PHP Classes

MS-Excel Stream Handler: Stream wrapper to read and write MS Excel files

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This class implements a stream handler interface to read and write Microsoft Excel spreadsheet files in the XLS format.

XLS files may be read and written using PHP fopen, fread or fwrite, or any other PHP functions that can access to streams.

The file name has the format xlsfile://path/to/spreadsheet.xls where /path/to/spreadsheet.xls is the path of the actual spreadsheet file to be read or written.

To create a XLS file just pass a serialized array of spreadsheet row arrays that associate the column names with their values.

In the current version the class does not process the data read from a XLS file. Instead it just returns the raw XLS file data as is.

This class requires at least PHP 4.3.0 as that is the version when stream handling support was introduced in PHP.

NAME ====== xlsStream VERSION ======= 0.3 - 20 Jan 2005 DESCRIPTION =========== MS-Excel stream handler SYNOPSIS ======== This class read/writes a data stream directly from/to a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet opened with the xlsfile:// protocol. This is used to export associative array data directly to MS-Excel. REQUIREMENTS ============ PHP4 >= 4.3.2 USAGE ===== Include this file in your script, using include/require: <?php require_once "excel.php"; ?> To export an associative array to an Excel spreadsheet, simply call fopen() using the registered stream wrapper protocol xlsfile://, for example: $fp = fopen("xlsfile://path/to/file.xls", "wb"); This version expects an associative array in the form: $data = array( 0 => array( "column1" => "value1", "column2" => "value2", "column3" => "value3", "column4" => "value4", "column5" => "value5", ), 1 => array( "column1" => "value6", "column2" => "value7", "column3" => "value8", "column4" => "value9", "column5" => "value10", ), ... ); Now write your data array using a single call to fwrite(): fwrite($fp, $data); Then call fclose(), as you would normally. fclose($fp); To download an excel spreadsheet: <?php header ("Content-Type: application/x-msexcel"); header ("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=\"sample.xls\"" ); readfile("xlsfile://path/to/sample.xls"); exit; ?> FILES ===== excel.php Main class example_export.php Example export script example_download.php Example download script CHANGELOG ========= 0.3 - 20th Jan 2005 Fixed generated .xls unrecognized format issue due to server endian mode (Thanks to Charles Turner for pointing this out) 0.2 - 7th Jan 2005 Fixed bug with arrays and excel files with sizes over the 8192 byte limit 0.1 - 21th Oct 2004 Initial release LICENSE ======= Copyright (C)2004-2005, Ignatius Teo <> All rights reserved Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met: * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. * Neither the name of the <ORGANIZATION> nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. COPYRIGHT ========= Copyright (C) 2004-2005 Ignatius Teo <> All Rights Reserved $Id: README,v 1.3 2005/01/20 09:58:58 Owner Exp $

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Name: MS-Excel Stream Handler
Base name: xlsstream
Description: Stream wrapper to read and write MS Excel files
Version: 1.0.0
PHP version: 4.3
License: BSD License
All time users: 60177 users
All time rank: 2
Week users: 1 user
Week rank: 491 Down
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Group folder image Files and Folders Listing, accessing and manipulating files and folders View top rated classes
Group folder image Stream wrappers Access resources like regular files View top rated classes

  Innovation Award  
PHP Programming Innovation award winner
October 2004

Prize: One downloadable copy of Roadsend PHP Compiler
Microsoft Excel is one of the most popular applications for desktop users, especially as a business work tool. Therefore the generation of spreadsheets in the Excel XLS format is a frequently used feature of Web applications to provide information in a way that lets their users do their work using Excel.

There have always been plenty of solutions to generate spreadsheet files in the XLS format. However, this class provide an innovating approach to the problem of generating XLS files.

This class takes advantage of the stream wrapping capabilities introduced in PHP 4.3 to let applications create XLS files just by using common file handling functions, making the generation of this type of files a trivial task.

Manuel Lemos

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