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File: Introduction_to_p4a_3
Role: Documentation
Content type: text/plain
Description: Introduction III.The framework basics
Class: PHP 4 Applications
Create event driven Web GUI using remote scripting
Author: By
Last change:
Date: 15 years ago
Size: 5,024 bytes
 

 

Contents

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	The structure of the framework is easy to understand and relies in the “remote scripting” method.
	The goal of this technique is to achieve the exchanging of data and instructions between the internet explorer client and the server-side without needing to reload the actual page, just like a desktop application.
	Thus, when the application is constructed and sent to the client throw the 'flush' method, the html page sent has a hidden 'iframe' that is the target of all the events that the user fire in the html area.
	All events in the html page call to a script called 'p4a_events.php' that returns the JavaScript code necessary to modify the html objects and to synchronize these objects with the PHP objects located at the server-side.

	For example:

	<td onclick="javascript:target_iframe.location.href='p4a_events.php?event=column_click'">

	When the user clicks into the <td> tag, this tag loads into the hidden iframe the	result of calling p4a_events.php with the code of the P4A event passed in the query string (GET).

	The code loaded in the hidden iframe is all the JavaScript sentences need it to	modify the status and even the HTML code of the objects (basically 'div' tags) of the parent document (the html area of the user).
	Thus, the bi-directional communication is achieved without the re-loading of entire pages and it makes possible the event oriented programming used in the p4a framework.

*********************************************************************
*****************   History of objects and calls. *******************
*********************************************************************

CLIENT-SIDE                                            SERVER-SIDE

                                                   The application object
                                                   is created:
                                                   $myapp = new MyApp(..); 
                                                   MyApp extends 
                                                   p4a_Application

                                                    The application is 
                                                   saved into the session 
                                                   var 'Application'

                                         $_SESSION['Application'] = $myapp;

                                           The flush method is called and 
                                         the client html page is contructed

                                        $_SESSION['Application']->flush();
                                        //flush(0)
  HTML page       <<--------------------
with hidden iframe
    |
    |
    |
Some user event occurs
    |
    |
The iframe is set as the target
of the result of calling p4a_events.php
with the event code:
iframe.location.ref.=p4a_events.php?event=CODE_EVENT
    |
    ------------------------------------------------------>> p4a_events.php
                                                            is executed
                                            Capture the event with its 
                                            optional arguments:

                                        	foreach( $_GET as $k => $v)
                                          		$event[$k] = $v;

                                               Call to the event handler 
                                             of the application:

                                       	$p4a = & $_SESSION['Application'];
	
	                                echo $p4a->event_handler( $event);
                                                |
                                                |
                                                |
                                       (My_App.php script)
                                        Business logic, modifying the 
                                        status of some objects and calling 
                                         to their  flush(1) methods:

                                     function event_handler( $_ev, & $_app)
                                     {
                                       	switch( $_ev['event'])
                                       	{
                                  		case "topmenu_op1":
	                                         ...
				                   $answer .= $_app->
                                       controls_collection['panel01']->
                                                                flush(1);
                                                 	...
                                   	return $answer;

  Hidden Iframe  <<---------------------------
       |                Returning in the answer the JavaScript
       |                code that modifies the status of the HTML page
       |
       |
  Hidden iframe receives the code an execute it, modifying
the status of html parent document (the user area)