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PHP.ini Settings: Manage the PHP configuration values of php.ini

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This package can manage the PHP configuration values of php.ini.

It can read the values of a php.ini file, get option values, change option values and save the modified settings to the current or a new php.ini file.

The package attempts to validate the types of values passed to each setting using a configuration CSV file that has the type information for each value.

The original formatting and comments are preserved when writing back the modified contents. Quoted values will remain quoted, and unquoted values will remain unquoted. So if you use a diff utility you can easily note what was changed.

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PHP uses a php.ini file to read values that configures many aspects of the way PHP code works.

If you change one configuration value but set it to an incorrect type, PHP may not work as you expect and you may take a long time to figure what you did wrong.

The class provides a solution that can not only read and change php.ini settings, but it also can verify if you are setting those values to the correct types that PHP is expecting.

It uses a knowledge base file that contains the types of values that PHP expects for most of the configuration settings, so it can validate all the values and tell you if you set any values incorrectly.

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Details

Introduction

The PhpSettings class is intended to manage settings coming from a php.ini file.

It can modify settings, enable or disable PHP extensions and save the results back to the original input file or to another file.

It tries to enforce type checking on the setting values, taking type information from either the PhpSettings.csv file (see the PhpSettings.csv file section in this document) or from the values found in the supplied php.ini file. An exception will be thrown if you try to change a setting using a value whose type is not compatible with the original value ; for example, you will not be able to set the memory\_limit setting to "hello world", since it accepts an integer value which can also be expressed as a byte quantity.

Formatting and comments are preserved when writing back the modified contents. Additionally, quoted values will remain quoted, and unquoted values will remain unquoted. Great care has been taken for preserving the initial formatting, so that running the diff command on the input and output files will only show the modifications you made.

In the same way, most php.ini files contain commented-out directives, such as :

;realpath_cache_size = 16k

The PhpSettings class perfectly handles this kind of situation ; if you try to set the value of the realpath\_cache\_size setting to, say, "32k" then, instead of appending a new setting value to the end of file, the original - commented-out - setting will be reused, uncommented and its value will be change, to give the following :

realpath_cache_size = 32k 

Dependencies

This class uses the Path Utiities package (http://www.phpclasses.org/package/10018-PHP-Platform-independent-path-management-utitlities.html). A copy of file Path.phpclass has been provided here for your convenience, but it may not be the latest release.

Limitations

This class only handles changes to php.ini settings ; it is not intended to administrate an Apache server. After every change, you will need to restart your server manually for the changes to take effect.

Examples

Before digging into the class' details, a few examples will give you an overview of its capabilities.

Getting the value of a setting

Getting the value of a setting is really straightforward ; just load the php.ini file of your choice, then access the setting as if it was a property of the PhpSettings object :

<?php
	require ( 'PhpSettings.phpclass' ) ;

	$settings	=  new PhpSettings ( 'php.ini' ) ;
	echo "Memory limit is : " . $settings -> memory_limit ;

Note that you can also use the Get() method for that :

	echo "Memory limit is : " . $settings -> Get ( 'memory_limit' ) ;

Changing a setting value and writing back the results

The following example reads file php.ini, modifies the memory\_limit setting, then writes the contents back to file php.ini.out :

<?php
	require ( 'PhpSettings.phpclass' ) ;

	$settings	=  new PhpSettings ( 'php.ini' ) ;
	$settings -> memory_limit 	=  '128M' ;
	$settings -> SaveTo ( 'php.ini.out' ) ; 

As for retrieving a setting value, there is a counterpart method called Set() that allows you to change the value of a setting :

	$settings -> Set ( 'memory_limit', '128M' ) ; 

Enabling an extension

Extensions are special settings that can occur several times throughout a php.ini file, with different values. For example :

extension=mbstring.so
extension=exif.so

on Unix systems ; the equivalent on Windows platforms would be :

extension=php_mbstring.dll
extension=php_exif.dll

To enable an extension, just specify its name ; you don't have to worry about the file extension (".so" on Unix systems, ".dll" on Windows) as well as the "php_" prefix that is added on Windows platforms :

<?php
	require ( 'PhpSettings.phpclass' ) ;

	$settings	=  new PhpSettings ( 'php.ini' ) ;
	$settings -> EnableExtension ( 'mbstring' ) ; 

If the extension is already present in the input php.ini file, the concerned line will be reused and uncommented if necessary. If the extension is not already present, it will be inserted just after the very last extension specified in the input file.

This method also handles Zend extensions. See the description of the EnableExtension() method for more information on this topic.

Value checking

The PhpSettings class enforces type-checking, which is either deduced from the setting value specified in the php.ini file, or from the description found in the PhpSettings.csv optional file that is provided with this package.

Changing a setting using an incorrect value will throw an exception ; for example, there is a setting called engine whose value should be boolean. If you try the following :

	$settings -> engine 		=  "hello world" ;

then you will get the following PhpSettingsException :

	The value "hello world" supplied for the "engine" boolean setting is not a valid boolean value.

Reference

This section provides a reference for the methods, properties and constants defined by the PhpSettings class.

Constructor

$settings 	=  new PhpSettings ( $file, $options = PhpSettings::OPTIONS\_NONE ) ;

Loads a php.ini file specified by the $file parameter. After loading, all the settings will be accessible as properties of the $settings object, or through the Get(), Set() or extension management methods.

See the Constants section later in this chapter for an explanation about the flags that can be specified for the $options parameter.

Methods

AsString

$contents	=  $settings -> AsString ( ) ;

Returns the contents of the modified php.ini file, as a string.

DisableExtension

$status		=  $settings -> DisableExtension ( $name, $zend = false, $prefix = true ) ;

Disables the specified extension. Parameters are the following :

  • $name (string) : Extension name. For non-zend extensions, it can be only a subpart of the extension itself ; for example, specifying "mbstring" will yield to : - "php_mbstring.dll" on Windows platforms - "mbstring.so" on Unix platforms
  • $zend (boolean) : When false, the extension will be searched in the "extension=" settings ; when true, the "zend_extension=" settings will be searched. In this case, no special processing will be performed on the extension name.
  • $prefix (boolean) : (Windows platforms only) When false, no "php_" string will be prepended to the extension name.

Returns false if the extension was already disabled, true otherwise.

EnableExtension

$status		=  $settings -> EnableExtension ( $name, $zend = false, $prefix = true ) ;

Enables the specified extension. Parameters are the following :

  • $name (string) : Extension name. For non-zend extensions, it can be only a subpart of the extension itself ; for example, specifying "mbstring" will yield to : - "php_mbstring.dll" on Windows platforms - "mbstring.so" on Unix platforms
  • $zend (boolean) : When false, the extension will be searched in the "extension=" settings ; when true, the "zend_extension=" settings will be searched. In this case, no special processing will be performed on the extension name.
  • $prefix (boolean) : (Windows platforms only) When false, no "php_" string will be prepended to the extension name.

Returns false if the extension was already enabled, true otherwise.

Get

$value 		=  $settings -> Get ( $setting, $default = null ) ;

Returns the value of the specified PHP .ini setting, converted to the appropriate type, or the value returned by the ini_get() function.

Whatever the result, the function returns null if the setting is definitely not defined in the php.ini file.

Settings can also be accessed as if they were properties of the PhpSettings class ; for example :

$value 	=  $settings -> memory_limit ;

For settings containing characters not authorized in PHP identifiers, you can also use the following form :

$value 	=  $setting -> {'mbstring.strict_detection'}  ;

GetEnabledExtensions

$array	=  $settings -> GetEnabledExtensions ( $zend = false ) ;

Returns the list of enabled extensions as an array of strings. If the $zend parameter is false, only regular PHP extensions will be returned (the ones that have been specified using the extension setting). When true, only Zend extensions will be returned (zend_extension settings).

IsExtensionEnabled

$status		=  $settings -> IsExtensionEnabled ( $name, $zend = false, $prefix = true ) ;

Checks if an extension is enabled. Parameters are the following :

  • $name (string) : Extension name. For non-zend extensions, it can be only a subpart of the extension itself ; for example, specifying "mbstring" will yield to : - "php_mbstring.dll" on Windows platforms - "mbstring.so" on Unix platforms
  • $zend (boolean) : When false, the extension will be searched in the "extension=" settings ; when true, the "zend_extension=" settings will be searched. In this case, no special processing will be performed on the extension name.
  • $prefix (boolean) : (Windows platforms only) When false, no "php_" string will be prepended to the extension name.

Save

$settings -> Save ( ) ;

Writes back the modified contents of the supplied input file.

No saving will occur if no setting has been modified, ie when the IsDirty property is false.

Returns true if contents have been saved, false otherwise.

This method sets the IsDirty property to false.

SaveTo

$settings -> SaveTo ( $output_file ) ;

Saves the .INI file contents to the specified output file, either modified or not.

This method does not affect the isDirty property.

Set

    $settings -> $setting	=  $value ;
	$settings -> $setting	=  [ $value, $section ] ;
	$settings -> Set ( $setting, $value, $section = false ) ;

Changes the value of an existing setting or creates a new one.

Care is taken about the supplied value type ; when a setting is modified, its target type is taken from the setting found in the .INI file, or from the settings loaded from the PhpSettings.csv file.

When a new setting is created, the information loaded from the PhpSettings.csv file is used to determine its type ; if not found, the type will be guessed from the specified value.

The parameters are the following :

  • $setting (string) : Setting name to be modified or created.
  • $value (string) : New setting value. Specifying a null value will unset the specified setting.
  • $section (string) : When specified AND the setting does not exist, it will be appended to the specified .INI section ; otherwise, it will be appended to the end of the file.

You do not need to care about quoting the value you specified : this will automatically be done if the string contains characters that needs to be quoted in a php.ini file.

Unset

$settings -> $setting 		=  null ;
$settings -> Unset ( $setting ) ;

Undefines the specified setting.

If the setting already exists in the INI file, it will simply be commented out.

If it is defined multiple times (which should never happen), only the last non-commented occurrence will be commented out.

Properties

BackupFile

This property is set when a backup copy has been made and gives the path of the backup file.

This path will have the following form :

  • name.x.bak if the OPTION\_NUMBERED\_BACKUPS option has been set in the $options parameter of the constructor (name is the supplied input file, and x a unique, sequential number).
  • name.bak, if the OPTION\_CREATE\_BACKUP flag is set.
  • An empty string, if none of the above options has been specified.

Filename

Absolute path of the file that has been supplied to the class constructor.

IsDirty

This property will be set to true whenever a setting has been changed using either the Set() or EnableExtension method.

It is used by the Save() method to determine if file contents should be written back or not.

Constants

OPTION\_\* flags

A combination of the following flags can be specified to the $options parameter of the class constructor :

  • OPTION\_NONE : No option specified.
  • OPTION\_CREATE\_BACKUP : Creates a backup file, having the same name as the supplied input file, with the .bak extension appended.
  • OPTION\_NUMBERED\_BACKUPS : Creates a backup file, having the same name as the supplied input file, plus a unique integer number and the .bak extension.

Backup files are always created in the same directory as the supplied input file.

PHP\_INI\_\* constants

These constants define the locations where a setting can be modified :

  • PHP\_INI\_USER : Entry can be set in user scripts (like with ini_set()) or in the Windows registry. Since PHP 5.3, entry can be set in .user.ini
  • PHP\_INI\_PERDIR : Entry can be set in php.ini, .htaccess, httpd.conf or .user.ini (since PHP 5.3)
  • PHP\_INI\_SYSTEM : Entry can be set in php.ini or httpd.conf
  • PHP\_INI\_ALL : Entry can be set anywhere

VALUE\_TYPE\_\* constants

These constants specify the type of a setting :

  • VALUE\_TYPE\_NONE : the setting value type has not been determined.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_INTEGER : integer value.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_FLOAT : floating-point value.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_BOOLEAN : boolean value. Recognized values are "On", "Yes" and "True" for true values, and "Off", "No", "False" and "None" for false values (strings are not case-sensitive). Additionally, an integer value of 0 means false and 1 means true.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_STRING : Generic string, quoted or not.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_QUANTITY : An integer, specified as a byte quantity, such as "1024K", "128M" or "1G". When retrieving such a setting, its value will automatically be converted to an integer value.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_PERCENTAGE : An integer specified as a percentage, such as "23%". Getting such a setting will return floating point values, such as : 0.23
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_HEXADECIMAL\_INTEGER : An integer, specified as a hexadecimal value. The retrieved value will always be an integer.
  • VALUE\_TYPE\_OCTAL\_INTEGER : An integer, specified as an octal value. The retrieved value will always be an integer.

PhpSettings.csv file

The PhpSettings.csv file is completely optional ; when present, it must reside in the same directory as the PhpSettings.phpclass file.

It contains a description of the PHP settings, taken from the following address : http://php.net/manual/en/ini.list.php.

This is a CSV file whose fields are separated by semicolons, and contains the following columns :

  • Setting : setting name
  • Value type : setting value type (see the VALUE\_TYPE\_\ constants)
  • Default value : default setting value
  • Location : Location(s) where the setting can be modified (see the PHP\_INI\_\ constants)
  • Comment : optional comment
  • Min PHP version : specifies the version where this setting was introduced. This parameter is optional.
  • Max PHP version : specified the version where this setting was removed. This parameter is optional.
  • Module : related module. This parameter is optional.
  • Min module version : specifies the module version where this setting was introduced. This parameter is optional.
  • Max module version : specifies the module version where this setting was removed. This parameter is optional.
  Files folder image Files  
File Role Description
Files folder imageData (3 files)
Accessible without login Plain text file example.php Example Example script
Accessible without login Plain text file example.php.ini Data Auxiliary data
Accessible without login Plain text file example.php.out Output Example output
Plain text file Path.phpclass Class Class source
Accessible without login Plain text file PhpSettings.csv Data Auxiliary data
Plain text file PhpSettings.phpclass Class Class source
Accessible without login Plain text file README.md Doc. Documentation

  Files folder image Files  /  Data  
File Role Description
  Accessible without login Plain text file mapsettings.phs Appl. Generator script for PhpSettings.csv
  Accessible without login Plain text file settings-20161106.csv Output PhpSettings.csv file contents
  Accessible without login Plain text file settings-20161106.txt Data PHP Settings description

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