics(void)
{
#define MINDIST	10 /* minimal distance between the widths */
	int             hyst[MAXHYST+MINDIST*2];
	int             best[12];
	int             i, j, k, w;
	int             nchars;
	int             ns;
	STEM           *s;
	GLYPH          *g;

	/* start with typical stem width */

	nchars=0;

	/* build the hystogram of horizontal stem widths */
	memset(hyst, 0, sizeof hyst);

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		if (g->flags & GF_USED) {
			nchars++;
			s = g->hstems;
			for (j = 0; j < g->nhs; j += 2) {
				if ((s[j].flags | s[j + 1].flags) & ST_END)
					continue;
				w = s[j + 1].value - s[j].value+1;
				if(w==20) /* split stems should not be counted */
					continue;
				if (w > 0 && w < MAXHYST - 1) {
					/*
					 * handle some fuzz present in
					 * converted fonts
					 */
					hyst[w+MINDIST] += MINDIST-1;
					for(k=1; k<MINDIST-1; k++) {
						hyst[w+MINDIST + k] += MINDIST-1-k;
						hyst[w+MINDIST - k] += MINDIST-1-k;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/* find 12 most frequent values */
	ns = besthyst(hyst+MINDIST, 0, best, 12, MINDIST, &stdhw);

	/* store data in stemsnaph */
	for (i = 0; i < ns; i++)
		stemsnaph[i] = best[i];
	if (ns < 12)
		stemsnaph[ns] = 0;

	/* build the hystogram of vertical stem widths */
	memset(hyst, 0, sizeof hyst);

	for (i = 0, g = glyph_list; i < numglyphs; i++, g++) {
		if (g->flags & GF_USED) {
			s = g->vstems;
			for (j = 0; j < g->nvs; j += 2) {
				if ((s[j].flags | s[j + 1].flags) & ST_END)
					continue;
				w = s[j + 1].value - s[j].value+1;
				if (w > 0 && w < MAXHYST - 1) {
					/*
					 * handle some fuzz present in
					 * converted fonts
					 */
					hyst[w+MINDIST] += MINDIST-1;
					for(k=1; k<MINDIST-1; k++) {
						hyst[w+MINDIST + k] += MINDIST-1-k;
						hyst[w+MINDIST - k] += MINDIST-1-k;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/* find 12 most frequent values */
	ns = besthyst(hyst+MINDIST, 0, best, 12, MINDIST, &stdvw);

	/* store data in stemsnaph */
	for (i = 0; i < ns; i++)
		stemsnapv[i] = best[i];
	if (ns < 12)
		stemsnapv[ns] = 0;

#undef MINDIST
}

/*
 * SB
 * A funny thing: TTF paths are going in reverse direction compared
 * to Type1. So after all (because the rest of logic uses TTF
 * path directions) we have to reverse the paths.
 *
 * It was a big headache to discover that.
 */

/* works on both int and float paths */

void
reversepathsfromto(
		   GENTRY * from,
		   GENTRY * to
)
{
	GENTRY         *ge, *nge, *pge;
	GENTRY         *cur, *next;
	int i, n, ilast[2];
	double flast[2], f;

	for (ge = from; ge != 0 && ge != to; ge = ge->next) {
		if(ge->type == GE_LINE || ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			if (ISDBG(REVERSAL))
				fprintf(stderr, "reverse path 0x%x <- 0x%x, 0x%x\n", ge, ge->prev, ge->bkwd);

			/* cut out the path itself */
			pge = ge->prev; /* GE_MOVE */
			if (pge == 0) {
				fprintf(stderr, "**! No MOVE before line !!! Fatal. ****\n");
				exit(1);
			}
			nge = ge->bkwd->next; /* GE_PATH */
			pge->next = nge;
			nge->prev = pge;
			ge->bkwd->next = 0; /* mark end of chain */

			/* remember the starting point */
			if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
				flast[0] = pge->fx3;
				flast[1] = pge->fy3;
			} else {
				ilast[0] = pge->ix3;
				ilast[1] = pge->iy3;
			}

			/* then reinsert them in backwards order */
			for(cur = ge; cur != 0; cur = next ) {
				next = cur->next; /* or addgeafter() will screw it up */
				if(cur->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
					for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
						/* reverse the direction of path element */
						f = cur->fpoints[i][0];
						cur->fpoints[i][0] = cur->fpoints[i][1];
						cur->fpoints[i][1] = f;
						f = flast[i];
						flast[i] = cur->fpoints[i][2];
						cur->fpoints[i][2] = f;
					}
				} else {
					for(i=0; i<2; i++) {
						/* reverse the direction of path element */
						n = cur->ipoints[i][0];
						cur->ipoints[i][0] = cur->ipoints[i][1];
						cur->ipoints[i][1] = n;
						n = ilast[i];
						ilast[i] = cur->ipoints[i][2];
						cur->ipoints[i][2] = n;
					}
				}
				addgeafter(pge, cur);
			}

			/* restore the starting point */
			if(ge->flags & GEF_FLOAT) {
				pge->fx3 = flast[0];
				pge->fy3 = flast[1];
			} else {
				pge->ix3 = ilast[0];
				pge->iy3 = ilast[1];
			}

			ge = nge;
		}

	}
}

void
reversepaths(
	     GLYPH * g
)
{
	reversepathsfromto(g->entries, NULL);
}

/* add a kerning pair information, scales the value */

void
addkernpair(
	unsigned id1,
	unsigned id2,
	int unscval
)
{
	static unsigned char *bits = 0;
	static int lastid;
	GLYPH *g = &glyph_list[id1];
	int i, n;
	struct kern *p;

	if(unscval == 0 || id1 >= numglyphs || id2 >= numglyphs)
		return;

	if( (glyph_list[id1].flags & GF_USED)==0
	|| (glyph_list[id2].flags & GF_USED)==0 )
		return;

	if(bits == 0) {
		bits = calloc( BITMAP_BYTES(numglyphs), 1);
		if (bits == NULL) {
			fprintf (stderr, "****malloc failed %s line %d\n", __FILE__, __LINE__);
			exit(255);
		}
		lastid = id1;
	}

	if(lastid != id1) {
		/* refill the bitmap cache */
		memset(bits, 0,BITMAP_BYTES(numglyphs));
		p = g->kern;
		for(i=g->kerncount; i>0; i--) {
			n = (p++)->id;
			SET_BITMAP(bits, n);
		}
		lastid = id1;
	}

	if(IS_BITMAP(bits, id2))
		return; /* duplicate */

	if(g->kerncount <= g->kernalloc) {
		g->kernalloc += 8;
		p = realloc(g->kern, sizeof(struct kern) * g->kernalloc);
		if(p == 0) {
			fprintf (stderr, "** realloc failed, kerning data will be incomplete\n");
		}
		g->kern = p;
	}

	SET_BITMAP(bits, id2);
	p = &g->kern[g->kerncount];
	p->id = id2;
	p->val = iscale(unscval) - (g->scaledwidth - g->oldwidth);
	g->kerncount++;
	kerning_pairs++;
}

/* print out the kerning information */

void
print_kerning(
	FILE *afm_file
)
{
	int	i, j, n;
	GLYPH *g;
	struct kern *p;

	if( kerning_pairs == 0 ) 
		return;

	fprintf(afm_file, "StartKernData\n");
	fprintf(afm_file, "StartKernPairs %hd\n", kerning_pairs);

	for(i=0; i<numglyphs; i++)  {
		g = &glyph_list[i];
		if( (g->flags & GF_USED) ==0)
			continue;
		p = g->kern;
		for(j=g->kerncount; j>0; j--, p++) {
			fprintf(afm_file, "KPX %s %s %d\n", g->name, 
				glyph_list[ p->id ].name, p->val );
		}
	}

	fprintf(afm_file, "EndKernPairs\n");
	fprintf(afm_file, "EndKernData\n");
}


#if 0

/*
** This function is commented out because the information
** collected by it is not used anywhere else yet. Now
** it only collects the directions of contours. And the
** direction of contours gets fixed already in draw_glyf().
**
***********************************************
**
** Here we expect that the paths are already closed.
** We also expect that the contours do not intersect
** and that curves doesn't cross any border of quadrant.
**
** Find which contours go inside which and what is
** their proper direction. Then fix the direction
** to make it right.
**
*/

#define MAXCONT	1000

void
fixcontours(
	    GLYPH * g
)
{
	CONTOUR         cont[MAXCONT];
	short           ymax[MAXCONT];	/* the highest point */
	short           xofmax[MAXCONT];	/* X-coordinate of any point
						 * at ymax */
	short           ymin[MAXCONT];	/* the lowest point */
	short           xofmin[MAXCONT];	/* X-coordinate of any point
						 * at ymin */
	short           count[MAXCONT];	/* count of lines */
	char            dir[MAXCONT];	/* in which direction they must go */
	GENTRY         *start[MAXCONT], *minptr[MAXCONT], *maxptr[MAXCONT];
	int             ncont;
	int             i;
	int             dx1, dy1, dx2, dy2;
	GENTRY         *ge, *nge;

	/* find the contours and their most upper/lower points */
	ncont = 0;
	ymax[0] = -5000;
	ymin[0] = 5000;
	for (ge = g->entries; ge != 0; ge = ge->next) {
		if (ge->type == GE_LINE || ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			if (ge->iy3 > ymax[ncont]) {
				ymax[ncont] = ge->iy3;
				xofmax[ncont] = ge->ix3;
				maxptr[ncont] = ge;
			}
			if (ge->iy3 < ymin[ncont]) {
				ymin[ncont] = ge->iy3;
				xofmin[ncont] = ge->ix3;
				minptr[ncont] = ge;
			}
		}
		if (ge->frwd != ge->next) {
			start[ncont++] = ge->frwd;
			ymax[ncont] = -5000;
			ymin[ncont] = 5000;
		}
	}

	/* determine the directions of contours */
	for (i = 0; i < ncont; i++) {
		ge = minptr[i];
		nge = ge->frwd;

		if (ge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->ix2;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->iy2;

			if (dx1 == 0 && dy1 == 0) {	/* a pathological case */
				dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->ix1;
				dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->iy1;
			}
			if (dx1 == 0 && dy1 == 0) {	/* a more pathological
							 * case */
				dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
				dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
			}
		} else {
			dx1 = ge->ix3 - ge->prev->ix3;
			dy1 = ge->iy3 - ge->prev->iy3;
		}
		if (nge->type == GE_CURVE) {
			dx2 = ge->ix3 - nge->ix1;
			dy2 = ge->iy3 - nge->iy1;
			if (dx1 == 0 && dy1 == 0) {	/* a pathological case */
				dx2 = ge->ix3 - nge->ix2;
				dy2 = ge->iy3 - nge->iy2;
			}
			if (dx1 == 0 && dy1 == 0) {	/* a more pathological
							 * case */
				dx2 = ge->ix3 - nge->ix3;
				dy2 = ge->iy3 - nge->iy3;
			}
		} else {
			dx2 = ge->ix3 - nge->ix3;
			dy2 = ge->iy3 - nge->iy3;
		}

		/* compare angles */
		cont[i].direction = DIR_INNER;
		if (dy1 == 0) {
			if (dx1 < 0)
				cont[i].direction = DIR_OUTER;
		} else if (dy2 == 0) {
			if (dx2 > 0)
				cont[i].direction = DIR_OUTER;
		} else if (dx2 * dy1 < dx1 * dy2)
			cont[i].direction = DIR_OUTER;

		cont[i].ymin = ymin[i];
		cont[i].xofmin = xofmin[i];
	}

	/* save the information that may be needed further */
	g->ncontours = ncont;
	if (ncont > 0) {
		g->contours = malloc(sizeof(CONTOUR) * ncont);
		if (g->contours == 0) {
			fprintf(stderr, "***** Memory allocation error *****\n");
			exit(255);
		}
		memcpy(g->contours, cont, sizeof(CONTOUR) * ncont);
	}
}

#endif

/*
 *
 */