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PHP JSON RPC 2.0 Server: Handle to HTTP requests in JSON RPC v2.0 format

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jsonrpcserverv2 1.0.0GNU General Publi...5PHP 5, Web services, AJAX
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This package can handle to HTTP requests in JSON RPC v2.0 format.

It takes HTTP requests and handles them by calling functions loaded from scripts in a directory with file names based on the HTTP request URL parameters.

The class takes the return value of the called functions and returns them encoded in the JSON format.

The package comes with both JavaScript AJAX based and PHP clients to test a server using this class.

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Details

JSON-RPC server & client

(Note: For a more complete version, download the PDF version)

Introduction

This document describes

  • a PHP based JSON-RPC server class
  • a PHP based JSON-RPC client class and a
  • Javascript AJAX JSON-RPC library

The PHP server class responds to messages formatted using the JSSON-RPCv2.0 specification. It supports the single request, batch request and notification modes of the specification. It is tested with PHP v7. It uses a pluggable framework for adding methods so that the methods served are independent of the server code itself.

The PHP client class uses CURL to format and send a request to the server and to retrieve the response, so your server needs to have the PHP CURL module included. It operates synchronously. It is tested with PHP v7

The Javascript AJAX library sends requests asynchronously using AJAX and processes the response with a callback function. It is written for ECMAScript 6 and tested with Chromium v64

The JSON-RPC v2.0 specification can be found at http://www.jsonrpc.org/specification\#overview

Set up

Copy all the files into a directory that is accessible to the server. The files are as follows:

  • exampleViaAJAX.html

An example script which shows the Javascript AJAX client at work and how to use it

  • exampleViaPHP.php

An example script which shows the jsonrpcClient class at work and how to use it

  • index.php

This file contains the HTTP Transport wrapper for the jsonrpcServer class

  • jsonrpcClient.class.php

Use this class when you want to fire off JSON-RPC requests from a server side (PHP) script.

  • jsonrpcClient.js

Use this library when you want to fire off JSON-RPC requests from an HTML page running in a modern browser.

  • jsonrpcServer.class.php

This class implements the server processes. It is invoked by index.php for HTTP transported requests, but could be used for requests arriving via other methods (e.g. email)

  • test.php

This file implements a method (?test?) which is used in the example scripts. It simply reflects back the parameters that are sent to it. It is an example of a pluggable service module. You can create additional pluggable method files and store them in the same directory. See the section on Pluggable Methods for more details.

JSON-RPC Server for PHP

The code for the server class is in the file ?jsonrpcServer.class.php?. The file ?index.php? is an example of how to invoke the server to provide for requests sent by HTTP.

In addition there is an example service module ?test.php? which implements the method ?test?.

Although the server can be addressed directly it is more likely to be called by using one of the client service modules that are described on the following pages.

This section describes the use of the server via HTTP POST.

Typically, the server will be used either from PHP scripts running on other servers or AJAX requests from browser clients. In either case, the request should be formatted as an HTTP POST request with the payload held in a ?data? variable. (Assuming you are using the supplied ?index.php? file)

The PHP and Javascript clients which can handle the request process for you, are described later in this document.

A typical request would look like this:

{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 1, "method": "test", "params": {"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}}

which would result in the response:

{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 1, "result": {"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}}

("test" just reflects back the parameters you send it)

or, if there was an error in the request, e.g an unknown method, an error response would be returned:

{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 1, "error": {"code": -31001, "message": "File wrong.php not found", "data": "" }}

You can also send a batch of requests together by wrapping them in an array :

*\[{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":1, "method":"test", "params":{"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}},{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":2, "method":"test", "params":{"p3": "three", "p4": "four"}}\]*

and the response would be returned similarly in an array:

*\[{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 1, "result": {"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}}, {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 2, "result": {"p3": "three", "p4": "four"}}\]*

Errors are handled request by request:

\[{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":1, "method":"wrong", "params":{"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}},{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":2, "method":"test", "params":{"p3": "three", "p4": "four"}}\]

yields:

\[{"jsonrpc": "2.0","id": 1, "error": {"code": -31001,"message": "File wrong.php not found","data": "" } }, {"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 2, "result": {"p3": "three", "p4": "four"}}\]

However, if the error is in the JSON formatting (in this case the closing square bracket is missing):

\[{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":1, "method":"test", "params":{"p1": "one", "p2": "two"}},{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":2, "method":"test", "params":{"p3": "three", "p4": "four"}}

You would not receive an array, even if your data contained an array (with faulty formatting the server would not know). Instead you would receive a single object like this:

{"jsonrpc": "2.0","id": null,"error": { "code": -32600, "message": "Not a JSON-RPC v2.0 request","data": "" }}

Methods and how to add them

The server is designed to invoke methods that are stored in (PHP) files separate to itself. In order to write a successful method, you need to understand how the server looks for the methods it has been asked to invoke.

>How the server locates method definitions

The server uses a variety of means to find the code to execute the method.

  1. Assuming the method name contains no dots:

    1. First it looks for the method in the index.php file in case any internal methods have been defined (at the moment, none). 2. Next it looks for a file in the same directory with the same name as the method (e.g. method.php). 3. If it finds the file it will load it and look inside for a function with the same name as the method ( function method(\$parms) ). 4. Otherwise it fails with a "File not found" or "function not found" error.

  2. You can also use a dotted notation. This allows you to collect a family of functions into a single file or class.

    1. The method name ?filename.funcname? will look in "filename.php" for "function funcname()". 2. This notation also allows you to collect a family of functions as static methods inside a class: The method name ?filename.classname.methodname? will look in "filename.php" for class "className { function methodname()}" This method helps with sub-classing method names to avoid name clashes.

  3. Here is an example. Where "filename.php" contains
  • *class myClass{\ static function myFunc(\$params) {\ return (object) \["question?":"this is my life?"\];\ }\ }*
  • You could call this method with :\ {"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":1, "method":"filename.myClass.myFunc"}
  • (params are optional) and the response would be:\ *{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 2, "result": {"question": "this is my life?"}}*

>How to write a method/function

The method or function that receives the call will be passed a PHP object containing the parameters passed in the "params" parameter of the RPC call, so in the above example, if you wrote

function myFunc(\$params) {\ if (\$params-&gt;question =="is this my life?") { //this would yield true\ \$result = "yes it is.";\ } else {\ \$result = "what do you mean?";\ }\ return (object) \["answer"=&gt;\$result\];\ }

(note you must return the result as an object, not an array) and called it with :

{"jsonrpc":"2.0", "id":1, "method":"myFunc", "params":{"question":"is this my life?"}

You would get the response:

{"jsonrpc": "2.0", "id": 2, "result": {"answer": "yes it is."}}

span>JSON-RPC Client for Javascript

The JSON-RPC Client for Javascript is in the file ?jsonrpc.js?.Add this file to your web page like this:

&lt;script src=jsonrpc.js&gt;&lt;/script&gt;

and use it like this:

//First get the promise:

*let p = jsonrpcClient("/pathTo/index.php", "test", {"p1":"one", "p2":"two"});*

//specify what happens if the promise is successfully resolved

*p.then(function(response) { alert("ALL OK:" + JSON.stringify(response, undefined,4); });*

//Specify what happens if the promise fails to deliver

*p.catch(function(response) { { alert("OH NO!:" + JSON.stringify(response, undefined,4);});*

There is an example file "exampleViaAJAX.html" that lets you send requests and receive responses. It appears as shown below. Type the RPC code in the box on the left (there is a sample supplied) and see the result in an alert box after you click the Send! button.

(Note: "test" is an example method that just replies with the parameters you send to it.)

Note that this is an asynchronous request. The function in .then() will not be actioned in line but later, when the server responds.

JSON-RPC Client for PHP

The JSON-RPC Client for PHP is in the file "jsonrpc.class.php". Add this file to your web page like this:

require\_once(?jsonrpc.class.php?);

and use it like this:

\$cli = new jsonrpcClient();

Then, assuming you have already derived values for

  • $server_url - the fully qualified name of the server e.g. "http://localhost/test/JSON_RPC/index.php"
  • $method - e.g. "test"
  • $id - a number or a text string that does not start with a number. Note that if you do not supply an id, the request will be treated as a notification and there will be no reply.
  • $params - an object that contains the parameters expected by the method

This will retrieve a result from the server:\ \$result = \$cli-&gt;request(\$server\_url, \$method, \$id, \$params);

There is an example file "exampleViaPHPCURL.php" that lets you send requests and receive responses. It appears as shown below. Type the RPC code in the box on the left (there is a sample supplied) and see the result in an alert box after you click the Send! button.

(Note: "test" is an example method that just replies with the parameters you send to it.)

This is a round trip transaction. The form is sent to the web server which carries out the request on behalf of the client and then sends back the page with the results.

  Files folder image Files  
File Role Description
Files folder imagedocs (2 files)
Files folder imageexamples (4 files)
Files folder imagemethods (1 directory)
Accessible without login Plain text file index.php Example HTTP shim for server class
Plain text file jsonrpcServer.class.php Class class to implement server
Accessible without login Plain text file JSON_RPC.md Doc. Online readable documentation

  Files folder image Files  /  docs  
File Role Description
  Accessible without login Plain text file filelayout.txt Doc. File and directory layout
  Accessible without login Plain text file JSON_RPC.pdf Doc. Documentation (takes precedence over markdown version)

  Files folder image Files  /  examples  
File Role Description
  Accessible without login Plain text file exampleViAjax.html Example HTML page to test using the AJAXclient
  Accessible without login Plain text file exampleViaPHP.php Example Example using the PHP CURL Client
  Plain text file jsonrpcClient.class.php Class Implements the PHP CURL Client
  Accessible without login Plain text file jsonrpcClient.js Data Implements the AJAX client (in ECMAScript6)

  Files folder image Files  /  methods  
File Role Description
Files folder imagetest (1 file)

  Files folder image Files  /  methods  /  test  
File Role Description
  Accessible without login Plain text file test.php Example Example method

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